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New updated data from CDC shows that ONLY 6% of the 161,392 reported US coronavirus deaths are related to COVID-19


 

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its provisional death counts for reporting period 2/1/2020 through 8/22/2020. According to the stats, CDC said that only 6% of the 153,504 US deaths are related to COVID-19 only. The other 94% had, on average, 2+ pre-existing conditions or causes per death. Nearly 60% of all deaths were over 75 years of age.

CDC said “the provisional death counts are based on death certificate data received and coded by the National Center for Health Statistics as of August 26, 2020. Death counts are delayed and may differ from other published sources.”

Given that the average life expectancy rate in the US is 78, it is not surprising to see that a couple of states purposely put COVID patients in nursing homes where individuals were at greater risk.

Below is the excerpt from the CDC on Comorbidities.

Table 3 shows the types of health conditions and contributing causes mentioned in conjunction with deaths involving coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). For 6% of the deaths, COVID-19 was the only cause mentioned. For deaths with conditions or causes in addition to COVID-19, on average, there were 2.6 additional conditions or causes per death. The number of deaths with each condition or cause is shown for all deaths and by age groups.

CDC NOTENumber of conditions reported in this table are tabulated from deaths received and coded as of the date of analysis and do not represent all deaths that occurred in that period. Data for this table are derived from a cut of the NVSS database taken at a particular time, separate from other surveillance tables on this page which are tabulated on the date of update. As a result, the total number of COVID-19 deaths in this table may not match other surveillance tables on this page.

*Data during the period are incomplete because of the lag in time between when the death occurred and when the death certificate is completed, submitted to NCHS, and processed for reporting purposes. This delay can range from 1 week to 8 weeks or more.

1Conditions contributing to death were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICDndash;10). Deaths involving more than one condition (e.g., deaths involving both diabetes and respiratory arrest) were counted in both totals. To avoid counting the same death multiple times, the numbers for different conditions should not be summated.

2Deaths with confirmed or presumed COVID-19, coded to ICD–10 code U07.1

Source: https://techstartups.com/2020/08/29/new-updated-data-from-cdc-now-shows-that-only-6-of-the-161392-reported-us-coronavirus-deaths-are-related-to-covid-19/

From Lockdown to Police State: the “Great Reset” Rolls Out

From Lockdown to Police State: the “Great Reset” Rolls Out

Mayhem in Melbourne

On August 2, lockdown measures were implemented in Melbourne, Australia, that were so draconian that Australian news commentator Alan Jones said on Sky News: “People are entitled to think there is an ‘agenda to destroy western society.’”

The gist of an August 13th article on the Melbourne lockdown is captured in the title: “Australian Police Go FULL NAZI, Smashing in Windows of Civilian Cars Just Because Passengers Wouldn’t Give Details About Where They Were Going.”

Another article with an arresting title was by Guy Burchell in the August 7thAustralian National Review: “Melbourne Cops May Now Enter Homes Without a Warrant, After 11 People Die of COVID — Australia, This Is Madness, Not Democracy.” Burchell wrote that only 147 people had lost their lives to coronavirus in Victoria (the Australian state of which Melbourne is the capital), a very low death rate compared to other countries. The ramped up lockdown measures were triggered by an uptick in cases due to ramped up testing and 11 additional deaths, all of them in nursing homes (where lockdown measures would actually have little effect). The new rules include a six week curfew from 8 PM to 5 AM, with residents allowed to leave home outside those curfew hours only to shop for food and essential items (one household member only), and for caregiving, work and exercise (limited to one hour).

“But the piece de resistance,” writes Burchell, “has to be that now police officers can enter homes with neither a warrant nor permission. This is an astonishing violation of civil liberties…. Deaths of this kind are not normally cause for government action, let alone the effective house arrest of an entire city.” He quoted Victoria Premier Daniel Andrews, who told Victorians, “there is literally no reason for you to leave your home and if you were to leave your home and not be found there, you will have a very difficult time convincing Victoria police that you have a lawful reason.” Burchell commented:

[U]nder this new regime you can’t even remain in your house unmolested by the cops, they can just pop ‘round anytime to make sure you haven’t had Bruce and Sheila from next door round for a couple of drinks. All over a disease that is simply not that fatal….

Last year more than 310,000 Australians were hospitalised with flu and over 900 died. By all metrics that makes flu a worse threat than COVID-19 but police weren’t granted Stasi-like powers during the flu season. Millions of people weren’t confined to their homes and threatened with AUS$5,000 fines for not having a good reason for being out of their homes.

At an August 19th press conference, Australia’s second most senior medical officer said the government would be discussing measures such as banning restaurants, international travel, public transport, and withholding government programs through “No Jab No Pay” in order to coerce vaccine resisters.

An August 13 article on LifeSiteNews quoted Father Glen Tattersall, a Catholic parish priest in Melbourne, who said the draconian provisions “simply cannot be justified on a scientific basis”:

We have a curfew from 8 pm to 5 am, rigorously enforced including by the use of police helicopters and search lights. Is the virus a vampire that just comes out at night? Or the wearing of masks: they must be worn everywhere outside, even in a park where you are nowhere near any other person. Why? Does the virus leap hundreds of metres through the air? This is all about inducing mass fear, and humiliating the populace by demanding external compliance.

Why the strict curfew? Curfews have been implemented recently in the US to deter violence during protests, but no violence of that sort was reported in Melbourne. What was reported, at least on social media, were planes landing in the night from ‎the Chinese province of Guandong carrying equipment related to 5G and the Chinese biometric social credit system, which was reportedly being installed under a blanket of secrecy.

Angelo Codevilla, professor emeritus at Boston University, concluded in an August 13th article, “We are living through a coup d’état based on the oldest of ploys: declaring emergencies, suspending law and rights, and issuing arbitrary rules of behavior to excuse taking ‘full powers’.”

Questioning the Narrative

Melbourne has gone to extremes with its lockdown measures, but it could portend things to come globally. Lockdowns were originally sold to the public as being necessary just for a couple of weeks to “flatten the curve,” to prevent hospital overcrowding from COVID-19 cases. It has now been over five months, with self-appointed vaccine czar Bill Gates intoning that we will not be able to return to “normal” until the entire global population of 7 billion people has been vaccinated. He has since backed off on the numbers, but commentators everywhere are reiterating that lockdowns are the “new normal,” which could last for years.

All this is such a radical curtailment of our civil liberties that we need to look closely at the evidence justifying it; and when we do, that evidence is weak. The isolation policies were triggered by estimates from the Imperial College London of 510,000 UK deaths and 2.2 million US deaths, more than 10 times the actual death rate from COVID-19. A Stanford University antibody study estimated that the fatality rate if infected was only about 0.1 to 0.2 percent; and in an August 4th blog post, Bill Gates himself acknowledged that the death rate was only 0.14 percent, not much higher than for the flu. But restrictive measures have gotten more onerous rather than less as the mortality figures have been revised downward.

A July 2020 UK study from Loughborough and Sheffield Universities found that government policy over the lockdown period has actually increased mortality rather than reducing it, after factoring in collateral damage including deaths from cancers and other serious diseases that are being left untreated, a dramatic increase in suicides and drug overdose, and poverty and malnourishment due to unemployment. Globally, according to UNICEF, 1.2 million child deaths are expected as a direct result of the lockdowns. A data analyst in South Africa asserts that the consequences of the country’s lockdown will lead to 29 times more deaths than from the coronavirus itself.

Countries and states that did very little to restrict their populations, including Sweden and South Dakota, have fared as well as or better overall than locked down US states. In an August 12th article in The UK Telegraph titled “Sweden’s Success Shows the True Cost of Our Arrogant, Failed Establishment,” Allister Heath writes:

Sweden got it largely right, and the British establishment catastrophically wrong. Anders Tegnell, Stockholm’s epidemiologist-​king, has pulled off a remarkable triple whammy: far fewer deaths per capita than Britain, a maintenance of basic freedoms and opportunities, including schooling, and, most strikingly, a recession less than half as severe as our own.

Not restraining the populace has allowed Sweden’s curve to taper off naturally through “herd immunity,” with daily deaths down to single digits for the last month. (See chart.)

The Pandemic That Wasn’t?

Also bringing the official narrative into question is the unreliability of the tests on which the lockdowns have been based. In a Wired interview, even Bill Gates acknowledged that most US test results are “garbage.” The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technology used in the nasal swab test is considered the “gold standard” for COVID-19 detection; yet the PCR test was regarded by its own inventor, Nobel prize winner Kary Mullis, as inappropriate to detect viral infection. In a detailed June 27th analysis titled “COVID-19 PCR Tests Are Scientifically Meaningless,” Torsten Engelbrecht and Konstantin Demeter conclude:

Without doubt eventual excess mortality rates are caused by the therapy and by the lockdown measures, while the “COVID-19” death statistics comprise also patients who died of a variety of diseases, redefined as COVID-19 only because of a “positive” test result whose value could not be more doubtful.

The authors discussed a January 2007 New York Times article titled “Faith in Quick Test Leads to Epidemic That Wasn’t,” describing an apparent whooping cough epidemic in a New Hampshire hospital. The epidemic was verified by preliminary PCR tests given to nearly 1,000 healthcare workers, who were subsequently furloughed. Eight months later, the “epidemic” was found to be a false alarm. Not a single case of whooping cough was confirmed by the “gold standard” test – growing pertussis bacteria in the laboratory. All of the cases found through the PCR test were false positives.

Yet “test, test, test” was the message proclaimed for all countries by WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom at a media briefing on March 16, 2020, five days after WHO officially declared COVID-19; and the test recommended as the gold standard was the PCR. Why, when it had already been demonstrated to be unreliable, creating false positives that gave the appearance of an epidemic when there was none? Or was that the goal – to create the appearance of a pandemic, one so vast that the global economy had to be brought to a standstill until a vaccine could be found? Recall Prof. Codevilla’s conclusion: “We are living through a coup d’état based on the oldest of ploys: declaring emergencies, suspending law and rights, and issuing arbitrary rules of behavior to excuse taking ‘full powers’.”

People desperate to get back to work will not only submit to a largely untested vaccine but will agree to surveillance measures that would have been considered a flagrant violation of their civil rights if those rights had not been overridden by a “national emergency” justifying preemption by the police powers of the state. They will agree to get “immunity passports” in order to travel and participate in group activities, and they will submit to quarantines, curfews, contact tracings, social credit scores and informing on the neighbors. The emergency must be kept going to justify these unprecedented violations of their liberties, in which decision-making is removed from elected representatives and handed to unelected bureaucrats and technocrats.

A national health crisis also a necessary prerequisite for relief from liability for personal injuries from the drugs and other products deployed in response to the crisis. Under the 2005 Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREPA), in the event of a declared public health emergency, manufacturers are shielded from tort liability for injuries both from the vaccines and from invalid or invasive tests. Compensation for personal injuries is a massive expense for drug companies, and the potential profits from a product free of that downside are a gold mine for pharmaceutical companies and investors. The liabilities will be borne by the taxpayers and the victims.

All this, however, presupposes both an existing public health emergency and no effective treatment to defuse it. That helps explain the otherwise inexplicable war on hydroxychloroquine, a safe drug that has been in use and available over the counter for 65 years and has been shown to be effective in multiple studies when used early in combination with zinc and an antibiotic. A table prepared by the American Association of Physicians and Surgeons (below) found that the US has nearly 30 times as many deaths per capita as countries making early and prophylactic use of hydroxychloroquine.

The latest international testing of hydroxychloroquine treatment of coronavirus shows countries that had early use of the drug had a 79% lower mortality rate than countries that banned the use of the safe malaria drug. Lowering the US mortality rate by 79% could have saved over 100,000 lives. But an effective, inexpensive COVID-19 treatment would mean the end of the alleged pandemic and the vaccine bonanza it purports to justify.

The need to maintain the appearance of a pandemic also explains the inflated reports of cases and deaths. Hospitals have been rewarded with increased fees for reclassifying cases as COVID-19. As deaths declined in the US, the numbers of cases reported by the Centers for Disease Control were also gamed to make it appear that America was in a “second wave” of a pandemic. The reporting criterion was changed on May 18 from people who tested positive for the virus only to people who tested positive for either the virus or its antibodies. The exploding numbers thus include people who have recovered from COVID-19 as well as false positives. The Loughborough and Sheffield researchers found that when controlling for other factors affecting mortality, actual deaths due to COVID-19 are 54% to 63% lower than implied by the standard excess deaths measure.

Ushering in “The Great Reset”

Forcing compliance with global vaccine mandates is one obvious motive for maintaining the appearance of an ongoing pandemic, but what would be the motive for destroying the global economy with forced lockdowns? What is behind the “agenda to destroy Western society” suspected by Australian commentator Alan Jones?

Evidently it is this: destroying the old is necessary to usher in the new. Global economic destruction paves the way for the “Great Reset” now being promoted by the World Economic Forum, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the International Monetary Fund and other big global players.

Although cast as arising from the pandemic, the “global economic reset” is a concept that was floated as early as 2014 by Christine Lagarde, then head of the IMF, and is said to be a recharacterization of the “New World Order” discussed long before that. It was promoted as a solution to the ongoing economic crisis triggered in 2008.

The World Economic Forum – that elite group of businessmen, politicians and academics that meets in Davos, Switzerland, every January – announced in June that the Great Reset would be the theme of its 2021 Summit. Klaus Schwab, founder of the Forum, admonished:

The world must act jointly and swiftly to revamp all aspects of our societies and economies, from education to social contracts and working conditions. Every country, from the United States to China, must participate, and every industry, from oil and gas to tech, must be transformed.

No country will be allowed to opt out because it would be endangering the rest, just as no person will be allowed to escape the COVID-19 vaccine for the same reason.

Who is behind the Great Reset and what it really entails are major questions that need their own article, but suffice it to say here that to escape the trap of the globalist agenda, we need a mass awakening to what is really going on and collective resistance to it while there is still time. There are hopeful signs that this is happening, including massive protests against economic shutdowns and restrictions, particularly in Europe; a rash of lawsuits challenging the constitutionality of the lockdowns and of police power overreach; and a flood of alternative media exposés despite widespread censorship.

Life as we know it will change. We need to ensure that it changes in ways that serve the people and the productive economy, while preserving our national sovereignty and hard-won personal freedoms.

Ellen Brown is an attorney, chair of the Public Banking Institute and author of thirteen books, including her latest, Banking on the People: Democratizing Money in the Digital Age. She also co-hosts a radio program on PRN.FM called “It’s Our Money.” Her 300+ blog articles are posted at EllenBrown.com.

(Republished from Web of Debt by permission of author or representative)

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  1. This article is truly insane. The author states that:

    Without doubt eventual excess mortality rates are caused by the therapy and by the lockdown measures, while the “COVID-19” death statistics comprise also patients who died of a variety of diseases, redefined as COVID-19 only because of a “positive” test result whose value could not be more doubtful.

    And, at the same time, she states that:

    The latest international testing of hydroxychloroquine treatment of coronavirus shows countries that had early use of the drug had a 79% lower mortality rate than countries that banned the use of the safe malaria drug.

    In other words, the disease is imaginary, but there is a drug that is effective for treating it.

    The conspiracy is twofold: they invented a disease and concealed the truth about the drug that can cure it. You just can’t make this up.

    • Agree: Saggy
    • Troll: Kali
    REPLYAGREE/DISAGREE/ETC. THIS COMMENTER THIS THREAD HIDE THREAD
  2. Fake virus, fake tests and fake numbers. Covid 19 is just the latest of these scams. A partial list includes H1N1, H5N1, Bird Flu, Swine Flu and then AIDS epidemic (see Peter Duesberg on this) where as CDC criminal Debra Brix has stated “we have told the hospitals to tag everything possible as Covid 19.” They also get paid a lot more money. Covid 19 has not been identified by the standard pathogen test, the Koch’s Postulate test or any serious scientific test because they can’t. The PCR test gives 200 false positives, or ap. 82%, does not distinguish different Corona’s (the inventor said it will not detect Coronas) and is not quantitative.

    This scam has been used as a cover for another massive theft by the banking cartel for their buddies on Wall St. and is also used to condition the goyim to give up their natural God given constitutional rights using a bogus fear campaign. The state Governors cannot make laws and the same people that make the laws cannot enforce them under the U.S. constitution. The states are guaranteed a republican form of government not a dictatorship. The mandates to wear face diapers and close businesses and isolate (CIA derived tactic) cannot be legally enforced in the U.S. and all businesses including restaurants and bars need to nullify these illegal mandates.

    This particular scam was exposed in 2014 by a journalist as originating from the Rockefeller Foundation documents of 2012 -video below. Also video on phony face mask fraud.


    https://www.bitchute.com/video/HrZ6AWG9vrXN/

Hollie Greig Justice. The Fight Goes On!

HollieGreigJustice : https://holliegreigjustice.co.uk/

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Against School – John Taylor Gatto

Download PDF:  John Taylor Gatto – Against school. The Six Purposes of Schooling

How public education cripples our kids, and why

I taught for thirty years in some of the worst schools in Manhattan, and in some of the best, and during that time I became an expert in boredom. Boredom was everywhere in my world, and if you asked the kids, as I often did, why they felt so bored, they always gave the same answers: They said the work was stupid, that it made no sense, that they already knew it. They said they wanted to be doing something real, not just sitting around. They said teachers didn’t seem to know much about their subjects and clearly weren’t interested in learning more. And the kids were right: their teachers were every bit as bored as they were.

Boredom is the common condition of schoolteachers, and anyone who has spent time in a teachers’ lounge can vouch for the low energy, the whining, the dispirited attitudes, to be found there. When asked why they feel bored, the teachers tend to blame the kids, as you might expect. Who wouldn’t get bored teaching students who are rude and interested only in grades? If even that. Of course, teachers are themselves products of the same twelve-year compulsory school programs that so thoroughly bore their students, and as school personnel they are trapped inside structures even more rigid than those imposed upon the children. Who, then, is to blame?

We all are. My grandfather taught me that. One afternoon when I was seven I complained to him of boredom, and he batted me hard on the head. He told me that I was never to use that term in his presence again, that if I was bored it was my fault and no one else’s. The obligation to amuse and instruct myself was entirely my own, and people who didn’t know that were childish people, to be avoided if possible. Certainly not to be trusted. That episode cured me of boredom forever, and here and there over the years I was able to pass on the lesson to some remarkable student. For the most part, however, I found it futile to challenge the official notion that boredom and childishness were the natural state of affairs in the classroom. Often I had to defy custom, and even bend the law, to help kids break out of this trap.

The empire struck back, of course; childish adults regularly conflate opposition with disloyalty. I once returned from a medical leave to discover that all evidence of my having been granted the leave had been purposely destroyed, that my job had been terminated, and that I no longer possessed even a teaching license. After nine months of tormented effort I was able to retrieve the license when a school secretary testified to witnessing the plot unfold. In the meantime my family suffered more than I care to remember. By the time I finally retired in 1991, I had more than enough reason to think of our schools – with their long-term, cell-block-style, forced confinement of both students and teachers – as virtual factories of childishness. Yet I honestly could not see why they had to be that way. My own experience had revealed to me what many other teachers must learn along the way, too, yet keep to themselves for fear of reprisal: if we wanted to we could easily and inexpensively jettison the old, stupid structures and help kids take an education rather than merely receive a schooling. We could encourage the best qualities of youthfulness – curiosity, adventure, resilience, the capacity for surprising insight – simply by being more flexible about time, texts, and tests, by introducing kids to truly competent adults, and by giving each student what autonomy he or she needs in order to take a risk every now and then.

But we don’t do that. And the more I asked why not, and persisted in thinking about the “problem” of schooling as an engineer might, the more I missed the point: What if there is no “problem” with our schools? What if they are the way they are, so expensively flying in the face of common sense and long experience in how children learn things, not because they are doing something wrong but because they are doing something right? Is it possible that George W. Bush accidentally spoke the truth when he said we would “leave no child behind”? Could it be that our schools are designed to make sure not one of them ever really grows up?

 

Do we really need school? I don’t mean education, just forced schooling: six classes a day, five days a week, nine months a year, for twelve years. Is this deadly routine really necessary? And if so, for what? Don’t hide behind reading, writing, and arithmetic as a rationale, because 2 million happy homeschoolers have surely put that banal justification to rest. Even if they hadn’t, a considerable number of well-known Americans never went through the twelve-year wringer our kids currently go through, and they turned out all right. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln? Someone taught them, to be sure, but they were not products of a school system, and not one of them was ever “graduated” from a secondary school. Throughout most of American history, kids generally didn’t go to high school, yet the unschooled rose to be admirals, like Farragut; inventors, like Edison; captains of industry, like Carnegie and Rockefeller; writers, like Melville and Twain and Conrad; and even scholars, like Margaret Mead. In fact, until pretty recently people who reached the age of thirteen weren’t looked upon as children at all. Ariel Durant, who co-wrote an enormous, and very good, multivolume history of the world with her husband, Will, was happily married at fifteen, and who could reasonably claim that Ariel Durant was an uneducated person? Unschooled, perhaps, but not uneducated.

We have been taught (that is, schooled) in this country to think of “success” as synonymous with, or at least dependent upon, “schooling,” but historically that isn’t true in either an intellectual or a financial sense. And plenty of people throughout the world today find a way to educate themselves without resorting to a system of compulsory secondary schools that all too often resemble prisons. Why, then, do Americans confuse education with just such a system? What exactly is the purpose of our public schools?

Mass schooling of a compulsory nature really got its teeth into the United States between 1905 and 1915, though it was conceived of much earlier and pushed for throughout most of the nineteenth century. The reason given for this enormous upheaval of family life and cultural traditions was, roughly speaking, threefold:
1) To make good people.
2) To make good citizens.
3) To make each person his or her personal best.

These goals are still trotted out today on a regular basis, and most of us accept them in one form or another as a decent definition of public education’s mission, however short schools actually fall in achieving them. But we are dead wrong. Compounding our error is the fact that the national literature holds numerous and surprisingly consistent statements of compulsory schooling’s true purpose. We have, for example, the great H. L. Mencken, who wrote in The American Mercury for April 1924 that the aim of public education is not

to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence. . . . Nothing could be further from the truth. The aim.. . is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardized citizenry, to put down dissent and originality. That is its aim in the United States . . . and that is its aim everywhere else.

Because of Mencken’s reputation as a satirist, we might be tempted to dismiss this passage as a bit of hyperbolic sarcasm. His article, however, goes on to trace the template for our own educational system back to the now vanished, though never to be forgotten, military state of Prussia. And although he was certainly aware of the irony that we had recently been at war with Germany, the heir to Prussian thought and culture, Mencken was being perfectly serious here. Our educational system really is Prussian in origin, and that really is cause for concern.

The odd fact of a Prussian provenance for our schools pops up again and again once you know to look for it. William James alluded to it many times at the turn of the century. Orestes Brownson, the hero of Christopher Lasch’s 1991 book, The True and Only Heaven, was publicly denouncing the Prussianization of American schools back in the 1840s. Horace Mann’s “Seventh Annual Report” to the Massachusetts State Board of Education in 1843 is essentially a paean to the land of Frederick the Great and a call for its schooling to be brought here. That Prussian culture loomed large in America is hardly surprising, given our early association with that utopian state. A Prussian served as Washington’s aide during the Revolutionary War, and so many German- speaking people had settled here by 1795 that Congress considered publishing a German-language edition of the federal laws. But what shocks is that we should so eagerly have adopted one of the very worst aspects of Prussian culture: an educational system deliberately designed to produce mediocre intellects, to hamstring the inner life, to deny students appreciable leadership skills, and to ensure docile and incomplete citizens – all in order to render the populace “manageable.”

 

It was from James Bryant Conant – president of Harvard for twenty years, WWI poison-gas specialist, WWII executive on the atomic-bomb project, high commissioner of the American zone in Germany after WWII, and truly one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century – that I first got wind of the real purposes of American schooling. Without Conant, we would probably not have the same style and degree of standardized testing that we enjoy today, nor would we be blessed with gargantuan high schools that warehouse 2,000 to 4,000 students at a time, like the famous Columbine High in Littleton, Colorado. Shortly after I retired from teaching I picked up Conant’s 1959 book-length essay, The Child the Parent and the State, and was more than a little intrigued to see him mention in passing that the modern schools we attend were the result of a “revolution” engineered between 1905 and 1930. A revolution? He declines to elaborate, but he does direct the curious and the uninformed to Alexander Inglis’s 1918 book, Principles of Secondary Education, in which “one saw this revolution through the eyes of a revolutionary.”

Inglis, for whom a lecture in education at Harvard is named, makes it perfectly clear that compulsory schooling on this continent was intended to be just what it had been for Prussia in the 1820s: a fifth column into the burgeoning democratic movement that threatened to give the peasants and the proletarians a voice at the bargaining table. Modern, industrialized, compulsory schooling was to make a sort of surgical incision into the prospective unity of these underclasses. Divide children by subject, by age-grading, by constant rankings on tests, and by many other more subtle means, and it was unlikely that the ignorant mass of mankind, separated in childhood, would ever reintegrate into a dangerous whole.

Inglis breaks down the purpose – the actual purpose – of modem schooling into six basic functions, any one of which is enough to curl the hair of those innocent enough to believe the three traditional goals listed earlier:

1) The adjustive or adaptive function. Schools are to establish fixed habits of reaction to authority. This, of course, precludes critical judgment completely. It also pretty much destroys the idea that useful or interesting material should be taught, because you can’t test for reflexive obedience until you know whether you can make kids learn, and do, foolish and boring things.

2) The integrating function. This might well be called “the conformity function,” because its intention is to make children as alike as possible. People who conform are predictable, and this is of great use to those who wish to harness and manipulate a large labor force.

3) The diagnostic and directive function. School is meant to determine each student’s proper social role. This is done by logging evidence mathematically and anecdotally on cumulative records. As in “your permanent record.” Yes, you do have one.

4) The differentiating function. Once their social role has been “diagnosed,” children are to be sorted by role and trained only so far as their destination in the social machine merits – and not one step further. So much for making kids their personal best.

5) The selective function. This refers not to human choice at all but to Darwin’s theory of natural selection as applied to what he called “the favored races.” In short, the idea is to help things along by consciously attempting to improve the breeding stock. Schools are meant to tag the unfit – with poor grades, remedial placement, and other punishments – clearly enough that their peers will accept them as inferior and effectively bar them from the reproductive sweepstakes. That’s what all those little humiliations from first grade onward were intended to do: wash the dirt down the drain.

6) The propaedeutic function. The societal system implied by these rules will require an elite group of caretakers. To that end, a small fraction of the kids will quietly be taught how to manage this continuing project, how to watch over and control a population deliberately dumbed down and declawed in order that government might proceed unchallenged and corporations might never want for obedient labor.

That, unfortunately, is the purpose of mandatory public education in this country. And lest you take Inglis for an isolated crank with a rather too cynical take on the educational enterprise, you should know that he was hardly alone in championing these ideas. Conant himself, building on the ideas of Horace Mann and others, campaigned tirelessly for an American school system designed along the same lines. Men like George Peabody, who funded the cause of mandatory schooling throughout the South, surely understood that the Prussian system was useful in creating not only a harmless electorate and a servile labor force but also a virtual herd of mindless consumers. In time a great number of industrial titans came to recognize the enormous profits to be had by cultivating and tending just such a herd via public education, among them Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller.

 

There you have it. Now you know. We don’t need Karl Marx’s conception of a grand warfare between the classes to see that it is in the interest of complex management, economic or political, to dumb people down, to demoralize them, to divide them from one another, and to discard them if they don’t conform. Class may frame the proposition, as when Woodrow Wilson, then president of Princeton University, said the following to the New York City School Teachers Association in 1909: “We want one class of persons to have a liberal education, and we want another class of persons, a very much larger class, of necessity, in every society, to forgo the privileges of a liberal education and fit themselves to perform specific difficult manual tasks.” But the motives behind the disgusting decisions that bring about these ends need not be class-based at all. They can stem purely from fear, or from the by now familiar belief that “efficiency” is the paramount virtue, rather than love, liberty, laughter, or hope. Above all, they can stem from simple greed.

There were vast fortunes to be made, after all, in an economy based on mass production and organized to favor the large corporation rather than the small business or the family farm. But mass production required mass consumption, and at the turn of the twentieth century most Americans considered it both unnatural and unwise to buy things they didn’t actually need. Mandatory schooling was a godsend on that count. School didn’t have to train kids in any direct sense to think they should consume nonstop, because it did something even better: it encouraged them not to think at all. And that left them sitting ducks for another great invention of the modem era – marketing.

Now, you needn’t have studied marketing to know that there are two groups of people who can always be convinced to consume more than they need to: addicts and children. School has done a pretty good job of turning our children into addicts, but it has done a spectacular job of turning our children into children. Again, this is no accident. Theorists from Plato to Rousseau to our own Dr. Inglis knew that if children could be cloistered with other children, stripped of responsibility and independence, encouraged to develop only the trivializing emotions of greed, envy, jealousy, and fear, they would grow older but never truly grow up. In the 1934 edition of his once well-known book Public Education in the United States, Ellwood P. Cubberley detailed and praised the way the strategy of successive school enlargements had extended childhood by two to six years, and forced schooling was at that point still quite new. This same Cubberley – who was dean of Stanford’s School of Education, a textbook editor at Houghton Mifflin, and Conant’s friend and correspondent at Harvard – had written the following in the 1922 edition of his book Public School Administration: “Our schools are . . . factories in which the raw products (children) are to be shaped and fashioned.. . . And it is the business of the school to build its pupils according to the specifications laid down.”

It’s perfectly obvious from our society today what those specifications were. Maturity has by now been banished from nearly every aspect of our lives. Easy divorce laws have removed the need to work at relationships; easy credit has removed the need for fiscal self-control; easy entertainment has removed the need to learn to entertain oneself; easy answers have removed the need to ask questions. We have become a nation of children, happy to surrender our judgments and our wills to political exhortations and commercial blandishments that would insult actual adults. We buy televisions, and then we buy the things we see on the television. We buy computers, and then we buy the things we see on the computer. We buy $150 sneakers whether we need them or not, and when they fall apart too soon we buy another pair. We drive SUVs and believe the lie that they constitute a kind of life insurance, even when we’re upside-down in them. And, worst of all, we don’t bat an eye when Ari Fleischer tells us to “be careful what you say,” even if we remember having been told somewhere back in school that America is the land of the free. We simply buy that one too. Our schooling, as intended, has seen to it.

Now for the good news. Once you understand the logic behind modern schooling, its tricks and traps are fairly easy to avoid. School trains children to be employees and consumers; teach your own to be leaders and adventurers. School trains children to obey reflexively; teach your own to think critically and independently. Well-schooled kids have a low threshold for boredom; help your own to develop an inner life so that they’ll never be bored. Urge them to take on the serious material, the grown-up material, in history, literature, philosophy, music, art, economics, theology – all the stuff schoolteachers know well enough to avoid. Challenge your kids with plenty of solitude so that they can learn to enjoy their own company, to conduct inner dialogues. Well-schooled people are conditioned to dread being alone, and they seek constant companionship through the TV, the computer, the cell phone, and through shallow friendships quickly acquired and quickly abandoned. Your children should have a more meaningful life, and they can.

First, though, we must wake up to what our schools really are: laboratories of experimentation on young minds, drill centers for the habits and attitudes that corporate society demands. Mandatory education serves children only incidentally; its real purpose is to turn them into servants. Don’t let your own have their childhoods extended, not even for a day. If David Farragut could take command of a captured British warship as a preteen, if Thomas Edison could publish a broadsheet at the age of twelve, if Ben Franklin could apprentice himself to a printer at the same age (then put himself through a course of study that would choke a Yale senior today), there’s no telling what your own kids could do. After a long life, and thirty years in the public school trenches, I’ve concluded that genius is as common as dirt. We suppress our genius only because we haven’t yet figured out how to manage a population of educated men and women. The solution, I think, is simple and glorious. Let them manage themselves.

**  09/2003 Harper’s Magazine.

John Taylor Gatto is a former New York State and New York City Teacher of the Year and the author, most recently, of The Underground History of American Education. He was a participant in the Harper’s Magazine forum “School on a Hill,” which appeared in the September 2001 issue. You can find his web site here.

FAIR USE NOTICE:
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. I am making such material available in my efforts to advance understanding of issues of environmental and humanitarian significance. I believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

 

I taught for thirty years in some of the worst schools in Manhattan, and in some of the best, and during that time I became an expert in boredom. Boredom was everywhere in my world, and if you asked the kids, as I often did, why they felt so bored, they always gave the same answers: They said the work was stupid, that it made no sense, that they already knew it. They said they wanted to be doing something real, not just sitting around. They said teachers didn’t seem to know much about their subjects and clearly weren’t interested in learning more. And the kids were right: their teachers were every bit as bored as they were.

Boredom is the common condition of schoolteachers, and anyone who has spent time in a teachers’ lounge can vouch for the low energy, the whining, the dispirited attitudes, to be found there. When asked why they feel bored, the teachers tend to blame the kids, as you might expect. Who wouldn’t get bored teaching students who are rude and interested only in grades? If even that. Of course, teachers are themselves products of the same twelve-year compulsory school programs that so thoroughly bore their students, and as school personnel they are trapped inside structures even more rigid than those imposed upon the children. Who, then, is to blame?

We all are. My grandfather taught me that. One afternoon when I was seven I complained to him of boredom, and he batted me hard on the head. He told me that I was never to use that term in his presence again, that if I was bored it was my fault and no one else’s. The obligation to amuse and instruct myself was entirely my own, and people who didn’t know that were childish people, to be avoided if possible. Certainly not to be trusted. That episode cured me of boredom forever, and here and there over the years I was able to pass on the lesson to some remarkable student. For the most part, however, I found it futile to challenge the official notion that boredom and childishness were the natural state of affairs in the classroom. Often I had to defy custom, and even bend the law, to help kids break out of this trap.

The empire struck back, of course; childish adults regularly conflate opposition with disloyalty. I once returned from a medical leave to discover that all evidence of my having been granted the leave had been purposely destroyed, that my job had been terminated, and that I no longer possessed even a teaching license. After nine months of tormented effort I was able to retrieve the license when a school secretary testified to witnessing the plot unfold. In the meantime my family suffered more than I care to remember. By the time I finally retired in 1991, I had more than enough reason to think of our schools – with their long-term, cell-block-style, forced confinement of both students and teachers – as virtual factories of childishness. Yet I honestly could not see why they had to be that way. My own experience had revealed to me what many other teachers must learn along the way, too, yet keep to themselves for fear of reprisal: if we wanted to we could easily and inexpensively jettison the old, stupid structures and help kids take an education rather than merely receive a schooling. We could encourage the best qualities of youthfulness – curiosity, adventure, resilience, the capacity for surprising insight – simply by being more flexible about time, texts, and tests, by introducing kids to truly competent adults, and by giving each student what autonomy he or she needs in order to take a risk every now and then.

But we don’t do that. And the more I asked why not, and persisted in thinking about the “problem” of schooling as an engineer might, the more I missed the point: What if there is no “problem” with our schools? What if they are the way they are, so expensively flying in the face of common sense and long experience in how children learn things, not because they are doing something wrong but because they are doing something right? Is it possible that George W. Bush accidentally spoke the truth when he said we would “leave no child behind”? Could it be that our schools are designed to make sure not one of them ever really grows up?

 

Do we really need school? I don’t mean education, just forced schooling: six classes a day, five days a week, nine months a year, for twelve years. Is this deadly routine really necessary? And if so, for what? Don’t hide behind reading, writing, and arithmetic as a rationale, because 2 million happy homeschoolers have surely put that banal justification to rest. Even if they hadn’t, a considerable number of well-known Americans never went through the twelve-year wringer our kids currently go through, and they turned out all right. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln? Someone taught them, to be sure, but they were not products of a school system, and not one of them was ever “graduated” from a secondary school. Throughout most of American history, kids generally didn’t go to high school, yet the unschooled rose to be admirals, like Farragut; inventors, like Edison; captains of industry, like Carnegie and Rockefeller; writers, like Melville and Twain and Conrad; and even scholars, like Margaret Mead. In fact, until pretty recently people who reached the age of thirteen weren’t looked upon as children at all. Ariel Durant, who co-wrote an enormous, and very good, multivolume history of the world with her husband, Will, was happily married at fifteen, and who could reasonably claim that Ariel Durant was an uneducated person? Unschooled, perhaps, but not uneducated.

We have been taught (that is, schooled) in this country to think of “success” as synonymous with, or at least dependent upon, “schooling,” but historically that isn’t true in either an intellectual or a financial sense. And plenty of people throughout the world today find a way to educate themselves without resorting to a system of compulsory secondary schools that all too often resemble prisons. Why, then, do Americans confuse education with just such a system? What exactly is the purpose of our public schools?

Mass schooling of a compulsory nature really got its teeth into the United States between 1905 and 1915, though it was conceived of much earlier and pushed for throughout most of the nineteenth century. The reason given for this enormous upheaval of family life and cultural traditions was, roughly speaking, threefold:
1) To make good people.
2) To make good citizens.
3) To make each person his or her personal best.

These goals are still trotted out today on a regular basis, and most of us accept them in one form or another as a decent definition of public education’s mission, however short schools actually fall in achieving them. But we are dead wrong. Compounding our error is the fact that the national literature holds numerous and surprisingly consistent statements of compulsory schooling’s true purpose. We have, for example, the great H. L. Mencken, who wrote in The American Mercury for April 1924 that the aim of public education is not

to fill the young of the species with knowledge and awaken their intelligence. . . . Nothing could be further from the truth. The aim.. . is simply to reduce as many individuals as possible to the same safe level, to breed and train a standardized citizenry, to put down dissent and originality. That is its aim in the United States . . . and that is its aim everywhere else.

Because of Mencken’s reputation as a satirist, we might be tempted to dismiss this passage as a bit of hyperbolic sarcasm. His article, however, goes on to trace the template for our own educational system back to the now vanished, though never to be forgotten, military state of Prussia. And although he was certainly aware of the irony that we had recently been at war with Germany, the heir to Prussian thought and culture, Mencken was being perfectly serious here. Our educational system really is Prussian in origin, and that really is cause for concern.

The odd fact of a Prussian provenance for our schools pops up again and again once you know to look for it. William James alluded to it many times at the turn of the century. Orestes Brownson, the hero of Christopher Lasch’s 1991 book, The True and Only Heaven, was publicly denouncing the Prussianization of American schools back in the 1840s. Horace Mann’s “Seventh Annual Report” to the Massachusetts State Board of Education in 1843 is essentially a paean to the land of Frederick the Great and a call for its schooling to be brought here. That Prussian culture loomed large in America is hardly surprising, given our early association with that utopian state. A Prussian served as Washington’s aide during the Revolutionary War, and so many German- speaking people had settled here by 1795 that Congress considered publishing a German-language edition of the federal laws. But what shocks is that we should so eagerly have adopted one of the very worst aspects of Prussian culture: an educational system deliberately designed to produce mediocre intellects, to hamstring the inner life, to deny students appreciable leadership skills, and to ensure docile and incomplete citizens – all in order to render the populace “manageable.”

 

It was from James Bryant Conant – president of Harvard for twenty years, WWI poison-gas specialist, WWII executive on the atomic-bomb project, high commissioner of the American zone in Germany after WWII, and truly one of the most influential figures of the twentieth century – that I first got wind of the real purposes of American schooling. Without Conant, we would probably not have the same style and degree of standardized testing that we enjoy today, nor would we be blessed with gargantuan high schools that warehouse 2,000 to 4,000 students at a time, like the famous Columbine High in Littleton, Colorado. Shortly after I retired from teaching I picked up Conant’s 1959 book-length essay, The Child the Parent and the State, and was more than a little intrigued to see him mention in passing that the modern schools we attend were the result of a “revolution” engineered between 1905 and 1930. A revolution? He declines to elaborate, but he does direct the curious and the uninformed to Alexander Inglis’s 1918 book, Principles of Secondary Education, in which “one saw this revolution through the eyes of a revolutionary.”

Inglis, for whom a lecture in education at Harvard is named, makes it perfectly clear that compulsory schooling on this continent was intended to be just what it had been for Prussia in the 1820s: a fifth column into the burgeoning democratic movement that threatened to give the peasants and the proletarians a voice at the bargaining table. Modern, industrialized, compulsory schooling was to make a sort of surgical incision into the prospective unity of these underclasses. Divide children by subject, by age-grading, by constant rankings on tests, and by many other more subtle means, and it was unlikely that the ignorant mass of mankind, separated in childhood, would ever reintegrate into a dangerous whole.

Inglis breaks down the purpose – the actual purpose – of modem schooling into six basic functions, any one of which is enough to curl the hair of those innocent enough to believe the three traditional goals listed earlier:

1) The adjustive or adaptive function. Schools are to establish fixed habits of reaction to authority. This, of course, precludes critical judgment completely. It also pretty much destroys the idea that useful or interesting material should be taught, because you can’t test for reflexive obedience until you know whether you can make kids learn, and do, foolish and boring things.

2) The integrating function. This might well be called “the conformity function,” because its intention is to make children as alike as possible. People who conform are predictable, and this is of great use to those who wish to harness and manipulate a large labor force.

3) The diagnostic and directive function. School is meant to determine each student’s proper social role. This is done by logging evidence mathematically and anecdotally on cumulative records. As in “your permanent record.” Yes, you do have one.

4) The differentiating function. Once their social role has been “diagnosed,” children are to be sorted by role and trained only so far as their destination in the social machine merits – and not one step further. So much for making kids their personal best.

5) The selective function. This refers not to human choice at all but to Darwin’s theory of natural selection as applied to what he called “the favored races.” In short, the idea is to help things along by consciously attempting to improve the breeding stock. Schools are meant to tag the unfit – with poor grades, remedial placement, and other punishments – clearly enough that their peers will accept them as inferior and effectively bar them from the reproductive sweepstakes. That’s what all those little humiliations from first grade onward were intended to do: wash the dirt down the drain.

6) The propaedeutic function. The societal system implied by these rules will require an elite group of caretakers. To that end, a small fraction of the kids will quietly be taught how to manage this continuing project, how to watch over and control a population deliberately dumbed down and declawed in order that government might proceed unchallenged and corporations might never want for obedient labor.

That, unfortunately, is the purpose of mandatory public education in this country. And lest you take Inglis for an isolated crank with a rather too cynical take on the educational enterprise, you should know that he was hardly alone in championing these ideas. Conant himself, building on the ideas of Horace Mann and others, campaigned tirelessly for an American school system designed along the same lines. Men like George Peabody, who funded the cause of mandatory schooling throughout the South, surely understood that the Prussian system was useful in creating not only a harmless electorate and a servile labor force but also a virtual herd of mindless consumers. In time a great number of industrial titans came to recognize the enormous profits to be had by cultivating and tending just such a herd via public education, among them Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller.

 

There you have it. Now you know. We don’t need Karl Marx’s conception of a grand warfare between the classes to see that it is in the interest of complex management, economic or political, to dumb people down, to demoralize them, to divide them from one another, and to discard them if they don’t conform. Class may frame the proposition, as when Woodrow Wilson, then president of Princeton University, said the following to the New York City School Teachers Association in 1909: “We want one class of persons to have a liberal education, and we want another class of persons, a very much larger class, of necessity, in every society, to forgo the privileges of a liberal education and fit themselves to perform specific difficult manual tasks.” But the motives behind the disgusting decisions that bring about these ends need not be class-based at all. They can stem purely from fear, or from the by now familiar belief that “efficiency” is the paramount virtue, rather than love, liberty, laughter, or hope. Above all, they can stem from simple greed.

There were vast fortunes to be made, after all, in an economy based on mass production and organized to favor the large corporation rather than the small business or the family farm. But mass production required mass consumption, and at the turn of the twentieth century most Americans considered it both unnatural and unwise to buy things they didn’t actually need. Mandatory schooling was a godsend on that count. School didn’t have to train kids in any direct sense to think they should consume nonstop, because it did something even better: it encouraged them not to think at all. And that left them sitting ducks for another great invention of the modem era – marketing.

Now, you needn’t have studied marketing to know that there are two groups of people who can always be convinced to consume more than they need to: addicts and children. School has done a pretty good job of turning our children into addicts, but it has done a spectacular job of turning our children into children. Again, this is no accident. Theorists from Plato to Rousseau to our own Dr. Inglis knew that if children could be cloistered with other children, stripped of responsibility and independence, encouraged to develop only the trivializing emotions of greed, envy, jealousy, and fear, they would grow older but never truly grow up. In the 1934 edition of his once well-known book Public Education in the United States, Ellwood P. Cubberley detailed and praised the way the strategy of successive school enlargements had extended childhood by two to six years, and forced schooling was at that point still quite new. This same Cubberley – who was dean of Stanford’s School of Education, a textbook editor at Houghton Mifflin, and Conant’s friend and correspondent at Harvard – had written the following in the 1922 edition of his book Public School Administration: “Our schools are . . . factories in which the raw products (children) are to be shaped and fashioned.. . . And it is the business of the school to build its pupils according to the specifications laid down.”

It’s perfectly obvious from our society today what those specifications were. Maturity has by now been banished from nearly every aspect of our lives. Easy divorce laws have removed the need to work at relationships; easy credit has removed the need for fiscal self-control; easy entertainment has removed the need to learn to entertain oneself; easy answers have removed the need to ask questions. We have become a nation of children, happy to surrender our judgments and our wills to political exhortations and commercial blandishments that would insult actual adults. We buy televisions, and then we buy the things we see on the television. We buy computers, and then we buy the things we see on the computer. We buy $150 sneakers whether we need them or not, and when they fall apart too soon we buy another pair. We drive SUVs and believe the lie that they constitute a kind of life insurance, even when we’re upside-down in them. And, worst of all, we don’t bat an eye when Ari Fleischer tells us to “be careful what you say,” even if we remember having been told somewhere back in school that America is the land of the free. We simply buy that one too. Our schooling, as intended, has seen to it.

Now for the good news. Once you understand the logic behind modern schooling, its tricks and traps are fairly easy to avoid. School trains children to be employees and consumers; teach your own to be leaders and adventurers. School trains children to obey reflexively; teach your own to think critically and independently. Well-schooled kids have a low threshold for boredom; help your own to develop an inner life so that they’ll never be bored. Urge them to take on the serious material, the grown-up material, in history, literature, philosophy, music, art, economics, theology – all the stuff schoolteachers know well enough to avoid. Challenge your kids with plenty of solitude so that they can learn to enjoy their own company, to conduct inner dialogues. Well-schooled people are conditioned to dread being alone, and they seek constant companionship through the TV, the computer, the cell phone, and through shallow friendships quickly acquired and quickly abandoned. Your children should have a more meaningful life, and they can.

First, though, we must wake up to what our schools really are: laboratories of experimentation on young minds, drill centers for the habits and attitudes that corporate society demands. Mandatory education serves children only incidentally; its real purpose is to turn them into servants. Don’t let your own have their childhoods extended, not even for a day. If David Farragut could take command of a captured British warship as a preteen, if Thomas Edison could publish a broadsheet at the age of twelve, if Ben Franklin could apprentice himself to a printer at the same age (then put himself through a course of study that would choke a Yale senior today), there’s no telling what your own kids could do. After a long life, and thirty years in the public school trenches, I’ve concluded that genius is as common as dirt. We suppress our genius only because we haven’t yet figured out how to manage a population of educated men and women. The solution, I think, is simple and glorious. Let them manage themselves.

09/2003 Harper’s Magazine.

John Taylor Gatto is a former New York State and New York City Teacher of the Year and the author, most recently, of The Underground History of American Education. He was a participant in the Harper’s Magazine forum “School on a Hill,” which appeared in the September 2001 issue. You can find his web site here.<

FAIR USE NOTICE:
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. I am making such material available in my efforts to advance understanding of issues of environmental and humanitarian significance. I believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

Watch John Taylor Gatto explaining how he came about Inglis’ texts.
“The Six Purposes of Schooling” – John Taylor Gatto

Retired Nurse Blows The Whistle On Attempted Murder By Government Decree

Last week I was contacted my an ex-nurse, who is the son of a retired nurse of 32 years, about what he alleged to be an attempt to murder his mother.

Over the course of the last 48 hours, I have thrice spoken to her [and her devoted husband] about the traumatic ordeal she has survived, involving a despicable and callous attempt to murder her with a cocktail of morphine, statins, neglect. malice and deception.

Here lies a summary of the facts, which the seventy two year old whistle-blower, Janet Ainley [formerly Atkinson], and her husband, Harvey Ainley, delivered to me, with regard to the crimes committed by senior staff on the Team Ward of Wye Valley NHS Hereford County Hospital, who were acting in accordance with government policy.

The powerful credibility of this testimony is not only bolstered by Janet’s 32 years working as an enrolled nurse at staff nurse level, since she also served 23 years on employment tribunals dealing with complex human rights issues and labour laws.

In addition to having been UNISON trade union organiser for her region and twice being elected mayor of Leominster in Hertfordshire, with a completely unblemished record of public service, which is rarer than hen’s teeth in the current epoch.

Everything Janet claims in her backstory, save for her years as an employment tribunal panelist, are confirmed in this Hereford Times article from 05/06/2003.

Cancer Treatment

Not long after the lockdown measures were imposed, Janet was admitted into a private hospital for a rectal cancer investigation. Following which she was transferred to the oncology ward at Cheltenham General Hospital for out-patient radiotherapy, which finished in June 2020.

However, because she suffered chronic sickness and blisters all over the radiated area, causing severe bleeding and intense pain, her family doctor prescribed patches for her arm, which administered the minimum dose of heavy duty pain-killing drug, morphine.

In addition, Janet was prescribed liquid morphine, which she was instructed to use, in the event that the dose from the patch was not strong enough. However, on the only occasion she took the smallest dose of the liquid possible, she had a major adverse reaction.

Within just a few hours, Janet felt all the symptoms of being anesthetized by the heavy opiate and lost control of her body, before suffering from prolonged psychotropic hallucinations and memory holes.

Shortly afterwards, she had a blood test and her potassium level was found to be dangerously high. Since Janet is also insulin dependent, she was admitted on to the Team Ward at Wye Valley NHS Hereford County Hospital, for observation and treatment.

Janet consented to hospitalization on the understanding that her husband, Harvey, had informed the hospital that liquid morphine had proven to cause a severe adverse reaction and should not be prescribed to her again, under any circumstances.

Not only did he make that perfectly clear to the staff on the ward, he did so on a daily basis throughout Janet’s five day stay.

No Duty of Care Fulfilled

From the moment Janet entered the hospital, everything felt wrong.

Firstly, Harvey was refused entry by hostile security staff, when he was trying to deliver everything his wife would need, including her wheelchair, without which she was immobile.

Eventually, somebody came to meet him at the door to pick up her things, but they wouldn’t let him in to see her or tell him what was going on inside the hospital. When he finally managed to get somebody on the end of the intercom from the Team Ward, he stressed to a young receptionist that morphine must not be administered.

However, if he had been allowed on to the ward he would have seen that Janet was almost immediately subdued with enough morphine and statins to make her violently ill with diarrhea, cause her to drift in and out of consciousness, slow down her breathing dramatically and make her dangerously dehydrated.

Even when she was drifting in and out of consciousness, Janet was still very aware of the fact that, save for those she considered to be junior staff, there was no duty of care being fulfilled on the ward.

Moreover, she felt like there was very little, if any, concern shown for her well being by the senior staff. If anything, she felt malice from at least one of the experienced nurses on the ward.

Gross Negligence

Meanwhile, Harvey called the hospital incessantly for three days, during which time he was constantly fobbed off by every member of staff he talked to, none of whom informed him about the condition of his wife’s deteriorating health. Each time he repeated that they must not give Janet morphine.

Nevertheless, for increasingly longer periods each day, Janet was left on her own in a private room on the ward, where she was suffering from chronic sickness because of the morphine and statins her body was evidently being pumped with against her will.

This gradually started shutting down the respiratory function of a woman already suffering from very low blood pressure, hypoglycemia and radiation sickness.

In fact, she was left so long without any care that she had to scream like a banshee, until a few of the staff rushed in with more than minor irritation at being asked to do their jobs.

As they cleaned up the mess, including some incredibly sore blistering caused by Janet’s recent course of radiotherapy, the nurse she accuses of malice deliberately burst one of the blisters on her back, then appeared to be smirking about the pain she had just caused.

Had Janet not been so drugged into passivity, the nurse in question would have felt the wrath of a woman who has more than three decades experience in nursing, as well as more than two decades as panel member in employment tribunals, who knows all about human rights issues and the duty of care incumbent upon every member of NHS staff.

She was even forced to inject herself with her own emergency supply of insulin, after the staff repeatedly failed to administer her daily requirement. Had she not been so diligent, she would simply not have survived to blow the whistle on the crimes committed against her.

Do Not Resuscitate Notice

A consultant came to visit Janet’s ward after three days, with two senior matrons and five of their minions. None of them showed her the slightest bit of compassion, knowing that she was still heavily subdued with the morphine she expressly denied her consent to be given before being admitted on to the ward.

They callously tried to persuade her that her life was coming to an end and that she should sign a Do Not Resuscitate Notice, no doubt intended to be applied once the morphine and statins dose was increased enough to bring on respiratory failure or a coma.

Needless to say, Janet refused to sign the DNR notice, despite continuous further attempts to persuade her by other members of senior staff, some of whom told her that the continuation of her life would be a burden upon her family and the NHS.

Family Intervention

At the end of his patience, Harvey called the family doctor to express his serious concern about not knowing what was happening to his wife. In truth, he was certain she would die if they failed to act decisively.

He explained that he had managed to talk to Janet on the phone for a few minutes, twice a day, for the five days she had been on the ward, but he knew that the only time she had ever been so incoherent was after taking liquid morphine, just before she was admitted into hospital.

The family doctor contacted the ward and told them that there were serious concerns about Janet, who would be much better off being cared for at home by her husband.

This quickly led to Janet discharging herself from the hospital, since when she has been cared for by Harvey at home, during which time her health has greatly improved every day, after deteriorating every moment she spent in hospital.

Curious Discharge

The nature of Janet’s discharge was curious, to say the least, because it was formally objected to by the senior staff on the ward, who strongly advised that she should remain hospitalized, to manage the treatment of a tumor in her liver which did not actually exist.

Furthermore, the discharge was conditional upon the hospital providing all the necessary equipment for home care, including an orthopedic bed and the prescribed medication.

However, Janet and her husband were somewhat shocked when eight senior medical professionals they had never met, arrived without notice at their home, under the pretext of making sure it was fit for home care.

Suspicious Omission

Nevertheless, the copious discharge notes they were given confirm that morphine and statins were administered without discussion or consent, but morphine has be crossed out by hand, with “side effects” being written alongside it.

Firstly, morphine is routinely used on cancer wards to relieve pain, in addition to being given to patients deemed to be travelling down an ‘end of life pathway’, which is where the senior staff were clearly attempting to lead Janet against her will.

Secondly, the side effects she suffered during the five days she was in hospital were identical to those she suffered after taking liquid morphine, just before being admitted on to the ward.

Thirdly, after Janet was discharged, the hospital sent her a job lot of the medication they prescribed for her home care – a case of glass ampules, full of the type of morphine that is only ever injected.

Why would the senior staff on the cancer ward prescribe morphine injections after Janet’s discharge, if they weren’t administering them while she was in hospital?

The only logical answer is that they would not have done so, in which case:

Why did the consultant prescribe morphine without Janet’s consent, after Harvey repeatedly stressed that they must not do so?

The most likely answer to that question is that it was a matter of COVID-1984 government policy.

The Elements of A Heinous Crime

In summary of what Janet and Harvey are alleging against the senior staff on the ward:

1. She was denied all forms of care due to her, as a retired taxpayer who paid into the system her whole working life.

2. She was subdued against her will by morphine and statins, which are routinely given to patients suffering from cancer, in increasingly larger amounts, more often than not leading to respiratory failure or a coma.

3. She was the victim of a concerted attempt to procure her signature on a DNR notice, when she was suffering the ill effects of morphine and statins being administered without her knowledge or consent.

4. She was the victim of an attempt to kill her with prescribed drugs and neglect, which only failed because she had the experience and knowledge to realise what was happening to her and because her husband took action before it was too late.

5. She strongly suspects that the motive which propelled the attempted murderers was the aim of strictly adhering to government lockdown policy of denying care to the over-60’s and facilitating as many premature deaths as possible, in the name of ‘the greater good’.

In other words, Janet and Harvey allege that it was an attempt to murder her, under the authority of a silent but deadly government decree that everybody over sixty is an unnecessary drain on national resources.

More Damning Evidence of Genocide

This damning testimony is the flip-side of the highly censored deposition of the anonymous NHS consultant from a big Surrey hospital, where the same kind of crimes against humanity are expected of all staff, on the threat of never working again in their chosen professions, if they breathe a word of it on social media or to the press.

However, many other healthcare workers are now also coming forward in corroboration of the same or similar allegations of genocidal government policy, as well as the setting aside of medical ethics, the law and morality.

In essence, this is what they are being told behind closed doors:

“It’s for the greater good, so just mark it down as a COVID death and keep your mouth shut.”

Nevertheless, it is through the courageous actions of people like Janet and Harvey that many more will be inspired to speak out, until enough people know about these crimes, to guarantee an end to the genocide being perpetrated, once and for all.

In the meantime, Janet and Harvey have agreed to provide a witness statement to Simon Dolan, in the event that would assist him in his on-going battle to have the lockdown regulations which authorised these crimes struck out as the treacherous decrees they most certainly are.

It is also Janet’s intention to bring criminal proceedings against the accused, so they can answer to their crimes before a jury; as well as making a civil damages claim for the injury, harm, damage and loss incurred at the hands of plainly murderous government policy.

We need to get the word out fast, so please share this post far and wide, copy and paste it to your page and send it to all your contacts, preferably before the censors block it to stop it going viral.

#KeepBritainFree #MagnaCarta2020 #EndGenocideNow

Coronavirus Bill slashes safeguards in death registration

Catte Black

One aspect of the horrifically disturbing Coronavirus Bill (UK) is the changes being made to the registration of deaths. Here’s how it’s explained in the Introduction. The Bill will (our emphasis):

– Expand the list of people who can register a death to include funeral directors acting on behalf of the family

– Enable electronic transmission of documents that currently have to be physically presented in order to certify the registration of a death

– Remove the need for a second confirmatory medical certificate in order for a cremation to take place

– Remove the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 requirement that any inquest into a COVID-19 death must be held with a jury. Other notifiable diseases will still require an inquest with a jury

How do these changes help in the containment of a pathogen, which is the alleged purpose of this bill?

Let’s take a look.

* * *

“Enable electronic transmission of documents that currently have to be physically presented in order to certify the registration of a death”

Well, in an imagined scenario in which no one can leave the house for anything (except visiting the Job Centre apparently), then sending documents might have to be done electronically. But even so, the absence of hard copy in the records is obviously worrying. Electronic copies are much easier to fake or alter. The safeguards are reduced.

But, let’s be generous and accept this.

* * *

Remove the need for a second confirmatory medical certificate in order for a cremation to take place

Is this about hastily managing the mass of corpses the most hysterical projections have been claiming are imminent?

Well, ok, let’s assume they are panicking and this is the plan.

* * *

Expand the list of people who can register a death to include funeral directors acting on behalf of the family

Now, how is this a precautionary or time-saving move?

The current UK requirement about who can register a death is very specific. The registrant must either be: (our emphasis)

  • a relative who was present at the death
  • a relative present during the person’s last illness
  • a relative living in the district where the death took place
  • anyone else present at the death
  • an owner or occupier of the building where the death took place and who was aware of the death
  • the person arranging the funeral (but not the funeral director).

It’s not hard to see the rationale for this. Once you remove all these requirements and start allowing people in the commercial business of death, who will have no connection whatsoever to the deceased or their family, the capacity for malpractice of various kinds to enter the process increases considerably. What good is served by increasing that risk? And what benefit accrues?

* * *

Remove the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 requirement that any inquest into a COVID-19 death must be held with a jury. Other notifiable diseases will still require an inquest with a jury

Why do inquests into alleged Covid-19 deaths need to be held without a jury, when all other ‘notifiable’ disease inquests will continue to have juries present?

Are they assuming an inquest on a potential Covid-19 victim will be more likely to bring the pathogen into the courtroom than an inquest on anyone else?

Could they not find another way of getting round this perceived risk that didn’t involve dismissing the jury?

I’m inclined to think they probably could.

* * *

What do all these new specifications add up to?

With this new bill in place it will be possible for a funeral director (a profession that requires no specific training or certification) to register deaths of people he has never seen and knows nothing about, and to then perform their cremation based on nothing but the original death certificate, signed by a solitary MD, who will not, of course, be required to make any statement to anyone about any part of this, unless there happens to be an inquest.

And if there is an inquest, an alleged involvement of the ‘novel’ coronavirus is enough grounds exclude the jury, comprised of members of the public with the right to ask questions, and make the case directly to the Coroner, who is , of course, a government official.

So, is this about ‘containment’ of the virus and expediting the process? Or about removing safeguards and public scrutiny? Is it quicker to call a funeral director (who is likely busy) and ask them to register your loved one’s death, or to simply go online and do it yourself?

How happy are you with this particular development?

You tell me.

Source: https://off-guardian.org/2020/03/22/coronavirus-bill-slashes-safeguards-in-death-registration/

Why Does The Royal Family Hire Child Rapists

Why Does The Royal Family Hire Child Rapists

The British are hypnotized by their Royal family addiction and too cowardly to spend time with the real life reporters who can piece together why the Royal Family connection to child abuse is real.

Update: The Queen has previously been implicated by Kevin Annett over at ITCCS where indigenous native children went missing after a visit by Philip and Elizabeth but this second video (now removed) is even further testimony that the Queen is part of the Paedophile and snuff movie elite. As Bill explains. It’s not sexual.

It’s Satanic.

List Of The Traitors To Britain – The Greatest Crime In A Thousand Years

The abolition of Britain is illegal under the British Constitution, and the criminal acts of the Queen and her Ministers have included the worst acts of treason in history. They secretly repealed the treason laws in 1998 (hidden in s36.3 of the Crime and Disorder Act) to save their own necks. The criminality of our ministers and parliament won’t save us – the EU’s Constitution will automatically abolish the British one, and they will have got away with the greatest crime in a thousand years.

List of Traitors to Scotland the United Kingdom
Since 1972 five European Union treaties have been signed abolishing our nation. As this is illegal under the British Constitution, our nation needed to be undermined with the methods listed below. The EU is succeeding exclusively through subversion by British traitors from inside the UK.

The EU has the laws of a police state, and a constitution that hands absolute power to unelected dictators; it specifically hands all military power (and that includes the nuclear weapons of Britain and France,) to these dictators. It is the Soviet system, and creates a sham EU parliament with no power; it will abolish the nations of Great Britain and England.

The list of traitors according to the severity of their crime:
Traitor number 1. HM the Queen. Has committed five acts of treason signing EU treaties that abolish our nation. She is the only monarch to have broken her Coronation oath. Failed as the ultimate check and balance, failed to insist on a national ballot for the abolition of our nation.

Traitor number 2. Edward Heath. Committed an act of treason by passing the 1972 EU Communities Act, which is the enabling act to abolish our nation. He then lied in his White Paper and in his speeches this Act would not abolish our sovereignty. He started the entire illegal EU process. The fact he was a lifelong member of the Deutsche VersicherungsDienst intelligence department was not discovered until his death.
http://www.worldreports.org/news/6_brussels_accounts_ar

Its very important to understand the legal basis for treason. Firstly it has always been the most serious crime on the statute book, worse than murder. Treason has long been the only crime punished by “hanging by the neck until dead.” Murderers only get life. The definition of treason is “a crime that undermines one’s government” or “the offence of acting to overthrow one’s government.” Philby, Maclean, Blunt,
Burgess committed treason, by selling secrets to the Russians, and would have got perhaps 15 years if they had returned. What Heath did was the ultimate act oftreason, not just undermining our nation, but abolishing it. If a court case had been brought, he would have got the ultimate penalty.

3. Tony Blair Committed three acts of treason, with three EU treaties. He is also an enthusiastic implementer of EU laws disguised as British laws, the latest being ID cards; he’s an enforcer of crippling EU regulations. Blair is the chief manufacturer of the EU police state in Britain (Scottish rite 33rd degree mason of Studholme lodge 1591 ).

4. John Major committed Treason with the Maastricht treaty; he also sold our main military and nuclear port, Devonport Dockyard, to Dick Cheney’s Haliburton Corporation for peanuts, his bribe was to be European MD of the Bush family’s Carlyle Weapons group, and $1 million pa for life, so he is definitely on the other side.

5. Margaret Thatcher committed Treason with the Single European Act. She is the only Prime minister who now regrets signing it. She’s still guilty – a murderer who apologises only has a mitigating circumstance. She’ll remain a traitor until her death. Like many top people on our side, she’s developed heart problems and is too ill to help.

The above four people have all committed treason, and prosecutions were pending. Tony Blair’s risk was the full force of the law for signing the Amsterdam Treaty amongst others. But in a stunning abuse of power, Tony Blair secretly repealed the treason laws, hidden in the Crime and Disorder Act, and the Queen signed it in 1998, saving both their necks. There can be no worse criminal abuse of the law than this. …….To get off your own execution as a Prime Minister by repealing the law you are charged under. The media missed it entirely.

6. John Prescott, John Reid, Peter Mandleson, Alan Johnson, about a dozen, now cabinet ministers. Communists who’s allegiance in the 1960’s was to the Soviet Union, switched their loyalty to the European Union in the 1970’s; they’ve implemented the EU’s Frankfurt school subversion, and the 111,000 EU regulations that are criminalising us all. Took control of the Labour party away from patriotic traditionalists.

7. Ken Clarke, Douglas Hurd, Michael Hesletine, Geoffrey Howe, Chris Patten, Francis Maude, David Cameron etc. Pro-Europeans who have seized control of the Conservative leadership, imposing their own agenda, ignoring the wishes of Conservative voters; they sabotaged representative democracy. A vote for the Conservatives has been a vote for the EUdictatorship for 34 years, these are the traitors responsible.
The leaders of our three political parties get their orders from the European Union, not the British electorate, whom they neither serve nor care for. They’ve created a one party state: the three parties have almost identical policies, and all agree on the abolition of Britain by the EU.

8. Julia Middleton, Managing Director of the Common Purpose government agency. Trained 19,500 local government, quango and NHS “leaders” for what they chillingly call the “Post democratic era.” Close to destroying the NHS, and local democracy, by
transferring power from councillors to the council executives, in preparation for the abolition of councillors with the EU regionalisation plan.
Common Purpose is the number one subversive body outside Parliament. Its graduates include Janet Paraskeva, head of the law society and Cressida Dick, the senior police officer who, with the backing of EU corpus juris, single handedly threw away our right to life and common law with her shoot to kill policy, which is still in force today. She was responsible for the killing of Jean de Menezes in Stockwell tube amongst others, and, although she’s a nobody and might be considered a murderer outside the police force, is getting breathtaking promotion, presumably to be appointed Chief of Police in this EU police state.

9. The Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM). In charge of the handover of power to the EU, controls Common Purpose. Has put a “Monitoring Officer” into every council in the land; they suspend councillors who speak out for the truth.

10. The Law Society, which I would prefer to call the Fraudulent Lawyers Protection Society on a local level, and the Constitutional Law Breaking Society on the national level. Top lawyers have refused to uphold the British Constitution or enforce our laws where the EU is concerned; the Law Society is a home for traitors. The very fact they had Janet Paraskewa, a Common Purpose leader at their head, shows how rotten they are.

11. Baroness Warnock, and a couple of hundred other dedicated senior subversives. Ruthless implementors of the German Frankfurt School’s subversion on behalf of
the EU. Over the last 40 years our churches and families have been undermined, with single parent and same sex parents encouraged, teachers have had their authority removed, sex and homosexual education is forced on many under 13s, and decades of political correctness have dumbed down our ability to speak out. The results fill our newspapers every day.

12. Our slovenly press and media. It is stunning that the press has missed all this, the biggest story in a thousand years. Truly the quality of our journalists is abysmal. No wonder the art of investigative journalism is dead. In the BBC’s case it’s simple
sabotage, with hundreds of Common Purpose people in positions of power.

Only 25,000 traitors versus 60 million. In total there are about 25,000 dedicated subversives at all levels of society in Britain, helped by 100,000 useful idiots. To oppose them are 60 million British people. So why are they winning?
Because the subversion these traitors have so carefully implemented over the last 50 years has worked: The young have no interest in politics; churches are empty; people have stopped speaking out; the public now just accepts every control, regulation, indignity, injustice and rule without complaint.

To defeat the EU you must expose these traitors in their constituencies, at their places of work, in the press, and tell as many people as you can what is happening. Refuse to comply at every opportunity.

Source https://www.tpuc.org.uk/list-of-the-traitors-to-britain-the-greatest-crime-in-a-thousand-years/

HAMPSTEAD CHILDREN RAPE AND MURDER COVERUP NOTES

HAMPSTEAD COVERUP NOTES

Gabriel-and-Alisa

First and most importantly, there are some fools in the YouTube community who think Hampstead is a hoax. Because they keep reporting it as such, they are allowing the raping and Satanic Ritual Abuse to take place because they have helped the police and those in the UK cover all this up. Way to go Jungle Surfer!


Leaked Medical Reports End All Doubt About Sexual Abuse Claims.

The medical reports end any debate regarding the fact that children A and G were the victims of child sexual abuse in Hampstead and underline the criminal nature of the police interviews of September 17th, 2014. The question now is who is being protected? Who has the influence and power to cause the British police such an obvious and inexplicable mid investigation rethink? Clearly there is much more than a Z grade actor and the reputation of a school at stake here. Neither would logically merit the police choice to destroy this investigation and cover up these heinous crimes.

Background Chronology
September 5th 2014.
“A referral was made to the Barnet CAIF by (mother’s partner’s) brother in law who is a special constable. Following a disclosure by A and G that they had been sexually abused by their father and “teachers” and were part of a cult. This disclosure had been made when they were in Morocco over the summer. And the parents stated they were unsure who to inform as many people seemed to be involved, (including allegedly police and social workers.)

Initial police interviews conducted.
8/9/14. Initial strategy meeting held.
10/9/14. Visit to family home ahead of ABE interview.
11/9/14. Emergency Police Protection Order issued after the ABE yesterday evening during which witness A, witness G and witness E (mother) were interviewed separately.
Allegations of physical abuse from the mother’s partner towards both children and sexual abuse against both children by their father and “teachers”. They are now in Emergency Foster Placement.”17/9/14.

Police conduct the retraction interviews in transparent attempt to bury the truth and vandalise justice.
Interviewing officers clearly bully false retractions from the children for unknown reasons that can only be sinister.
22/9/14. Police inform the mother E that they have found that the crimes against the children cannot be confirmed. The investigation is over.
22/9/14. Dr. Hodes writes the second medical report affirming the veracity of the sexual abuse allegations despite the retractions. Dr. Hodes cites a specific research finding that found that 16% of victims will retract the allegations and affirming therefore that the physical evidence of abuse should outweigh the retractions.

Lindsay C Malloy, MA Thomas D Lyon JD, and Joia A Quas
Fillal Dependency and recantation of Child Sex Abuse Allegations.
J.Am Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry. 46:2, 2007.
These statements were made without reference to the disgraceful performance of the interviewing officer in the retraction interviews, which only strengthen Dr. Hodes’ assertions.
The Medical Reports. Who wrote them and are they authentic?

There are two Medical Reports, one dated September 15th, 2014, the other September 22nd. Written on the stationary of the University College of London in a way that leaves no doubt as to their authenticity. Background checks on the names of the people who signed the documents end any doubt . To illustrate this I will cite the best known of the Doctors who have signed these reports Dr. Deborah Hodes (FRCPCH) Consultant Community Paediatrician. A cursory internet search indicates that Dr. Hodes is employed in that role at the University College London and is an expert in the field of child abuse having more than twenty years experience.

Dr Deborah Hodes
https://www.uclh.nhs.uk/OurServices/Consultants/Pages/DrDeborahHodes.aspx
Dr Deborah Hodes Consultant Paediatrician an expert with decades of experience and she is unequivocal. Abuse occurred.

The first report dated September 15th appears to have been written by Dr Harriett Gunn (SHO Senior House Officer)* but is also signed by Dr. Hodes, The second Report of September 22nd appears to have been written entirely by Dr. Hodes, as she is the sole signatory. The Medical Examiners are highly experienced and well qualified.

This does not mean that they are infallible, of course, but these medical reports have been signed by medical practitioners considered to be authorities in the field with decades of experience.
Dr, Deborah Hodes, part of the examination and assessment team that physically examined the children on several occasions is absolutely unequivocal, even after the retraction interviews that the children have physical injuries, that substantiate their claims of physical abuse at the hands of the mother’s partner and more importantly the sexual abuse at the hands of the father and cohorts.
A Brief Overview of the Facts that Emerge from the Medical Reports.

The counter narrative states that the children’s stories were coached and fed to them by their mother’s partner who was himself guilty of minor physical abuse of the children.
The police retraction interviews tried to construct a narrative that the children had been denying the actions of the mother’s partner whilst making the claims against the father and school, yet the Medical Reports show that the children made the claims concurrently and were concurrently examined for both the injuries related to the minor physical abuse at the hands of the mother’s partner and the extremely serious sexual abuse at the hands of the father and staff at the school.

The male has one scar on his anus consistent with blunt force trauma, the female has several and has actually been physically damaged by the abuse in ways that really do not bear mentioning suffice to say that she has multiple injuries “consistent with the application of a blunt instrument.”

They could not be clearer. Someone has been doing deeply unpleasant things to these children, the more lurid claims relating to this case may be exaggerated, but there is a very simple and unmistakeable truth expressed in those medical reports.

After they were taken into Foster care, the children were heard to discuss the use of Vaseline as a lubricant their abusers used on them. They are no longer in the presence of the mother’s partner, there is no need for any story to be told, yet they were speaking about it in a matter of fact way.

The children independently told their story on multiple occasions to numerous Doctors and other disinterested parties and were consistent in their claims against both parties. There was medical evidence to support the claims that were made against both parties. Both children were observed to be suffering the symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Both children complained at their treatment at the hands of the mothers partner, yet it was absolutely clear to the examiners that it was the father they feared. Each child independently expressed the fear that their father would kill them, one had nightmares about it. Expressions of fear do not get more profound than that. The details outlined in these reports are deeply unpleasant. Unfortunately it is necessary to do this and I will ensure that only the completely necessary information is included. There is a duty to attempt to spread the truth in a matter of gross injustice such as this case represents and I have sought not to identify anyone by name other than the Doctors whose role appears to have been an honourable one.

Key Excerpts from the Two Medical Reports.
September 15th, 2014.
“Witness G “does not report any history of constipation or diarrhoea . However he does report that it does often hurt and he has often bled when opening his bowels although this had decreased significantly in the past two months which his sister says is because it is two months since they have seen their father. (the children were also removed from the school). He opens his bowels everyday and reports that his stool is soft. “( a detail that is unfortunately necessary due to later events)

Physical Abuse.
“Both G and A report that they have been hit multiple times with a metal spoon by mother’s partner over the head and the legs. They also report they have been pushed into walls. They also allege that mother’s partner holds his hand over their mouth till they “can’t breathe.” On a recent visit to Morocco over the summer witness G explains that he was hit on the ear by the mother’s partner in the left ear which caused his ear to bleed and his left eye to be swollen and bruised. G and A said that G was then not allowed to leave the holiday home until the bruises had disappeared.”
(Note: the details contained here completely destroy the notion that these allegations were made as the result of coaching. Did the mother’s partner also coach the children to make all these detailed and specific allegations against him? Of course he didn’t. The fact that these allegations against the mother’s partner were made at the same time as the allegations of sexual abuse is clearly overwhelming evidence that these children spoke the truth to the best of their ability about both issues and were not under external control of either party to a custody dispute as they made the allegations.)

Sexual abuse allegations.
“A has explained that at school a teacher named Mr. H calls children over and makes them take off their underwear. A explained that she and other children including G are made to bend over and a “plastic willy” is inserted into the anus. Whilst Mr. H holds onto their hips. A also stated that Mr.H “makes noises” while this is done.
Of note, she says that he gives them a refresher bar to eat as a reward and to chew on while this is happening so they “can’t scream or make a noise” and they are asked to face forwards and not look backwards. G has said that the same thing has happened to him. G says that after this has happened he has bleeding from the anus and subsequently. it is very painful when he opens his bowels.”

Victim G Physical injuries described.
His (G) anus was examined in the left lateral position using gentle buttock separation for 30 seconds. He had one anal fissure scar at 9 o’clock on examination of the anus. There was no reflex anal dilation.”

Summary.
“In both the general physical examination and the genital examination of G today. There are physical signs consistent with the allegations given by G and A. The scar in the anus is from a healed fissure, secondary to the application of a blunt penetrating force that he (G) has alleged. In summary, G has physical signs consistent with his allegations of both physical abuse and sexual abuse. “

Dr. Harriett Gunn (SHO) to
Dr. Deborah Hodes.
Medical Report Dated September the 22nd 2014.

The report begins with Dr, Hodes outlining her extensive experience in the field. Twenty four years worth.
Dr.Hodes states that she was present at two strategy meetings and two physical examinations relating to this case. In addition Dr. Hodes has spoken to Camden area social workers and also reviewed the photographic evidence pertaining to the children’s injuries. Victim and WItness A on September 17th 2014. Victim and Witness A during a Police interview.

Summary of Relevant Evidence Victim A..
“She alleged that lubrication was used prior to the insertion of the penis or plastic penis and identified and discussed this with her foster carer.. She also told me about having had an injection. She alleged that bleeding occurred after the event and then had pain on opening her bowels.” “She told me that she has difficulty getting to sleep and she has bad dreams including dreaming of her father killing her ”

Physical Findings.
“Below is a list of injuries found in a physical examination of A shown in body maps and the police photographs.”
1.“3 x 4mm abrasion to the pinna of her left ear and 3mm laceration posterior to her left ear overlying the mastoid, A alleged she was pinched and picked up by her ear on Morocco.”
2. “7mm longtitudinal abrasion (excoriated) on the right lateral aspect of her right ankle. A alleged she had been pushed against an outside wall and “had picked it” when she was in Morocco.”
3. “2.0cm x 0.5cm healing abrasion on the left side of the chin. A alleged that she was hit across the face with a metal spoon while in Morocco.“

Below is a list of injuries found on ano-genital examination of A recorded in the DVDs. (Warning Note: This is deeply unpleasant and awful and a quick summary is that there are multiple and in my opinion horrific injuries to A’s nether regions)
“1. In the left lateral position with gentle buttock separation there was anal laxity and a brief view of the rectum. In the knee chest position with gentle buttock separation, there was reflex anal dilation (RAD) after 5-10 seconds. The reflex anal dilation continued and there was a view into the rectal ampulla and there was no stool present.
2. There was a healed scar in the ruggae at the 10 -11 o’clock position extending from the anal orifice to the anal verge. It was seen in both the left lateral position and the knee to chest position. The abnormalities in the ruggae at the 4 0′ c;ock and 5 o’clock positions may represent healed scar tissue or variation in the ruggae.configuration.” There are between two and four injuries, with two undoubted and two speculative.

Conclusions regarding the allegations.
“The physical injuries found on her skin are consistent with the physical abuse she described. In the absence of a history of constipation, medical illness or accidental trauma according to the GP’s notes, the anogenital findings of the scar and the RAD are consistent with her allegations of the application of a blunt penetrating force to her anus (2); sexual abuse.” She has described symptoms of post traumatic stress.”

Summary of A and G by Dr. Hodes.
“In my opinion A and G are suffering significant harm as evidenced by the following:-
1.Both children have physical signs of physical abuse that support their allegations.
2.Both children have physical signs of sexual abuse that support their allegations.
3.They have symptoms of post traumatic stress.
4. It is now understood from a 2007 substantiated study of child sexual abuse that retraction occurs far more commonly (16% in this series) than previously thought.
5. In my opinion, the extensive and detailed accounts given by both children that were repeated to different professionals contain details of sexual acts that such young children would need to have direct experience of.” (Note: in order to be able to describe them is the unwritten implication.)

To put it simply, Dr. Hodes is stating that there is physical evidence in support of both sets of allegations which really highlights how farcical the entire “they were coached” counter-narrative really is. Because children who have been coached to make false allegations in order to influence a custody battle we are told, were not even coached to lie about the minor physical injuries they suffered at the hands allegedly of the mother’s partner. What kind of coaching is that? It really shows the desperation to protect that this preposterous and absurd notion was even floated as the counter-narrative. It is pathetic and insulting. Truly laughable.

Dr Hodes signature
Dr. Hodes signs off on the September 22nd report. She plainly rejected the retractions.

Ethical and Legal Issues.
The leaking of these documents may constitute a criminal offense, I honestly do not know, but it is obvious that these records have been released in the broader public interest in order to oppose and expose a clear and outrageous injustice. These are exceptional circumstances in which otherwise unethical or even unlawful actions are necessary and just in my opinion. Why is this happening?
It beggars belief that this investigation was curtailed and destroyed in order to protect a Z grade actor or even the Staff and Institutional reputation of the school and church involved. Something far more important is being protected here, but it is completely unclear whom or what have managed to engineer the stunning travesty that led to the Investigating Police coaching and bullying retractions from the child victims, Witnesses and Victims A and G.

The real mystery at this point is who is protecting this and why? The way it is being covered up you would almost get the on it’s face ludicrous idea that this was some type of mad, satanic leadership induction program. The people involved may believe they are doing what is right for their children in some sick parallel universe sense. We Are Living in a Twilight Zone of Serial Denial.
It is completely possible that elements of the stories the children tell that do not relate to events they actually witnessed may be embellished or even incorrect. There is sadly no doubt that whatever the veracity of the claims the police made a decision, a bizarre and inexplicable decision to destroy the case and conduct a cover up. Unless and until the police have a rethink as is inevitable but may take decades, there is little that can be done to even begin to seek justice for the Hampstead victims beyond trying to expose this to enough people that it causes an uproar that requires an immediate police rethink. We seem to exist in a bizarre twilight zone where anyone with any connection to power can apparently do what they like to children and expect to suffer only the infamy of the grave. As long as you are not fussed about your reputation when deceased and you are connected you do not even have to be discreet. Once you die it will all emerge of course and your name and reputation will be destroyed but other than that there is no penalty.

While it has become clear again and again that the unthinkable has actually been rather routine, that these unbelievably evil crimes have been happening for decades and yet when confronted with a genuine contemporary cover up, the entire “official” British media have literally not a word to say. Other than the Hamptead and Highgate Express. The local weekly paper had their say recently, they covered the story from the point of view of the alleged perpetrators, predictably, so the reference to the case was rather incidental, but telling. Google under fire after leaked personal details of Hampstead residents remain on web – Crime & Court – Hampstead Highgate Express

The real story is instantly dismissed thus “The claims, which the mainstream media is barred by court order from reporting on, are said to have been investigated by police and found to be baseless.” Which I think can be fairly claimed to be a downright lie. Perhaps gratitude is the right response to the total lack of mainstream news coverage. Please note the brazen hypocrisy of the Hampstead and Highgate Express stating that “ which the mainstream media is barred by court order from reporting on” before continuing “are said to have been investigated by police and found to be baseless.” Clearly reporting (and indeed completely mendaciously and inaccurately) without naming or even alluding to a source, let alone any evidence to back up their dishonest claim. I hope they are proud of their work at the Hampstead and Highgate Express. Their efforts in support of evil will be rewarded in the deserved manner eventually I am sure, one way or another. It’s only a matter of time.

Return #WhistleblowerKids and #AbuseSurvivors to their Russian Family!
https://www.change.org/p/the-rt-hon-theresa-may-mp-return-whistleblowerkids-and-abusesurvivors-to-their-russian-family
Sabine Kurjo McNeill | Voluntary Public Interest Advocacy
http://mckenzie-friends.co.uk/author/bombs/
Petitioning EU Parliament
Sources.
14 09 15 Medical report.pdf – Google Drive
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0Byzy22cCtwpdbERtNXNhQ0Y5RmM/edit
14 09 22 Medical report.pdf – Google Drive
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0Byzy22cCtwpdYy0xdVZFcGxscXM/edit
Aangirfan: HAMPSTEAD – DOCUMENTS
http://www.aanirfan.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/hampstead-documents.html
Aangirfan: FROM HAMPSTEAD TO SAN FRANCISCO
http://www.aanirfan.blogspot.com.au/2015/03/from-hampstead-to-san-francisco.htm
Royal Free Hospital in Hampstead to be investigated over links with Jimmy Savile – Health – Hampstead Highgate Express
http://www.hamhigh.co.uk/news/health/royal_free_hospital_in_hampstead_to_be_investigated_over_links_with_jimmy_savile_1_3058052
PLAYLIST of 45 videos re #Whistleblower and #WhistleblowerKids | ‘Whistleblower Kids’ in the Court of Public Interest
https://whistleblowerkids.wordpress.com/2015/03/01/playlist-of-45-videos-re-whistleblower-of-whistleblowerkids/
JUSTICE DENIED: Live Recording as Police raid Pedophile Ring Whistle-blower kids mum’s home
http://google-law.blogspot.gr/2015/02/live-recording-of-police-raid-on.html
Abusers Online | ‘Whistleblower Kids’ in the Court of Public Interest
https://whistleblowerkids.wordpress.com/social-media/links-to-videos/abusers-online/
‘Whistleblower Kids’ in the Court of Public Interest | From Child Snatching and the Secrecy of Family Courts to Forced Adoptions, Child Sexual Exploitation and Satanic Ritual Abuse
https://whistleblowerkids.wordpress.com/
JOINING Video Dots with #WhistleblowerKids: Exposing World run by Powerful #Paedophiles | ‘Whistleblower Kids’ in the Court of Public Interest
https://whistleblowerkids.wordpress.com/2015/03/06/joining-video-dots-with-whistleblowerkids-exposing-world-run-by-powerful-paedophiles/
Dr Deborah Hodes
https://www.uclh.nhs.uk/OurServices/Consultants/Pages/DrDeborahHodes.aspx
FORWARD UK on Twitter: “FORWARD Trustee, Dr Deborah Hodes, announces opening of the first specialist #FGM clinic in London
ZeeklyTV – Anonymous’s Channel
http://zeeklytv.com/user/Anonymous
Dr Hodes Sources.
Lindsay C Malloy, MA Thomas D Lyon JD, and Joia A Quas
Fillal Dependency and recantation of Child Sex Abuse Allegations.
J.Am Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry. 46:2, 2007.
Bradley Ar, Wood, JM, How Do Children Tell?
The disclosure process in child sexual abuse.
Negl. 20 881-891. 1996
The British Medical Association Confidentiality Guide for Staff.(called the confidentiality toolkit)
confidentialitytoolkit_full.pdf
http://bma.org.uk/-/media/files/pdfs/practical%20advice%20at%20work/ethics/confidentialitytoolkit_full.pdf

Who is Melanie Shaw, why is she in prison, and what do her supporters want?

She was one of the first people to talk about abuse at Beechwood

By: David Whitfield Digital Content Editor, 11 JAN 2019
Melanie Shaw supporters hold posters outside the Old Bailey in London before former English Defence League (EDL) leader Tommy Robinson arrives accused Melanie Shaw supporters hold posters outside the Old Bailey ahead of a court appearance by Tommy Robinson in September
Melanie Shaw supporters hold posters outside the Old Bailey ahead of a court appearance by Tommy Robinson in September (Image: David Mirzoeff/PA Wire)

Over the last year, an average of more than 14,000 people have searched for her name every month.

There are at least ten different Facebook groups dedicated to her.

And at a recent court appearance by Tommy Robinson, it was her name that was being chanted by supporters.

But who exactly is Melanie Shaw, why is she in prison – and what are her supporters calling for?

The simple answer is that Melanie was one of the very first people to make allegations of sexual abuse at Beechwood children’s home in Nottingham.

But have a quick browse of the internet and you will find a host of further answers involving buried bodies, secret court hearings, and Westminster paedophile rings.

We have therefore attempted to tell Melanie’s story below, as best as we can. It won’t answer all of the questions about her, but it will hopefully provide some detail which might not be immediately available to everyone.

Melanie’s story

Melanie was born in October 1970, and was placed in foster care at a young age.

She grew up in Kirkby-in-Ashfield, and from 1981 to 1987 she was at Ashfield Comprehensive School in the town.

When she was 16 she was sent to Beechwood children’s home in Mapperley. She stayed there for around a year.

The Redcot unit at Beechwood children's home pictured in September 2002 after the death of a child at the home.
The Redcot unit at Beechwood children’s home pictured in September 2002 after the death of a child at the home.

When she left, she overcame drug problems, started doing voluntary work.

In an interview broadcast in 2015, she described how she was a full-time mother for 24 years before she decided to speak out about what had happened at the children’s home.

In 2010 she went to the police to report what had happened to her at Beechwood, and was one of the first people to do so.

In more recent years she has lived in Sherwood and Sneinton.

What does Melanie say happened to her in Beechwood?

Melanie said that she was raped in the basement of the Lindens unit at Beechwood in Mapperley, and was physically and sexually abused.

She has spoken about one particular member of staff who she said had threatened to kill her ‘like the others’ if she spoke out over abuse. She said he told her that he had already murdered and buried two children in the grounds of Beechwood.

And she also said that, while she had never been abused by a politician, she was aware of young boys from Beechwood being taken by minibus down to London to be abused by ‘the rich and elite’.

No charges have been brought against anyone who she alleged had assaulted her at Beechwood. And she has said she has a fear that she is going to be found dead.

Why is she in prison?

As far as Nottinghamshire Live is aware, Melanie has been either convicted of or found to have carried out offences on five different occasions since 2014.

In December 2014 at Nottingham Crown Court, she was convicted of arson being reckless as to whether life was endangered, and damaging property. She was given a community order for three years and a five-year restraining order.

In February 2016 at Nottingham Crown Court, she was given three restraining orders, fined £200, and handed a three-month prison sentence for displaying threatening, abusive, insulting words or behaviour or disorderly behaviour to cause another harassment, alarm, or distress; and two counts of pursuing a course of conduct which amounted to harassment.

Melanie Shaw pictured in 2015
Melanie Shaw pictured in 2015

In January 2017 at Nottingham Crown Court, she was given two years in prison; six months for breach of a suspended sentence order, nine months for breach of a restraining order, and nine months for breach of a separate restraining order.

In March 2017 at Derby Crown Court she was given eight months in prison; eight months in prison for making a threat to kill; three months(concurrent) for common assault, and one month (concurrent) for damaging property.

And in October 2018 at Leeds Crown Court, a jury found that Melanie – who was deemed unfit to stand trial – had committed three counts of arson being reckless as to whether property was damaged or destroyed. She will sentenced for this on January 14.

The Ministry of Justice does not give out information on release dates for individual prisoners.

Obviously, even in the event that Melanie served the full term of her two-year sentence from January 11, 2017, she would be due for release in January 2019.

However, she has been remanded in custody in connection with the arson offences which she is being sentenced for on January 14.

You can see a list of Melanie’s court appearances at the bottom of this story.

Where has she been held?

Melanie has been held in a number of different prisons. These include, but are not necessarily limited to, HMP Peterborough, HMP Foston Hall in Derby, HMP New Hall in Flockton near Wakefield, HMP Eastwood Park in Gloucestershire, and HMP Styal in Cheshire.

Foston Hall prison
Foston Hall prison

There have been a number of rumours online about Melanie being moved to Rampton in north Nottinghamshire. But her supporters sent her Christmas cards to HMP Styal.

What do the authorities say?

In terms of the allegations made by Melanie, Nottinghamshire Police said: “Nottinghamshire Police investigated all of the allegations thoroughly. Where the threshold was met, the CPS considered the evidence.

“Unfortunately, it was determined that the evidential test was not passed and, as such, no prosecutions brought.

“Our enquiries have also not identified any unaccounted-for people at Beechwood Children’s Home.

“Searches were carried out at Beechwood in February 2012.

“The work was undertaken by us in conjunction with national search advisors and searches were made of the grounds and building. It included the use of search dogs and radar following concerns reported by a member of the public.

Nothing was identified at the time that supported the reports.”

Nottingham East MP Chris Leslie said: “Melanie Shaw first contacted me several years ago, since when I have offered support as I would to any constituent in her circumstances. I have continued to enquire after Melanie’s welfare, including with the prison.

“It would be inappropriate and not responsible of me to discuss the details of these highly sensitive matters with anyone other than Melanie or her legal representatives, who are always welcome to contact me at any time.

“However, over many years now there have been stories circulating about Melanie’s case, and most of the posts circulating on social media are wildly inaccurate.”

Chris Leslie MP
Chris Leslie MP (Image: PA Wire)

Paddy Tipping, Nottinghamshire’s Police and Crime Commissioner, said: “I’ve known Melanie for many years and we have talked about the difficulties she has faced.

“It’s disappointing that she is in prison while she waits for sentencing later this month, but we are doing what we can to help her and we are regularly in touch with the professional people who support her.

“However, in the short term this is a matter for the Crown Court.”

The two legal firms in Nottingham which represent Melanie for civil and criminal matters said they could not comment without explicit permission from their client, which has not yet been obtained.

The Ministry of Justice said they do not comment on individual cases.

What do her supporters want?

Although the various groups come from slightly different angles – with some focusing more on the what happened at Beechwood and others on the London/Westminster allegations – they all want Melanie out of prison.

A member of the Justice for Melanie Shaw group, which has been running since 2014, said that, taking into the account the time Melanie had spent on remand, she should have been released from prison in June 2018 following the completion of her two-year sentence.

She said: “I think she is being persecuted, and I can’t help thinking it’s a set-up. They wanted her in prison, and they’ve got her in prison.

“I’m not going to pretend Melanie is an angel. She can be a bit of a handful. Even if you think she’s all right, you still have to be a bit wary of how she can react, which is because of what she’s been through.

“But what is happening to her now is disproportionate to what she is supposed to have done. Prisoners set fire to their cells every day of the week.

“If it isn’t a conspiracy, why are they making it look like one?”

A protest against child abuse outside the Council House in Nottingham's Old Market Square in 2014
A protest against child abuse outside the Council House in Nottingham’s Old Market Square in 2014

She added: “We’ve always believed that the police weren’t trying their hardest to investigate the fate of children who had allegedly died at Beechwood – allegations I believe there is truth in.

“I’m prepared to believe that when Melanie went to the police she produced quite a bit of evidence about what she was saying.

“Melanie said she gave evidence to the police and it disappeared. I can’t prove that’s true, but that’s what she said.

“I think it’s accepted that the authorities didn’t know how many children were in care – and what happened to those who disappeared.”

Melanie’s court appearances

Nottinghamshire Live contacted eight courts – Nottingham Crown Court, Nottingham Magistrates’ Court, Derby Crown Court, Derby Magistrates’ Court, Peterborough Crown Court, Peterborough Magistrates’ Court, Cambridge Crown Court and Leeds Crown Court – in order to try and get a full picture of Melanie’s court appearances.

Nottingham Magistrates’ Court declined to provide information about Melanie’s court appearances. However, some information about her appearances at Nottingham Magistrates’ Court was provided by another court.

It remains a slightly confusing picture, with different parts of the criminal justice system giving – at times – conflicting information about her court history.

But as far as we can best establish, these are Melanie’s court appearances since 2014. Not all will necessarily have been appearances in person, as some may have been by videolink.

TIME LINE

Melanie Shaw’s court appearances

  1. December 11, 2014 (Nottingham Crown Court)

    Found guilty of arson being reckless as to whether life was endangered at an address in Bonnington Crescent, Sherwood on February 1, 2014; and damaging property at the same address on June 26, 2014.

    She was given a community order for three years with supervision from the probation service. She was also given a five-year restraining order banning her from contacting the victims of the arson attack or going to their home.

  2. August 26, 2015 (Peterborough Magistrates’ Court)

    Pleaded not guilty to a charge that between June 22, 2015 and July 13, 2015 at Peterborough she pursued a course of conduct which amounted to the harassment of [a named person] and which she knew or ought to have known amounted to the harassment of her in that sending flowers, gifts and card to HMP Peterborough, telephoning and camping outside HMP Peterborough, harassing members of staff on their way in and out of work, contrary to section 2(1) and (2) of the Protection from Harassment Act 1997.

    Remanded on bail for trial at Peterborough Magistrates’ Court on Nov 11, 2015.

  3. November 11, 2015 (Peterborough Magistrates’ Court)

    Pleaded guilty to the charge above. Remitted to Nottingham Magistrates’ Court on conditional bail for sentence on December 4, 2015.

  4. December 4, 2015 (Nottingham Magistrates’ Court)

    Appearance for sentencing over the above charge. Remitted to Nottingham Magistrates’ Court to Jan 20, 2016. Remanded on bail.

  5. January 20, 2016 (Nottingham Magistrates’ Court)

    Appearance for sentencing over the above charge, sent to Nottingham Crown for sentence on February 10, 2016.

  6. February 17, 2016 (Nottingham Crown Court)

    Given three restraining orders, as well as other penalties, after being convicted on three counts.

    (1) Pleaded guilty to displaying threatening, abusive, insulting words or behaviour or disorderly behaviour to cause another harassment, alarm, or distress on July 21, 2015 in Nottingham. She was also fined £200 for this offence.

    (2) Pursuing a course of conduct which amounted to harassment from June 21 to July 6 in Nottingham. She was also given and a three-month prison sentence (suspended for two years) for this offence.

    (3) Pursuing a course of conduct which amounted to harassment from June 26 to July 13 in Nottingham. She was also given and a three-month prison sentence (suspended for two years) for this offence, concurrent.

  7. June 3, 2016 (Peterborough Magistrates’ Court)

    Appeared charged with attending HMP Peterborough on June 1, 2016 – which she was prohibited from doing by the restraining order imposed by Nottingham Crown Court on February 17, 2016. Case sent for trial at Peterborough Crown Court on July 1, 2016.

  8. September 16, 2016 (Peterborough Crown Court)

    The above matter was transferred to Nottingham, as the restraining order was issued at Nottingham.

  9. January 11, 2017 (Nottingham Crown Court)

    Sentenced to a total of two years in prison.

    (1) Six months in prison for a breach of a suspended sentence order in relation to the indictment of February 2016;

    (2) Nine months in prison (consecutive) for breach of the restraining order in relation to the indictment of February 2016;

    (3) Nine months in prison (consecutive) for the breach of the restraining order dated June 1 at HMP Peterborough.

  10. February 8, 2017 (Derby Magistrates’ Court)

    Appeared charged with one count of criminal damage on August 25, 2016, one count of making a threat to kill on August 20, 2016, and one charge of assault by beating on September 24, 2016. All sent to Derby Crown Court for March 8, 2017.

    (Also, one charge of assault occasioning ABH in February 2016 was withdrawn; and one charge of threatening to destroy and damage property in August 2016 was withdrawn.)

  11. March 8, 2017 (Derby Crown Court)

    Given a total of eight months in prison for the offences listed above. This was:

    (1) Eight months in prison for making a threat to kill on August 20, 2016;

    (2) Three months in prison (concurrent) for common assault on September 24, 2016;

    (3) One month in prison (concurrent) for damaging property on August  25, 2016.

  12. January 10, 2018 (Derby Magistrates’ Court)

    Appeared charged with two counts of arson on February 8 and February 10, 2017, and one count of sexual assault on February 15, 2017; all sent for trial at Derby Crown Court on Feb 7, 2018.

  13. March 16, 2018 (Derby Crown Court)

    The arson cases above were transferred to Leeds Crown Court.

  14. July 21, 2018 (Derby Magistrates’ Court)

    Three charges of criminal damage and one count of sexual assault dating from February 2017 were all withdrawn.

  15. October 16, 2018 (Leeds Crown Court)

    A jury found that Melanie – who was deemed unfit to stand trial – had committed three counts of arson being reckless as to whether property was damaged or destroyed.

    She committed the offences on February 8 and February 10, 2017, at HMP Foston Hall, Derby; and on June 21 at New Hall prison in Wakefield, West Yorkshire. She is being sentenced on Jan 14.

Satanic Ritual Abuse – The London Fund

A social conspiracy to pervert the course of justice underlies the refusal to come to terms with ritual abuse.
 
This is a serious charge. I will illustrate what I mean by reference to the Humberside case, where the police still maintain that they failed to uncover any corroborating evidence. This is curious beccause in the police files there is a document written by the child whom I call Boy 2. That piece of paper was found by the boy’s mother in her son’s bag. She discharged her civic duty by handing it to police.
 
The evidence came to light because Boy 2 was preparing to run away from home. He had reached a crisis, and he felt that the only way out was to abscond – a tragic solution that is adopted daily by children throughout the nation. Youngsters suddenly disappear without trace, leaving distraught parents to live out their worst fears.
 
Boy 2, however, was not to be left to his own devices in the wicked metropolis; he had “uncles” to make sure of that. There was a plan; one that, in this particular case, was thwarted just in time, when his mother found his sports bag stuffed with the clothes he was planning to take with him.
 
Boy 2 even had a “passport” to a new life: it lay crumpled on the top of his clothes. It was the scrap of paper on which he had scrawled the information that was essential to provide him with the food and lodgings he needed in London.
 
The paper contained the following details: the boy’s age, his name, and the number “444”. That number, we have seen, was his unique identification tag: and it was given to him when he was initiated into a satanic sex ring.
 
But there was another word on the piece of paper, one that meant nothing to Boy 2’s mother; at the time, when she asked me about it, I knew nothing about the significance of the word either. The word “Scorpio” was scrawled by the number 444. As a result of my enquiries, I was able to establish that Boy 2 had been about to step into a nationwide satanic conspiracy. Boy 2 unwitingly provided us with our first insights into that criminal structure.
 
This is how the organisation worked.
 
When the boys earned money from prostitution, part of the proceeds were retained by men who placed the cash in what the boys said was “the London fund”. The boys were assured that they would not go to gaol, if the police started snooping around, for the money they had stashed away would finance their swift departure to London. There – they were told – they would be found work in showbiz.
 
The truth, I now know, is more sinister.
 
Boy 2 was hooked into an network of paedophiles who seek boys for prostitution. Sometimes, boys die.
 
Mark Tildesley, a 7-year-old who was kidnapped from a fairground in Reading, Berkshire, on June 1 1984, was one victim of that conspiracy. That was the year that Christopher Laverack was kidnapped, sexually assaulted, and murdered.
 
In 1985, Barry Lewis, aged 6, was snatched from his home in South London and murdered. One man was convicted for that killing.
 
Jason Swift, aged 14, also fell prey to the perverts who stalk our streets. Four men were gaoled for a total of 62 years for his death.
 
But the list of unsolved child murders is a long one. Operation Orchid is the code name for a major police operation that has its incident room in an East London police station. The detectives led by Chief Superintendent Roger Stoodley are searching for clues to the fate of eight or nine boys who have met their fatal end at the hands of just one paedophile gang.
 
Operation Orchid received tip-offs that there was a satanic connection to their investigation, but the detectives could find no corroborative evidence. “We progressed as far as we could, but we could not prove it” says Roger Stoodley. “We were busy on other things and it fell by the wayside.”
 
I suspect that one day police will uncover evidence that will substantiate the claims that satanists are a feature of that paedophile network.
 
The cult behind the paedophile sex ring is called Scorpio. That name is the common denominator: it is being disclosed by children throughout the country.
 
The significance of that clue has been overlooked by parents who have been told by their children that they are “scorpios”. In one case, involving two small London children, the mother laughed when her son and daughter both insisted on identifying themselves by that name. She told them they had got their birth signs mixed up, and she informed them that they were born under different signs. She did not know that the two children were struggling to find words to reveal to their mother that they had been initiated into a black magic coven by their father.
 
That mother carries a heavy feeling of guilt, but she is not to blame. No-one had alerted her to the evil that is preying on children in our society. It as not until she had been placed in contact with other parents whose children had fallen foul of Scorpio that she realised that on the lips of her two children was the clue to a living nightmare.
 
Unwittingly, that particular mother may possess vital clues to the identities and locations of East London members of Scorpio. Her husband, before being locked up for assaulting her, asked his wife to hide an atlas of Britain and a street map of London. When she examined the maps, she found that they contained marks that identified names and streets which had no significance to the family. Now, she believes that the marks identify members of Scorpio.
 
The mother fled from London in 1989, after her children had disclosed what had happened to them in public parks in the dead of night. A year later, London detectives tried to track her down, to obtain those maps. She has refused to hand them over. She is reluctant to co-operate with the police because, in the past, every time she sought the help of detectives, she was made to feel guilty for her children’s disclosures.
 
I find myself in a similar situation, having fallen foul of the legal system. This now inhibits me from disclosing all the facts known to me about the London fund. The police have asked to interview me, but if I were to discuss everything I know, I would be liable to go to gaol.
 
But I can say that the police are on the right track. Scorpio is a paedophile-based network. A sophisticated organisation exists to handle money that is being gathered from boys around the country and placed in bank accounts. The network can tap those funds to pay for the boys’ upkeep when they are whisked away to London.
 
I fear that the police will fail to solve all the child murders until they begin to explore the satanic tentacles of the sex rings that are behind the disappearance of boys from their homes.
 
But it would be wrong if public attention were to be directed exclusively at those children who succeed in boarding trains bound for London’s King’s Cross or Paddington Stations. I would like to pause, for a moment, to emphasise that other children are also being “lost” to us even while they remain with their families. That tragedy is a by-product of the social conspiracy to pervert the course of justice.
 
Extract from Chasing Satan: An investigation into Satanic crimes against children, by Dianne Core, founder of Childwatch

https://videos.utahgunexchange.com/watch/geoffrey-dickens-mp-on-satanic-ritual-abuse-babies-murdered_2t9anQa4uhop54R.html

Conviction List: Ritual Child Abuse Cases

 Copyright © 1997. Believe The Children

Please note that this list was compiled and copyrighted by “Believe the Children” in 1997. It has not been updated since then.

Many ritual child abuse cases never are prosecuted due to the disbelief of authorities or the unlikelihood that young, severely traumatized children will be able to withstand cross-examination. A 1993 survey by the American Bar Association’s Center on Children and Family Law determined that 26 percent of prosecutors nationwide have handled cases involving “ritualistic or sexual abuse.” (Ross, 1994). The ritualistic aspects of the crimes often are not presented in court but are clearly indicated in the victims’ accounts.*

Arkansas

West Memphis

Three teenagers were convicted in the cult killings of three 8-year-old boys. Michael Wayne ‘Damien” Echols, 19, and Charles Jason Baldwin, 16, were convicted March 18, 1994, on three counts each of capitol murder. (Chicago Tribune, 1994). A jury recommended the death penalty for Echols and life in prison without pareole for Baldwin. (Sullivan, 1994). A third teenager, Jessie Lloyd Misskelley, Jr., 18, was convicted in February 1994, of one count of first-degree murder and two counts of second-degree murder. He is serving a prison sentence of life plus 40 years. (Beifuss, 1994)

Misskelley confessed to his role in the killings, telling police the murders were linked to a cult ritual that included the rape and mutilation of victims. (Chicago Tribune, 1993). West Memphis police detective Bryn Ridge testified that elements in the case pointed to the work of a satanic cult. (Sullivan, 1994).

Steve Branch, Christopher Byers and Michael Moore disappeared while riding their bicycles in May 1993. Their nude bodies were found the next day in a drainage ditch. The boys had been bound, raped and beaten. (Chicago Tribune, 1993). One child had been sexually mutilated. One witness testified that one of the defendants drank the victim’s blood. (Sullivan, 1994).

During the trial prosecutors presented evidence suggesting that Echols was a satanist. Acquaintances said Echols carried a cat’s skull to school, wrote satanic poems, and claimed to worship the devil. (Chicago Tribune, 1993). During his first police interview Echols told Detective Ridge that his favorite author was Anton LaVey, author of The Satanic Bible. (Sullivan, 1994). Mental health records indicate that Echols’ parents expressed concern about his possible involvement in “satanism or devil worship” when he was hospitalized in 1992. Just four months prior to the murders a clinician noted: “Damien explained that he obtains his powers by drinking blood of others.” (Sullivan, 1994).

One item brought to the attention of police was an underground newsletter published by a cousin of Echols’ 16-year-old girlfriend. The 1991 edition of the Secret Order of the Undead or “SOUND” featured a drawing of a winged demon molesting a woman, a list of 13 songs “suitable to accompany any ritualistic murder” and a column instructing children on how to build a homemade land mine. (Perrusquia, 1993).

California

Bakersfield

Alvin and Deborah McCuan, Scott and Brenda Kniffen, and Rodney and Linda Phelps (parents of Deborah McCuan) were indicted in 1982 on charges of sexually molesting children. The alleged victims included their own children, traded between families and used for group sex, as well as children from the Bluebird troop run by Deborah McCuan and the unlicensed day care facility in her home. The McCuans and Kniffens were convicted on all counts in 1983, drawing aggregate prison terms in excess of 1,000 years. The Phelps fled town and disapeared after being charged with 33 counts.

Ritual elements in the case were ignored by authorities at the time. (Newton, 1996).

In August 1996, a judge overturned the child molestation convictions of Alvin and Deborah McCuan and Scott and Brenda Kniffen.** (Northwest Herald, August 14, 1996).

A second intrafamilial child-sex ring was exposed and prosecuted in Bakersfield, with trials continuing into 1985. Five adult defendants were convicted, including: Richard Cox, 47 (14 counts); Ruth Ann Taylor, 31 (14 counts); Anthony Cox, 25 (7 counts); George Cox, 24 (7 counts); and Theresa Cox, 21 (3 counts). Prison terms ranged from 10 to 41 years. (Newton, 1996).

Seven defendants in another Bakersfield child-sex ring were convicted in August 1985, with multiple charges including child molestation and endangerment, assault with a deadly weapon, and production of child pornography. Wayne Forsythe, 28, was convicted on 41 separate counts. Other defendants, each convicted on a minimum of 50 counts, included Forsythe’s wife, Colleen Dill Forsythe, 26; Ricky Pitts, 31, and his wife Marcella Pitts, 29; Wayne Dill, 26 (Colleen Forsythe’s brother); Grace Dill, 50 (mother of Colleen Forsythe and Wayne Dill); and Gina Miller. Cumulative prison sentences in the case came to 2,100 years. (Newton, 1996).

Leroy George Stowe III was convicted on 16 counts of child molestation and sentenced to 30 years in March 1985. Shortly after his conviction, victims in the case expanded their disclosures to include graphic descriptions of satanic ritual abuse and murders, involving nine more defendants.

In January 1987, Gerardo Gonzales (facing 117 charges) pleaded no contest to one count of molesting a 5-year-old girl, and Rev. Willard Lee Thomas (facing 43 charges) pleaded no contest on two counts, including child endangerment and unlawful sexual intercourse with a 17-year-old girl. Both defendants were released from jail on the basis of time served, and charges against the remaining defendants were dismissed as part of their plea bargain.

In February 1987, a California appeals court reversed Leroy Stowe’s conviction on 12 of 16 felony counts, with the grounds cited as a technical insufficiency in the pleadings.** (Newton, 1996).

San Diego County

Robert S. Wilkins, 38, and Lori Elizabeth Bartz, 22, were convicted in July 1987 on 8 counts of sexual abuse involving children from Bartz’s unlicensed day-care center. The original list of charges, dating back to 1984, included 92 counts of sex acts forced upon girls aged 10 to 15. The victims described displays of weapons, threats, and occult rituals in which Bartz pretended to channel the voice of Satan, telling the children “This is the devil; do as I say.” Both defendants received long prison terms. (Newton, 1996).

Santa Rosa

Darryl Ball and Charlotte Thrailkill plea bargained on molestation charges and were sentenced to substantial prison terms. The prosecutor’s opening statement referred to the ritual aspect of the crimes, and child victims described satanic ceremonies which included ritual murders.

Colorado

Akron

Philip and Michael Schmidt pleaded guilty to molesting children attending the day care center operated by their grandmother, Hazel Riggs, who was sentenced on a lesser charge. A Denver Post report on the case included ritual allegations by a child victim.

Denver

William L. Acree, former heroin addict and operator of a halfway house for juvenile delinquents, was convicted in February 1983, on two counts of prostituting children and one count of sexually assaulting a child. Acree was sentenced to 90 days in jail, with 5 years suspended on the condition that he undergo psychiatric counseling for at least 4 years.

The victims were male, ages 10 – 17 years old, who displayed satanic tattoos and described themselves as members of Acree’s “coven.” (Newton, 1996).

Connecticut

Bridgeport

Kerri Lynn Patavino, 28, a school bus driver, was convicted in August 1996 of statutory rape for seducing a 14-year-old boy who said she engaged him in strange rituals during sex. (Northwest Herald, 1996).

The boy testified that Patavino once cut her arm with a razor blade and forced him to lick her blood. According to police, Patavino sent the boy love letters decorated with occult symbols and signed in her blood. During the trial, Patavino wore a pentagram medallion around her neck. (The News-Times, 1996).

Patavino was sentenced to six years in prison. (Northwest Herald, 1996).

Florida

Dade County

Francisco Fuster, 36, was convicted in 1985 on 14 counts of child abuse and sentenced to a minimum of 165 years in prison. Fuster had previously been convicted of lewd and lascivious assault on a 9-year-old girl and had served four years in prison for homicide. More than 50 children accused Fuster and his wife, Iliana, of abuse that included feces-eating, drugging, pornography, animal killings and anal rape with a crucifix. Fuster’s 7-year-old son was treated for gonorrhea of the throat.

Iliana Fuster, a 17-year-old native of Honduras, also claimed to have been battered and sexually abused by Fuster. She confessed to her role in the crimes against the children and testified against her husband. Iliana Fuster received a 10-year sentence. (Hollingsworth, 1986).

Stuart

James Toward, 58, owner of Glendale Montessori School, pleaded guilty to child sexual abuse charges and received a 15-year sentence. His office manager, Brenda Williams, 30, was convicted in 1989 and sentenced to 6 years in prison.

Children described being threatened with guns and knives, photographed for pornographic purposes, and forced to participate in sadistic rituals. (The Orlando Sentinel, 1989).

Georgia

Hapeville

Walter P. West, Jr., a former juvenile officer, pleaded guilty on June 20, 1994, to 33 counts of sexual abuse. West was sentenced to 20 years in prison, 20 years probation, and ordered never to be alone with children.

Prosecutors said that West engaged in oral and anal sex with as many as 13 children, fondled them, forced them to engage in sex acts with other children, and filmed the assaults. Most of his victims were pre-adolescent children who had problems at school and with the law. The youngest victim named in the indictment was six years old. (The Atlanta Journal/The Atlanta Constitution, 1994).

According to a case overview prepared by a special education teacher who reported the abuse, some of the children said West forced them to engage in bestiality and exposed them to animal killings. Other adults in the community were implicated but no additional arrests were made. (McCullers, 1994).

Illinois

Danville

Robbie Moore, a self-avowed “warlock,” was convicted on January 30, 1997, of three counts of aggravated criminal sexual assault and one count of aggravated criminal sexual abuse. Moore, 28, of Danville, Illinois, was arrested in June 1996 when several children, some as young as 4 years old, complained of being sexually abused after joining an informal witchcraft club led by Moore and Kimberly Harris. Harris, 26, pleaded guilty in October 1996 to fondling a 13-year-old girl and is serving a 7-year prison term.

Sgt. John Howard, a juvenile officer with the Vermilion County Sheriff’s Department, said that “there appeared to be a connection” between the sexual abuse and what he called “occult activity.” Prosecutors said Moore talked about black magic to both lure and terrorize his victims.

Moore was sentenced to 67 years in prison. (Kelley, 1997 and S.O.A.R., 1997).

Iowa

Edgewood

Michael Joseph Schildmeyer, 22, was convicted on second-degree sexual abuse of a 4-year-old boy and sentenced to 25 years in prison. The child testified that Schildmeyer abused him at the Sunshine Preschool and Day Care Center operated by Schildmeyer’s wife. The unlicensed center was shut down by the state after children began disclosing ritualistic acts involving stuffed animal decapitations, animal killings, and bondage with ropes and chains. (Hubert, 1989).

Massachusetts

Malden

Gerald Amirault, 32, was convicted in 1986 of 15 counts of child abuse, including rape and indecent assault, and sentenced to 30 to 40 years in prison. Nine children who attended the Fells Acre Day Care Center testified that Amirault sexually assaulted them in a “magic room” while dressed as a clown. One child testified that small animals were killed. (Ross, 1986).

His mother, Violet Amirault, 62, owner of the school, and her daughter, Cheryl Amirault LeFave, were given 8- to 20-year sentences.

In August 1995, a judge ordered new trials for Violet Amirault and Cheryl Amirault LeFave.** (Rabinowitz, 1995).

On March 24, 1997, the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts ruled against granting new trials for Violet Amirault, Gerald Amirault and Cheryl LeFave. The court determined that any flaws at trial were outweighed by the evidence presented by the prosecution. (The Survivor Activist, 1997).

Pittsfield

Bernard Baran, Jr., a 19-year-old teacher’s aide at a day care center, was convicted of child molestation in January 1985. He was sentenced to life, with parole possible in 15 years. Children testified that he threatened to kill their parents if they disclosed the abuse. (Newton, 1996).

Michigan

Niles

Allan Barkman, co-owner of Small World Preschool, was convicted in April, 1985, of molesting a 5-year-old boy and sentenced to 50 to 75 years in prison. Children told authorities they were driven to barns where Barkman photographed them and tore off the head of a chicken. Children said Barkman’s wife, who was not charged, dressed up as a witch. (Ross, 1986). Barkman’s conviction was later reversed on appeal.** (Newton, 1996).

Sanilac County

On October 20, 1994, Stephen Rogers, 30, and his live-in girlfriend, Trudy O’Connor, 32, were found guilty of first-degree child abuse of a 9-year-old girl. The girl, Roger’s daughter, was found in a dark walk-in closet by Sanilac County sheriff’s deputies. The child was shackled by her ankle to a urine-soaked bed. Her arms had been tied behind her back with a harness made of socks and safety pins. The only other thing in the closet was a large, frightening Halloween mask, which hung directly over the bed.

Family members said that Rogers and O’Connor believed the child was “possessed.” The girl’s maternal grandmother reported suspected sexual abuse in 1989 and 1990, after the little girl returned from visiting Rogers. A medical examination confirmed scar tissue. Teachers from the girl’s school testified that she appeared malnourished, had bruises, cuts and burns on her body, and often smelled of urine. (Flint Journal, 1994).

Minnesota

Jordan

James John Rud, a 27-year-old garbage collector with two previous sex abuse convictions, agreed to plead guilty and testify against other defendants accused of abusing children in sex orgies, in exchange for a lighter sentence. Rud gave police a 113-page statement in which he graphically described sadistic assaults on children. (Emmerman, 1984).

Children ranging in age from 2 to 17 years old described being molested by their parents, relatives and family friends during ritualistic orgies. The children talked about playing games with adults that culminated in sexual assaults and said they had been drugged with alcohol and pills. Many referred to being photographed nude and of seeing child pornography in Rud’s trailer. (Crewdson, 1984).

In addition to Rud, 24 adults were charged with molesting 37 children. (Emmerman, 1984). Two defendants were tried and acquitted when one child witness recanted his accusation of abuse. (Chicago Tribune, 1984). The prosecutor dropped the charges against all other defendants to avoid releasing 126 pages of police notes containing allegations that implicated some of the former defendants in ritualistic child murders. (Ogintz, 1984).

In January 1985, Rud was sentenced to 40 years in prison, the maximum sentence allowable by law. (Chicago Tribune, 1985).

Mississippi

Oxford

Danny Walter Schertz, 48, a self-avowed former satanist, was sentenced to 9 years in prison without parole for selling a 16-year-old girl into prostitution. Schertz pleaded guilty to charges of kidnapping by trickery and transporting a minor across state lines for prosecution.

F.B.I. agent Leonardo Floyd of Columbus, Mississippi, said Schertz controlled the girl with stories of his satanic powers and threats of harm to the girl and her family. Schertz forced the girl to have satanic symbols tattooed onto her leg and buttocks and to have body piercings in her private parts without anesthesia. (Kraft, 1996).

Nevada

Carson City

Martha Helen Felix and her nephew, Felix “Paco” Ontiveros, were convicted of crimes against children who were placed in their babysitting service. At a preliminary hearing in 1985, children referred to drinking blood, killing animals, and other rituals. Defendants’ photographs of “mummified children” were produced at the hearing. (Ross, 1986).

These convictions were later reversed on appeal.**

New Jersey

Maplewood

Margaret Kelly Michaels, a teacher at the Wee Care Nursery operated by an Episcopal Church was convicted in April 1988 on 115 counts of child sexual abuse and sentenced to 47 years in prison. Nineteen preschool-aged children testified that Michaels sexually abused them and subjected them to rituals involving urine, feces, peanut butter and jelly, bloody tampons and penetration with silverware.

Her conviction was overturned in March 1993 by an appeals court on the grounds that Michaels was denied a fair trial because expert testimony was introduced that should not have been allowed and because child witnesses were allowed to testify via closed-circuit TV.** (Chicago Tribune, 1993).

In December 1994, prosecutors dropped the charges against Michaels in order to spare the children the ordeal of testifying in a second trial. (Chicago Tribune, 1994).

Michaels is suing the prosecutors, seeking $800,000 in attorneys fees. (Chicago Tribune, 1996).

New York

Mount Vernon

Jeannette Martin, 51, was accused of holding children down while they were raped and sodomized at an unlicensed day care center. Martin was convicted on a misdemeanor child endangerment charge in February 1987, and sentenced to one year in jail.

Co-defendant James Watt, 31, was convicted on 11 rape counts, 5 sodomy counts and one count of child endangerment, and sentenced to 55 – 165 years in prison. In January 1992, an appellate court split 3 to 2 in favor of overturning Watts’ conviction on the grounds that the dates of the offenses alleged in the indictment were “too vague.” ** Two dissenting judges voted to uphold the conviction on 6 counts related to a single victim, but were overruled.

Three female victims were diagnosed with sexually transmitted diseases. (New York Times and New York Law Journal).

North Carolina

Edenton

Robert F. Kelly, Jr., co-owner of the Little Rascals Day Care Center, was convicted in 1992 on 99 of 100 counts of sexually abusing children. Kelly was sentenced to 12 consecutive life terms, one for each child who testified against him. (Chicago Tribune, April 23-24, 1992).

Twelve children testified that Kelly sexually molested them, forced them to have sex with other children while being photographed, and engaged in sexual acts in the presence of children. The children described being forced to eat feces, threatened with snakes, penetrated with toys, sticks and other objects, hung from trees and tied in bags, and being present while infants were killed. (Allegood, 1991-1992).

Kelly’s conviction was overturned on appeal in 1995.** The court ruled that parents’ testimony about children’s behavioral symptoms was outside the boundaries of permissible opinion from lay witnesses and that testimony from a victim’s father, who had previously been retained as Kelly’s defense attorney, should not have been allowed. (Richissin, 1995).

On May 23, 1997, prosecutors dropped all remaining charges against Robert F. Kelly, Jr. and Kathryn Dawn Wilson. Assistant District Attorney Nancy Lamb said the children’s parents were reluctant to put them through the ordeal of another trial. (Thompson, 1997). Kelly is awaiting trial on eight new counts of sexual abuse unrelated to the day care case. The eight new indictments charge Kelly with raping, abusing and taking indecent liberties with a 9-year-old girl during the summer of 1987. Kelly is free on bond while awaiting trial. (News & Observer, 1996).

Kathryn Dawn Wilson, 27, former cook at Little Rascals, was sentenced in 1993 to life in prison after being convicted of one charge of first-degree sex offense and four charges of taking indecent liberties with a minor. Four children testified that Wilson touched their genitals, forced them to participate in sexual acts, and had sex with Kelly in front of children. (Allegood, 1993).

Wilson’s appeal for a new trial was granted because information about an “irrelevant” theft and Wilson’s history of drug abuse was prejudicial and should have been excluded.** (Richissin, 1995).

Kelly’s wife, Elizabeth T. “Betsy” Kelly, 38, pleaded no contest on January 21, 1994, to 30 charges of abusing 16 children. She was sentenced to seven years in prison. (Allegood, 1994).

Willard Scott Privott, 45, a former video store owner, pleaded no contest June 16, 1994, to over 30 charges of sexually abusing children at the Little Rascals Day Care Center. Sixteen children said that Privott sexually fondled them, forced them to commit sexual acts with other children, with him and with day care employees, and photographed and videotaped the assaults. (Quillin, 1994). Some children allege Privott dressed as a pirate and took them on a boat where they said he molested them, and that he killed babies and fed them to sharks in a tank.

Smithfield

Patrick Figuered, a former electronics firm executive, was sentenced to three consecutive life terms in 1992, after being convicted of sexually abusing three children in 1988. The children, who were between the ages of 2 and 5 years old when the abuse occurred, testified that Figured and his girlfriend, Sonja Hill, molested them at the unlicensed child care center Hill’s mother operated from her home.

The children testified that they were drugged and videotaped during sexual assaults, sodomized with a screwdriver, and forced to participate in satanic rituals in which adults wore capes and masks, lit candles, burned Bibles, and forced children to drink urine and blood. (Soloway, 1992).

Sonja Hill pleaded no contest to aiding and abetting the taking of indecent liberties with children and was sentenced in July 1993, to 10 years in prison. (Eisley, 1993).

Winston-Salem

Ricky Martin Vernon, a former Boy Scout volunteer, pleaded guilty in 1989 to taking indecent liberties with 13 teenaged boys from 1981 – 1988, and was sentenced to 20 years in prison.

Vernon offered to initiate the boys into “The Order of the Circle.” In order to learn the ways of “The Circle,” they had to participate in religious rituals that included sex acts and a service that mimicked Christian communion. (News & Observer, 1989).

Ohio

Canton

Estella M. Sexton, 47, mother of 12 children, was convicted April 15, 1994, of sexually, physically and psychologically abusing her daughter. The charges relate to abuse that occurred five years ago when the daughter was eight years old. The girl testified that her mother beat her, stripped her and sexually fondled her. An older brother corroborated her story of abuse and described satanic rituals that took place in the home.

Sexton’s older daughter, Estella M. “Pixie” Good, 24, pleaded guilty earlier in 1994 to manslaughter in the death of her baby. She told authorities she smothered the baby after her father complained about the baby’s crying. (Knox, 1994).

Mansfield

Two teenage babysitters at the First Presbyterian Church were convicted of sexually abusing children while the victims’ parents attended church services. Lawrence Rohde, 19, was convicted in 1992 on 7 counts of gross sexual imposition and sentenced to 14 years in prison. (Boyd, 1992). Scott Butner, 17, pleaded guilty to 5 counts of rape and received a 5 to 10-year prison sentence. (Trexler, 1992).

As many as 50 children described being sexually abused and taken from the church to wooded areas where they said they were forced to participate in child pornography, infanticide, and mutilation of corpses. Victims’ parents demanded that charges be filed against adult church members who allegedly were involved, but only Rohde and Butner were indicted. (Hobbs, 1992).

Oregon

Roseburg

Ed Gallup, Sr., Mary Lou Gallup and their son, Ed “Chip” Gallup, Jr., who together ran three Gallup Christian Day Care Centers, were accused by over a hundred children of sexual molestation and ritual child abuse. Children described animal killings, pornography, and sexual abuse performed by adults wearing robes.

Ed “Chip” Gallup, Jr. was convicted on three charges of child sexual abuse involving two children. Ed Gallup, Sr., a Nazarene minister, was convicted on the testimony of a 5-year-old girl.

In November, 1989, Mary Lou Gallup’s conviction was reversed because of a discovery violation.**

Ed Gallup, Sr. and Ed “Chip” Gallup, Jr. are serving life terms.

Tennessee

Memphis

Frances Lucindy Ballard, a teacher’s aide at Georgia Hills Early Childhood Center, was convicted in 1987 on one count of aggravated sexual battery and sentenced to five years in prison.

Nineteen children had initially accused her of sexual assault in June 1984, with allegations including satanic rituals, death threats, and animal sacrifice.

In February 1991, Ballard’s conviction was overturned on grounds that one of several videotapes depicting police interviews with children had been taped over, and thus erased, before it could be viewed by the defense. Her other complaints, including allegations that the children had been brainwashed, were described by the court as “meritless.”** (Newton, 1996)

Texas

Austin

Frances and Daniel Keller, operators of Fran’s Day Care Center, were convicted in 1992 of aggravated sexual assault of a 3-year-old girl. The Kellers were sentenced to 48 years in prison.

Three children made allegations of abuse that included references to being buried alive with animals, painting pictures with bones dipped in blood, being shot and resurrected, digging up a body in a cemetary and nailing it together, having giant germs implanted in their bodies, and making pornographic movies at gunpoint. (Gamino, 1992).

El Paso

Two teachers at the YMCA day-care center were convicted of sexually abusing children in El Paso, Texas. Michelle Noble, 34, was convicted in March 1986 on 18 counts of molestation and sentenced to life plus 311 years in prison. Gayle Stickler Dove, 40, was convicted in October 1986, on 6 counts of child abuse and sentenced to three life terms plus 60 years.

Two boys and five girls described abuse that included sexual assault, child pornography, spankings with a plastic tennis racket, and occult-type ritual activities by adults dressed in robes and monster costumes.

Noble’s conviction was overturned in 1987 when an appeals court decided that allowing children to testify on videotape violated the defendant’s right to confront her accusers.** Several witnesses withdrew from the case, and without their testimony, Noble was acquitted at her second trial in April 1988.

Gayle Dove was granted a new trial in March 1987, after her conviction had been set aside on appeal due to an allegation of jury misconduct.** At her second trial, she was convicted on a single count of aggravated battery and sentenced to 20 years. In 1989, her second conviction was overturned on the grounds that three children should have testified in person, rather than on videotape.** In April 1990, prosecutors declined to try her a third time, citing the reluctance of the victims’ parents to put their children through the ordeal of another trial. (Newton, 1996).

Utah

Lehi

Alan B. Hadfield was convicted on seven counts of “sodomizing and sexually molesting” two of his children (Salt Lake Tribune, 1988) in a case in which as many as 40 adults in the community were implicated as perpetrators of satanic ritual abuse (Salt Lake Tribune, 1987). No other charges were filed.

Virginia

Richmond

In 1984 two children, ages 7 and 5, were removed from their home due to allegations that they had been sexually abused by their mother and her boyfriend. The children said they were forced to witness the murder of a 12-year-old girl during a cult ritual. The mutilated body of 12-year-old Jessica Hatch was discovered in a remote area of Hanover County. She had disapeared on February 5, 1984, while walking to her grandmother’s house.

Police found candles and occult paraphernalia, but said the children “would freeze up… we couldn’t tell whether they were telling the truth or fantasizing.” (Ross, 1986). The children were ruled incompetent to testify and the sexual abuse charges were dismissed.

Gary Jay Beattie, 28, a convicted “peeping Tom” and friend of the other two suspects, was arrested for making indecent proposals to a 9-year-old girl and two 13-year-old girls. All three girls knew Jessica Hatch and said that Beattie had also propositioned her. Beattie was acquitted of accosting the 9-year-old, but entered a plea bargain on outstanding sex charges involving the 13-year-old victims. His 5-year prison sentence was suspended.

In 1988 Beattie was arrested again on multiple charges of voyeurism. At his first trial in July 1988, he was sentenced to 60 days and a $500 fine. He received a 3-year prison term in the second trial. A third trial in October 1988 resulted in a mistrial because one of the jurors was related to a police officer who investigated the case. A retrial was held in December 1988, and Beattie was convicted on a misdemeanor charge, with a 12-month jail term suspended.

In September 1991, while still on probation, Beattie was arrested on new voyeurism charges.

No one has ever been charged with murdering Jessica Hatch, but local newspapers referred to Beattie as the “closest thing to a suspect.” County authorities cited a “strong possibility” that Jessica Hatch was killed in a satanic ritual. (Times-Dispatch and News Leader, 1988-1991).

Washington

Thurston County

Paul R. Ingram, a sheriff’s deputy, confessed in 1988 to sexually abusing two of his daughters in the context of satanic rituals. Ingram pleaded guilty to six counts of third-degree rape and was sentenced to 220 years in prison.

Later, he attempted to withdraw his guilty plea, claiming he had been coerced and had confessed while in a “trance-like state” to crimes he never committed. In September 1992, the Washington State Supreme Court rejected Ingram’s motion to withdraw his guilty plea. (Wright, 1993).

Wenatchee

Five adults were convicted and 11 pleaded no contest in a child sex-ring investigation involving 48 child victims.

Selid Holt, 34, was convicted and sentenced to 14 years in prison; Michael Rose, 26, was convicted on 5 counts of child rape and molestation and sentenced to 23 years; Doris Green, 34, who confessed and then recanted her statement, was convicted at trial and sentenced to 23 years; Randall Reed, 43, pleaded guilty on two counts of child molestation and was sentenced to 80 months; Meredith Town, 37, an ex-convict who pleaded no contest on 62 counts of child rape and 4 counts of indecent liberties, was sentenced to 18 years and 4 months; Cherie Town (Meredith Town’s wife), also pleaded nolo contendere and was sentenced to 10 years; Harold and Idella Everett both pleaded guilty to molesting their own children, with Harold sentenced to 23 years and Idella to 4 1/2 years. (Newton, 1996).

Child victims referred to the offenders as “The Circle” and described being sexually assaulted and “swapped” in orgies that allegedly took place at a Pentecostal Church. (Sunde, 1995).

Despite defendants’ criticism of the investigation, a review by the U.S. Justice Department found no evidence that defendants’ civil rights were violated. (Sex Crimes Digest, 1996).

Canada

Prescott, Ontario

Approximately 50 adults were convicted or pleaded guilty in a child sex ring involving over 100 children.

Children described being abused in a basement by adults wearing masks and sheets. They said they were raped, cut with knives, forced to drink blood, and locked in a “dungeon” with a trap door. (Miller, 1995).

A multi-disciplinary team of social workers, prosecutors and police investigating the case took the code name “Project Jericho” to honor Joshua, a baby witnesses say was killed. (Steed, 1994).

Martensville, Saskatchewan

Travis Sterling, 25, was convicted in February, 1994, on eight charges of sexual and physical abuse of children at his parents’ unlicensed day care home. Sterling was sentenced to five years in prison.

Travis Sterling and his parents, Ron and Linda Sterling, were among nine people, including five police officers, arrested on more than 150 child abuse charges. Seven child witnesses testified to abuse that included sexual assault, unlawful confinement and anal intercourse. Weapons, a vibrator and pornographic magazines were found in the Sterling home.

In addition to Travis Sterling, a 22-year-old woman who can not be identified because she was a minor at the time of her offenses, was convicted in 1993 on seven child abuse counts. (Wattie, 1994).

England

Nottingham

Twenty-five children were removed from an extended family and taken into foster care following disclosures of incest and ritual child abuse. In February, 1989, nine adults were sentenced for up to 10 years in prison after pleading guilty to 53 charges of incest, cruelty and indecent assault. The children described being abused by adults wearing costumes, being forced to eat excrement and drink blood, and witnessing the killing of animals and babies. (Tate, 1991).

The Netherlands

Amsterdam

Rene Osterwalder, 38, and his girlfriend, Agostina Schonenberger, 21, were convicted in February 1994 of illegal weapons charges and attempted child abduction. Schonenberger testified that Osterwalder had planned to abduct children, torture them to death in his apartment, and dump their bodies into an aquarium filled with piranhas.

Because the abductions apparently had not been carried out, Osterwalder was sentenced to only 2 years in prison; Schonenberger was sentenced to 6 months. However, they were ordered to serve their sentences in Switzerland, where they face more serious charges of child torture and sexual abuse.

Police found the following evidence in a search of the couple’s residences:

* Six videotapes showing Osterwalder abusing three children ranging in age from 6 months to 12 years old. The children were given electric shocks, held under water and resuscitated, and abused with feces and needles;

* Two tanks of hydrochloric acid in Switzerland and an aquarium with piranhas in Amsterdam. (Osterwalder owned two homes in Amsterdam; one was a former satanic church);

* A fully equipped torture chamber in Switzerland;

* Gynecological equipment, including a culposcope, speculum and extractor;

* Professional video equipment;

* An Uzi rifle with laser visor, hundreds of bullets, two wristweapons and a shooting pen; and

* Luggage with air openings, hand cuffs, and gags.

Osterwalder admitted he was a pedophile but insisted he had no plan to kidnap children. (Jonker, 1993 and Newton, 1996)

New Zealand

Christchurch

Peter Hugh McGregor Ellis, 35, a former day care employee, was convicted June 5, 1993, on 16 counts of sexual abuse relating to seven children. Ellis was sentenced to 10 years in prison.

Children who attended Christchurch Civic Creche described bizarre sexual abuse with references to frightening rituals. The children allege they were removed from the day care facility and transported to other locations, including a cemetary and a Masonic lodge, where they were abused by adults dressed in black and white and wearing masks. In addition to their reports of being used for pornographic purposes, the children described being abused within a circle; chanting and participating in mock marriages; being tied up and confined in cages and boxes buried beneath the ground; being penetrated with needles and sticks; witnessing the torture and killing of animals; being drugged; being forced to hurt other children; having blood poured over their heads; and consuming what they believed was human fles

Other Evidence

In addition to convictions other evidence has surfaced verifying the existence of ritual abuse of children. Several case examples are given below:

New Hampshire

On March 1, 1991, FBI agents arrested three men suspected of running a major child pornography ring. The three men charged were Wayne H. Bailey, 56, of Fairhaven, RI, an audio technician for a Providence, RI television station; Brian K. Schultz, 44, a Barrington, NH man who allegedly reproduced child pornography under the name “New England Video Exchange”; and Mark Colen, 44, from Brooklyn, CT, who headed a company that reproduced and distributed alleged pornographic films.

Law enforcement officials said videotapes recovered in searches of the men’s homes and businesses depicted pregnant women being tortured, children being molested by adults, young women engaged in sexual activities with animals, children urinating on each other and ingesting human feces, and various bizarre sex acts with “satanic” overtones. Some of the children were as young as six years old. (Ford, 1991 and Gaines, 1991).

District of Columbia

A police raid of a home and warehouse connected to the commune known as “The Finders” resulted in the seizure of “several bags of evidence reportedly containing photographs, computer records and other documents.” (Cawley, 1987). A customs agent investigating the case noted that the documents “revealed detailed instructions for obtaining children for unspecified purposes.” (Tamarkin, 1994).

The customs agent’s report listed the following evidence:

“One telex specifically ordered the purchase of two children in Hong Kong. Other files referred to The Finders activities and members in foreign countries. And there was a large amount of data collected on various childcare organizations.”

“In one area of the warehouse, according to the investigator’s report, there appeared to be an altar. Jars of urine and feces were located nearby. The search warrants also turned up nude photos of children with their genital areas accented and ‘on display.’ An album cotained a series of photos of adults and children dressed in white sheets and participating in the execution, disembowelment, skinning and dismemberment of goats. One photo showed the testes of a male goat being removed. Another showed a crying child looking at a decapitated goat. In fact, the goat’s head and goat skins were removed by Virginia state police during a search of a farm belonging to The Finders group.” (Tamarkin, 1994).

Despite the urgings of the customs agent and several U.S. Representatives, The Finders case was dropped “like a hot rock.” (Wilkin, 1993).

Belgium

Authorities are investigating a possible link between Belgium’s child sex and murder scandal and a self-styled Satanic Order of Abrasax. Police seized 500 video cassettes believed to show hard-core child pornography, computer discs, two human skulls and jars of animal blood. (Sunday Express, 1997 and Sunday Times, 1996)

Finland

Police in Finland discovered a “massive computer library of child pornography that included pictures of torture, mutilation, and cannibalism.” The owner of the child pornography was not arrested because distributing hard-core child pornography is a minor offense in Finland. (World, 1996.)

References

Allegood, J. (1991). “Abuse trial opens.” The News & Observer, August 20.

“Child, 5, alleges more abuse at trial.” The News & Observer, August 27.

“Mother says son told her of satanic chants at center.” The News & Observer, Sept. 11.

Allegood, J. (1993). “Jurors convict Rascals cook.” The News & Observer, Jan. 27.

Allegood, J. (1994). “No contest plea in Little Rascals child-sex case.” The News & Observer, January 22.

“Arkansas teen faces death sentence in murder of 3 boys.” Chicago Tribune, March 20, 1994.

Beifuss, J. (1994). “Misskelley guilty in boys’ slayings.” The Commercial Appeal, February 5.

Boyd, B. (1992). “Rohde guilty on 7 counts.” News Journal, March 18.

Cawley, Janet. (1987) “2 cult children show signs of sex abuse,” Chicago Tribune, February 9.

“Child abuser gets 12 life sentences.” (1992). Chicago Tribune, April 24.

“Child Exploitation,” World (USA Today), September 7, 1996, p. 10.

“Child molester gets 40 years in Minnesota case.” (1985), Chicago Tribune, January 19.

Crewdson, J., Emmerman, L. and Ogintz, E. (1984) “Sexual abuse case continues to haunt town in Minnesota.” Chicago Tribune, December 16.

“Dad says girl was chained to restrict her self-abuse.” Flint Journal, March 21, 1994.

“Day-care owner guilty on 99 child abuse counts.” (1992). Chicago Tribune. April 23.

“Discovery of bound girl confirms many suspicions.” Flint Journal, February 19, 1994.

Eisley, M. (1993). “Woman loses gamble in sex abuse plea bargain.” The News & Observer, July 6.

Emmerman, L. (1984). “Charges of child sex-abuse ring rock town.” Chicago Tribune, August 27.

Emmerman, L. (1984). “Witness recants sex-ring story.” Chicago Tribune.

“Fells Acre Day-Care: Amiraults May Return to Prison.” The Survivor Activist (14), Vol. 5, No. 1, Spring, 1997.

Ford, Beverly. (1991). “Parents eye porn-ring link.” The Boston Herald, March 11.

Ford, Beverly. (1991). “Cape parents want porn case reopened.” The Boston Herald, March 18.

“Former Critic Reverses, Says ‘The System Worked,’“ Sex Crimes Digest, 1996.

Gaines, Judith. (1991). “Three Men Charged With Running N.E. Child Pornography Ring.” The Boston Globe, March 2.

Gamino, D. and P. Ward. (1992). “Garden of horror.” Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Dec. 20.

Hobbs, M.A. (1992). “Tales of satanism divide Mansfield.” The Plain Dealer, November 29.

Hollingsworth, J. (1986). Unspeakable Acts. Chicago: Congden and Weed.

Hubert, C. (1989). “Day-care abuse stuns Iowa town.” Daily Herald, December 4.

Jonker, F. and Jonker-Bakker, P. (1993). “Actuality in the Netherlands,” European Network for Backlash Research Newsletter Number 2, December.

“Judge orders couple to trial on charges of child abuse.” Flint Journal, 1994.

Kelley, M. “Ritual child-abuse allegations draw attention to Danville case.” The Associated Press, January 27, 1997.

Knox, D. (1994). “Sexton mother guilty of abuse.” Akron Beacon Journal, April 15.

Kraft, B. P.. (1996). “Ex-Satanist to Serve 9 Years on Sex Charges.” Clarion-Ledger.

“Little Rascals case reopened.” (1996). The News & Observer, April 30.

“Man convicted of luring boys to sex rituals.” (1989). The News & Observer, August 27.

McCullers, L.C. (1994). “Case overview.” July 14.

Miller, J. (1995). “Walls came a’ tumbling.” Winnipeg Free Press, April 3.

“Molestation case,” Northwest Herald, August 14, 1996.

“Murder suspect linked to Satanism.” Chicago Tribune, June 6, 1993.

“Murders of 8-year-olds reportedly a cult ritual.” Chicago Tribune, June 8, 1993.

New York Law Journal. (1992). January 16.

New York Times. ( 1985 – 1987).

News Leader, May, 1988 – September 1991.

Newton, M. (1996) Guilty As Charged. Presentation at the International Council on Cultism and Ritual Trauma Conference, April 12-14, Dallas, Texas.

“No contest plea in Little Rascals child-sex case.” (1994). The News & Observer, Jan. 22.

Ogintz, E. (1984). “Dropping of sex cases investigated,” Chicago Tribune, October 17.

“Pair guilty of abuse in chaining girl to bed.” Flint Journal, October 21, 1994.

“Parole denied for Little Rascals co-owner.” (1994). The News & Observer, April 16.

Perrusquia, M. and B. Sullivan. (1993). “Occult publications draw scrutiny in triple slayings.” The Commercial Appeal, September 29.

“Prosecutors sued.” (1996), Chicago Tribune, June 16.

Quillin, M. (1994). “Little Rascals defendant pleads no contest, will go free.” The News & Observer, June 17.

Richissin, Todd. (1995). “Rascals convictions overturned.” The News & Observer, May 3.

Ross, A.S. (1994). “Blame it on the Devil.” Redbook, June, 86-89, 110, 114, 116.

Ross, A.S. (1986). “Sensational cases across the country.” San Francisco Examiner, September 29.

Salt Lake Tribune, January 13, 1988.

Salt Lake Tribune, December 16, 1987.

“Satanic Link Feared in the search for young victims.” Sunday Express, January 12, 1997.

“Satanic Links to Belgian Murder Trail.” Sunday Times, December 29, 1996.

“Sentencing ends child abuse ordeal.” (1994). The Atlanta Journal/The Atlanta Constitution, June 21.

S.O.A.R. Newsletter, Vol. 6, No. 6, May/June, 1997.

Soloway, C. (1992). “Raleigh man sentenced to 3 life terms for abuse.” The News & Observer, October.

“Son comes to parents’ defense in child-sex trial.” (1984), Chicago Tribune.

Steed, J. (1994). Our Little Secret: Comfronting Child Sexual Abuse in Canada. Toronto: Random House.

Sullivan, B. (1994). “Prosecutors seek to link occult in 3 boys’ deaths.” The Commercial Appeal, March 8.

Sullivan, B. (1994). “Witness: Baldwin said he tasted boy’s blood.” The Commercial Appeal, February 5.

Sullivan, B. (1994). “Echols gets death; Baldwin spared.” The Commercial Appeal, March 20.

Tamarkin, Civia (1994). “Investigative Issues in Ritual Abuse Cases, Part II.” Treating Abuse Today, 4(5), 5-9.

Tate, T. (1991). Children for the Devil: Ritual Abuse and Satanic Crime. London: Methuen.

“Teacher’s molestation conviction overturned.” (1993), Chicago Tribune, March 27.

Thompson, E. “Charges dropped in massive sex case.” The Associated Press, May 24, 1997.

Times-Dispatch, May 1988 – September 1991.

Trexler, P. (1992). “Butner pleads guilty.” News Journal, February 21.

“2 teens convicted in slayings of 3 Arkansas boys.” Chicago Tribune, March 19, 1994.

“21 to tell of abuse at school.” (1989). The Orlando Sentinel, April 5.

Wattie, C. (1994). “Child-abuser gets bail in Martensville case.” The Gazette (Montreal), February 10.

“Witch charged with sexually assaulting boy.” The News-Times, August 2, 1996.

“Witch trial.” Northwest Herald, August 22, 1996 and October 13, 1996.

Witkin, Gordon and Peter Cary. (1993). “Through a glass, very darkly.” U.S. News & World Report, December 27.

Wright, L. (1993). “Remembering Satan.” The New Yorker.

* Because ritual abuse allegations often are not disclosed in courtroom proceedings, this list represents only a portion of convictions where ritual child abuse is a factor.

** A conviction is overturned on appeal when the appellate court finds that the defendant was denied a fair trial due to a legal error. Granting an appeal for a new trial does not constitute a ruling that the crime for which the defendant was originally tried could not have been committed.

 

 

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