Category Archives: Freedom is Not Free

World Wars I & II, Middle East History & the STATE OF ISRAEL

In 1898, Sultan Abdul Hamid II purchased rifles from Germany’s Kaiser Wilhelm II for use in liquidating Turkey’s Armenian population in exchange for granting Germany rights to build an Istanbul-Baghdad railway to access Iraq’s oil fields.

Sultan Abdul Hamid II was deposed and on January 23, 1913, three Pashas: Ismail Enver Pasha, Mehmed Talaat Pasha, and Ahmed Djemal Pasha–known as “The Young Turks” –staged a Ottoman coup d’état in Turkey.

Turkey then waged the Balkan Wars and began a genocide of millions of Armenians, Assyrians, Greeks, and other minorities in their plan of “Ottomanization”–creating a centralized, homogeneous nation of one race, one language, and one religion–Islam.

Kaiser Wilhelm II quickly sent military officers to train and upgrade Turkey’s forces, resulting in a Ottoman-German Alliance.

In 1914, World War I began, involving more than 70 million military personnel and resulting in over 38 million casualties.

Allied Powers included: Britain, France, Russia, Serbia, Montenegro, Belgium, Japan, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Hejaz, Greece, Thailand Siam, and the United States.

Central Powers included: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Turkish Ottoman Empire.

As World War I progressed, Britain’s war effort was hindered by their ineffective manufacturing of explosives.

Britain’s situation suddenly changed when a chemist made a breakthrough in synthesizing the needed solvent “acetone” by using a bacterial fermentation process.

The chemist was Dr. Chaim Weizmann, born NOVEMBER 27, 1874.
His Jewish family had immigrated from Russia after Anti-Jewish pogroms of 1881-1884, the stories of which were the basis for the famous musical Fiddler on the Roof.

In gratitude for Dr. Chaim Weizmann’s significant contributions to the nation’s military, Britain’s Foreign Secretary Lord Arthur Balfour issued the Balfour Declaration, November 2, 1917, establishing a home for Jews in the former Turkish land now under British control.

In his autobiography, Trial and Error (1949), Dr. Weizmann recounted his response to Lord Balfour’s initial offer of giving Jews the British controlled country of Uganda:

“‘Mr. Balfour, supposing I was to offer you Paris instead of London, would you take it?’ He sat up, looked at me, and answered: ‘But Dr. Weizmann, we have London.’ ‘That is true,’ I said, ‘but we had Jerusalem when London was a marsh.’

He … said two things which I remember vividly. The first was: ‘Are there many Jews who think like you?’ I answered: ‘I believe I speak the mind of millions of Jews whom you will never see and who cannot speak for themselves’ … To this he said: ‘If that is so you will one day be a force.'”

British Prime Minister Lloyd-George had met with Chaim Weizmann in 1916, writing in his War Memoirs:

“(Weizmann) explained his aspirations as to the repatriation of the Jews to the sacred land they had made famous. That was the fount and origin of the famous declaration about the National Home for the Jews in Palestine … As soon as I became Prime Minister I talked the whole matter over with Mr Balfour, who was then Foreign Secretary.”

In January of 1919, thirty-two nations met at the Paris Peace Conference where they agreed to the Treaty of Versailles and planned the League of Nations.

Delegates formally determined the fate of post-war Europe, intending to follow Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points and the principle of self-determination, where people of different ethnic backgrounds would be allowed to determine their own fate.


Lands which had been controlled by the defeated Central Powers of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Turkish Ottoman Empire, were divided up to create homelands for Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, Finns, Hungarians, Slovenes, Serbs, Bosnians, Montenegrins and Croats.

The Balfour Declaration gave an area called the British Mandate to the Jews, stretching from Lebanon and Syria in the North; to Egypt and Arabia in the South; from the Mediterranean in the East; to Iraq in the West.


The inspiration for Jews resettling their homeland came from Theodore Herzl’s Zionist movement, which initially grew out of America’s 19th century Second Great Awakening Religious Revival where evangelical Christians preached that Jewish resettlement was necessary before Christ’s coming and the Advent of the Millennium.

Lord Balfour addressed a Jewish gathering, February 7,1918:

“My personal hope is that the Jews will make good in Palestine and eventually found a Jewish state. It is up to them now; we have given them their great opportunity.”

Also, during World War I, an obscure British lieutenant serving in Cairo, T.E. Lawrence, had been sent off to assess if undisciplined Arab tribes were capable of helping to fight Ottoman Turks.

Instead of simply reporting back, T.E. Lawrence took it upon himself to persuade Arabs to fight the Turks in exchange for an unauthorized promises of land.


Lawrence’s promise conflicted with a Sykes-Picot Agreement of 1916 between Britain, France and Russia for governing the post-war Middle East and Turkey, thus laying the groundwork for future land disputes, especially after Russia’s fall in the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.

Democrat President Woodrow Wilson expressed enthusiastic support of Israel, as he wrote to Rabbi Stephen A. Wise, 1918:

“I think all Americans will be deeply moved by the report that … the Weizmann commission has been able to lay the foundation of the Hebrew University at Jerusalem.”

Rabbi Stephen A. Wise described Woodrow Wilson: “He is one of the great presidents of American history.”

Justice Louis Brandeis, who was nominated by Woodrow Wilson to the U.S. Supreme Court, told Reform Rabbis in April 1915:

“The undying longing of Jews for Palestine is a fact of deepest significance; that it is a manifestation in the struggle for existence by an ancient people which has established its right to live, a people whose three thousand years of civilization has produced a faith, culture and individuality which enable it to contribute largely in the future, as it has in the past.”

During World War I, the leader who cooperated with the British by leading the Arab Revolt against the Turks was the Hashemite Sharif of Mecca, Hussein ibn-Ali. He stated in 1918:

“The resources of the country are still virgin soil and will be developed by the Jewish immigrants … That the country (is) for its original sons, for all their differences, a sacred and beloved homeland.”

Hussein ibn-Ali’s son, Faisal ibn-Husseini, was recognized by Britain as the new King of Syria and Iraq.


Faisal represented the Arab nations at the Paris Peace Conference, and signed the Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, January 3, 1919, adopting the Balfour principles:

“Article IV-All necessary measures shall be taken to encourage and stimulate immigration of Jews into Palestine on a large scale, and as quickly as possible to settle Jewish immigrants upon the land through closer settlement and intensive cultivation of the soil.”

Faisal wrote a letter, March 3, 1919, to Felix Frankfurter, who was later nominated to the U.S. Supreme Court by Franklin D. Roosevelt. The letter stated:

“We feel that the Arabs and Jews are cousins in having suffered similar oppressions at the hands of powers stronger than themselves …

We Arabs, especially the educated among us look with the deepest sympathy on the Zionist movement …


We will wish the Jews a most hearty welcome home …
With the chiefs of your movement, especially with Dr. Weizmann, we … continue to have the closest relations. He has been a great helper of our cause, and I hope the Arabs may soon be in a position to make the Jews some return for their kindness …

… Our two movements complete one another. The Jewish movement is national and not imperialist. Our movement is national and not imperialist, and there is room in Syria for us both …

People … less responsible than our leaders … have been trying to exploit the local difficulties that must necessarily arise in Palestine … to make capital out of what they call our differences.”

Felix Frankfurter replied:

“ROYAL HIGHNESS: Allow me … to acknowledge your recent letter with deep appreciation.

Those of us who come from the United States have already been gratified by the friendly relations … between you and the Zionist leaders, particularly Dr. Weizmann

We knew that the aspirations of the Arab and the Jewish peoples were parallel, that each aspired to re-establish its nationality in its own homeland, each making its own distinctive contribution to civilization, each seeking its own peaceful mode of life …

The Arabs and Jews are neighbors in territory; we cannot but live side by side as friends.”

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In 1920, a hastily convened San Remo Conference gave France a “mandate” to oversee post-war Syria. France immediately invaded and expelled Faisal, leaving him King only of Iraq.


Faisal’s brother, Abdullah, planned to mount an attack, but Winston Churchill persuaded him not to, agreeing instead to recognize Abdullah as King of a part of the British protectorate which had previously been given to the Jews. It was named “Transjordan” as it was on the other side of the Jordan River.


In an abrupt turn against the Jews, Britain issued White Papers in 1922 deterring further Jewish resettlement of their homeland–a proposal ironically instigated by Britain’s anti-Zionist Jews.

Chaim Weizmann referred to these anti-Zionist Jews, which included Claude Montefiore, Lord Reading, Edwin Montagu and Lucien Wolf, in his autobiography, Trial and Error (1949):

“Their secular representative, the secretary of the Conjoint Committee, was Mr. Lucien Wolf … in whom the opposition to Zionism was a mixture of principle and of personal idiosyncrasy …

He resented the rise of what he called ‘foreign Jews’ in England, looked upon the Foreign Office as his patrimony — he was of an old Anglo-Jewish family — and put me down as a poacher …

Zionism was in his view a purely East European movement … beneath the notice of respectable British Jews.

It was … impossible for him to understand that English non-Jews did not look upon his anti-Zionism as the hallmark of a superior loyalty.

It was never borne in on him that men like Balfour, Churchill, Lloyd George, were deeply religious, and believed in the Bible, that to them the return of the Jewish people to Palestine was a reality, so that we Zionists represented to them a great tradition for which they had enormous respect …”

Chaim Weizmann continued:
“I remember Prime Minister Lloyd George saying to me, a few days before the issuance of the Balfour Declaration:

‘I know that with the issuance of this Declaration I shall please one group of Jews and displease another. I have decided to please your group because you stand for a great idea.'”


Meanwhile, in 1924, King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud of the House of Saud, allied withfundamentalist Wahhabi (Salafi) movement to oust Hussein bin Ali, the brother of King Faisal of Iraq and King Abdullah of Transjordan.

This ended the Hashemite rule in Arabia, and discontinued the tradition of their relatively moderate descendants being the “Sharif of Mecca”– a role they had held since the 10th century.

In 1937, Standard Oil Company of California discovered oil in Saudi Arabia, and within a few decades, Saudi Arabia went from the poorest Muslim country to the richest.

An Arabian-American Oil Company was formed called “Aramco.”

King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud practiced Islamic polygamy, having many wives and 45 sons. With his new found wealth, he began to spread the fundamentalist Wahhabi (Salafi) Sharia version of Islam, which has the goal of establishing global Caliphate of Islamic Sharia domination.

Meanwhile, World War II began in 1939, involving more than 30 countries and over 100 million people.

Fatalities are estimated as high as 85 million, making it the deadliest war in human history.


During the war, millions of Jews were persecuted and killed in Europe by Germany’s National Socialist Workers Party.

Hitler initially expelled Jews from Europe, from where many found a way to their ancient homeland.


The Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin al-Husseini, traveled to Berlin and met with Hitler on November 28, 1941. confirming their mutual hatred of “the English, the Jews, and the Communists.”


Haj Amin al-Husseini insisted Hitler publicly commit to “the elimination of the Jewish national home.”

During World War II, Democrat President Franklin Roosevelt coined the name “United Nations” for the Allied countries working together against the Axis Powers.

Roosevelt explained that the goal of this new organization included protecting Jews, March 24, 1944:

“The United Nations are fighting to make a world in which tyranny and aggression cannot exist …

In one of the blackest crimes of all history — begun by the Nazis … the wholesale systematic murder of the Jews of Europe goes on unabated … Hundreds of thousands of Jews … are now threatened with annihilation as Hitler’s forces descend

The United Nations have made it clear that they will pursue the guilty … All who knowingly take part in the deportation of Jews to their death … are equally guilty with the executioner.”

On November 11, 1942, President Franklin Roosevelt complimented the Jewish Theological Seminary of America: “A victory of the United Nations is to be a world of enduring peace … founded on renewed loyalty to the spiritual values …

In cooperation with Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant scholars … it will in time, I trust, become an increasingly powerful instrument for enlightening men of all faiths.”

Near the end of World War II, February 4-11, 1945, President Franklin D. Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin at the Yalta Conference to decide how to divide up post-war Europe.

Roosevelt, being in a feeble condition just two months before his death, capitulated to Stalin’s demand that millions of Eastern Europeans be dominated by the totalitarian Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

On his way home from the Yalta Conference, in declining health, Franklin Roosevelt stopped in Saudi Arabia to meet with King Abdul Aziz ibn Saud on the USS Quincy in the Suez Canal, February 14, 1945.

Roosevelt’s intention was to persuade the Saudi King to support Jewish immigration to Palestine.

The King Abdul Aziz slaughtered a goat on deck for their meal, then proceeded to convince Roosevelt to abandon his plans of supporting the Jewish homeland.

Saudi King Abdul Aziz then persuaded the ailing Roosevelt to make a secret oil-for-security agreement, where the United States would supply military assistance, training and built a military base in Arabia in exchange for secure access to Saudi oil.

The Saudi King followed up with a letter to Roosevelt, who wrote back, April 5, 1945, promising that the United States would not to recognize a Jewish State.

One week later, Roosevelt was dead of his illnesses.

The next President, Harry S Truman, immediately proceeded with plans to recognize the State of Israel.

The United Nations Charter was signed June 26, 1945, by 51 member nations.

One of its first acts was the recognition of the State of Israel in 1948.

The negotiator of the Middle East Armistice Agreement was Ralph Bunche, the African American diplomat who received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.


On November 29, 1948, Democrat President Harry S Truman wrote to Dr. Chaim Weizmann, the first President of Israel:

“I remember well our conversations about the Negeb … I agree fully with your estimate of the importance of the area to Israel, and I deplore any attempt to take it away from Israel.

I had thought that my position would have been clear to all the world, particularly in the light of the specific wording of the Democratic Party platform.”


The 1948 Democrat Party Platform stated:

President Truman, by granting immediate recognition to Israel, led the world in extending friendship and welcome to a people who have long sought and justly deserve freedom and independence.

…We pledge full recognition to the State of Israel.
We affirm our pride that the United States under the leadership of President Truman played a leading role in the adoption of the resolution of November 29, 1947, by the United Nations General Assembly for the creation of a Jewish State.

We approve the claims of the State of Israel to the boundaries set forth in the United Nations resolution of November 29th and consider that modifications thereof should be made only if fully acceptable to the State of Israel.
We look forward to the admission of the State of Israel to the United Nations and its full participation in the international community of nations.

…We pledge appropriate aid to the State of Israel in developing its economy and resources.
We favor the revision of the arms embargo to accord to the State of Israel the right of self-defense.”

Harry S Truman recorded in his book, Memoirs-Volume Two: Years of Trial and Hope, 1956, of a note he had written to an assistant: “I surely wish God Almighty would give the Children of Israel an Isaiah, the Christians a St. Paul, and the Sons of Ishmael a peep at the Golden Rule.”


President Truman concluded his letter to Israel’s President Dr. Chaim Weizmann, November 29, 1948: “I have interpreted my re-election as a mandate … to carry out … the plank on Israel … In closing, I want to tell you how happy and impressed I have been at the remarkable progress made by the new State of Israel.”

Dr. Chaim Weizmann had stated: “I think that the God of Israel is with us.”

 

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Counter-terrorism and counter-law

Quick one: here are the title, abstract and references of a paper I’ve just submitted for publication. (Fuller, Hegel and Bhaskar, together at last!) Terrorism: that obscure object of counter…

Source: Counter-terrorism and counter-law

ISLAM to DARK AGES to AGE OF DISCOVERY to RENAISSANCE to REFORMATION to RELIGIOUS WARS to REVOLUTION

 

ISLAM to DARK AGES
to AGE OF DISCOVERY
to RENAISSANCE
to REFORMATION
to RELIGIOUS WARS
to REVOLUTION
In 12 years after Mohammed’s death, 632-644 AD, Muslim jihadists conquered the Eastern Roman Empire, Syria, Palestine, Eastern Anatolia, Armenia, Upper Egypt, Lower Egypt and North Africa.
Muslim pirates then terrorized the Mediterranean, blockading trade routes. This caused economic disaster in Roman Europe by diminishing products moving East to West.An important item no longer shipped was papyrus — reeds from the Nile delta which were used for paper in Europe.
The sudden shortage of paper contributed to a decline in literacy, fewer books being written, and Europe entering the DARK AGES.
Similar to present-day reports of ISIS destroying 100,000 ancient books in the Central Library of Mosul, Iraq, the 7th century account is related of Muslim warriors destroying Egypt’s ancient library in Alexandria — the largest and oldest library in the world.

The incident, according to Abd-Al-Latif of Baghdad (1162-1231), Jamal Ad-din Al-Kufti (1169-1248), and Bar Hebraeus (1226-1286), was that when Caliph Omar was asked what to do with Alexandria’s Library, he replied:

“If those books are in agreement with the Qur’an, we have no need of them; and if these are opposed to the Qur’an, destroy them.”

It supposedly took 6 months to burn them all.


Muslim Caliph Al-Ma’mun of the Abbasid Dynasty ordered raiders to break into the Great Pyramid of Giza in 832 AD in search of treasure.


An Islamic Hadiths is:
“Do not leave an image without obliterating it, or a high grave without leveling it. This hadith has been reported by Habib with the same chain of transmitters and he said: Do not leave a picture without obliterating it.” (Hadith Bk 4, No. 2115)

Six hundred years later, Ottoman Muslims sacked Constantinople in 1453.
Graves were desecrated and the largest Christian Church in the world, the Hagia Sophia, was turned into a mosque.
The Ottoman conquest ended land trade routes from Europe to India and China.This led explorer Vasco de Gama to sail from Portugal around South Africa to India, 1497-1499, preceded five years earlier by Christopher Columbus attempting to sail west to India in 1492.  Convinced he had reached India, Columbus named the people he met “Indians.”
This began a period of exploration known as the AGE OF DISCOVERY.
Ottoman Muslims invaded further into the Greece Byzantine Empire, destroying churches, schools, museums art, and graves.Greeks hurriedly fled with their treasures, art and literature to Florence, Italy.This flood of ancient culture into Western Europe sparked a re-discovery of Greek culture called the RENAISSANCE.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), considered one of the Fathers of the French Revolution, owned a dog he named “Sulan.” He wrote a Discourse on the Arts and Sciences, 1750 (translated by Ian Johnston), stating:

“Europe had fallen back into the barbarity … A revolution was necessary to bring men back to common sense, and it finally came from a quarter where one would least expect it. It was the stupid Muslim, the eternal blight on learning, who brought about its rebirth among us.

The collapse of the throne of Constantine carried into Italy the debris of ancient Greece. France, in its turn, was enriched by these precious remnants. The sciences soon followed letters. To the art of writing was joined the art of thinking.”

As the wealth of Greek Byzantine Empire flowed into Florence, Italy, many were made rich, most notably the families of Medici and Borgia, who financed artists Michelangelo and Leonardo DaVinci.

Condemning the rising materialism and sensualism in Florence was the religious preacher Savonarola, leading a notable Christian revival, inspiring crowds of thousands.

Political leaders succeeded in having him excommunicated, arrested, tortured and executed.

Greek scholars fleeing the Ottoman invasion also brought to Europe the Greek Bible, which was translated by Erasmus.

This interest in the original language of New Testament–Greek–contributed to the REFORMATION, begun by Martin Luther in 1517.


The King of France, Francis I, caused a scandal in Europe by making an alliance with Muslim Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent against Italy, Spain and England.


Francis I ordered the punishment of religious dissidents known as Waldensians.

Over the next century, RELIGIOUS WARS resulted in tragic atrocities committed by both Protestant and Catholic armies against each other.


Lorenzo de’ Medici
, to whom Niccolò Machiavelli dedicated his notorious book, The Prince, 1515, had his daughter, Catherine de’ Medici, marry the next King of France, Henry II.

Henry II suppressed Protestant Huguenots in France.

After his death, Catherine de’ Medici was credited with the St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre in Paris in 1572, after which Protestants fled France.


Catherine de’ Medici’s teenage son, King Francis II, was married to Mary-Queen of Scots, as France had for centuries helped Scotland struggle for independence from England.

When King Francis II died at age 16, Mary-Queen of Scots, age 18, returned to Scotland in 1561.


She was immediately criticized by Protestant Reformer John Knox from the pulpit.

John Knox had been arrested as a young man and sentenced in 1547 to be a galley slave on a French ship. Sailing away from Scotland, John Knox looked up as they passed St. Andrews and said:

“I see the steeple of that place where God first in public opened my mouth to glory; and I am fully persuaded… I shall not depart this life till my tongue shall glorify his godly name in the same place.”

After two years, John Knox was released and exiled to England.
John Knox rose to be the royal chaplain to the young King Edward VI where he helped influence the writing of the Book of Common Prayer.
When King Edward died, his sister Queen Mary Tudor took the throne and attempted to bring England back under the Catholic Church.

John Knox escaped England to Geneva, Switzerland, where he met Reformer John Calvin.

Through Knox, John Calvin’s beliefs not only influenced Scotland, but also the millions of Scots, Scots-Irish, Puritan and Presbyterian immigrants who came to America.


TIME Magazine published the article “Looking to Its Roots” (May 25, 1987):

“Ours is the only country deliberately founded on a good idea. That good idea combines a commitment to man’s inalien­able rights with the Calvinist belief in an ultimate moral right and sinful man’s obligation to do good. These articles of faith, embodied in the Declaration of Independence and in the Constitu­tion, literally govern our lives today.”

Secretary of the Navy George Bancroft published a ten-volume History of the United States, the first comprehensive history of America. He wrote: “He who will not honor the memory and respect the influence of Calvin knows little of the origin of American liberty.”

John Calvin advised the Jeanne d’Albret Queen Regnant of Navarre: “Now that the government is in your hands, God will test your zeal and fidelity. You now have an obligation to purge your lands of idolatry by taking into consideration the difficulties which can hold you back, the fears and doubts which can sap courage.

And I do not doubt that your advisors, if they look to this world, will try to stop you.  I know the arguments advanced to prove that princes should not force their subjects to lead a Christian life, but all kingdoms which do not serve that of Jesus Christ are ruined. So judge for yourself.  I do not say that all can be done in a day.”

John Calvin told the Queen Regnant of Navarre, April 28, 1545:
“A dog barks when his master is attacked. I would be a coward if I saw that God’s truth is attacked and yet would remain silent.”

When John Knox returned to Scotland, he followed Calvin’s example of confronting monarchs.
John Knox, who died NOVEMBER 24, 1572, had stated:

“A man with God is always in the majority.”


Knox preached a sermon in St. Andrews which incited hearers to smash statues and loot Catholic churches.
Through the efforts of John Knox, the Scottish Parliament officially accepted the Reformation in 1560, beginning the Presbyterian Church.

Mary-Queen of Scots had unfortunate events in her personal life.
She had married Lord Darnley in 1565, but he became jealous of Mary’s private secretary, David Rizzio, and had him murdered.
Lord Darnley was then suspiciously killed two years later in an explosion.
The chief suspect in his murder was the Earl of Bothwell, who manipulated Mary into marrying him a month later.
This upheaval resulted in the Scottish Parliament forcing Mary to abdicate her throne. She was replaced by her and Lord Darnley’s infant son, James.
James, at the age of 13 months, was crowned King James VI of Scotland.John Knox gave the coronation sermon.The Earl of Bothwell tried to raise forces to return Mary-Queen of Scots to her throne, but he was captured in Norway and died in prison.


Mary-Queen of Scots fled to England in 1568 to be protected by her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, who turned this into her forced custody for 19 years.


Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII by Anne Boleyn.
Anne Boleyn had refused to be another of Henry’s mistresses, so Henry divorced his first wife, broke with the Roman Catholic Church and began the Anglican Church.

Henry VIII later beheaded Anne Boleyn.
The fate of Henry VIII’s six wives were:
-Catherine of Aragon, divorced;
-Anne Boleyn, beheaded;
-Jane Seymour, died;
-Anne of Cleves, divorced;
-Catherine Howard, beheaded;
-Catherine Parr, survived.


Elizabeth I sent Sir Francis Drake to circumnavigate the globe, 1577-1580.
She sent Sir Walter Raleigh to found a colony in America in 1584, which he named “Virginia” after the virgin Queen Elizabeth.

Elizabeth was made aware of a plot against her life, which questionably implicated her captive Catholic cousin Mary-Queen of Scots.

Elizabeth tragically signed the order for Mary’s execution in 1587. Catholics in England went into hiding or fled. Large numbers of priests sent to England were captured and executed.

In 1588, Elizabeth had Sir Francis Drake fight the Spanish Armada.

The seriousness of Spain’s threat led Queen Elizabeth to make a treaty with Moroccan ruler Mulai Ahmad al-Mansur and with the Ottoman Sultan Murad III against Spain.

When Elizabeth died in 1603, the son of Mary-Queen of Scots was made King of England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland as King James I.

King James I had been raised by Scottish Presbyterian Protestant tutors.

He was responsible for arranging both Anglican and Puritan scholars to work together to produce the King James Bible – the best-selling book of all time.

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King James I is the namesake of Jamestown, Virginia – the first permanent English settlement in America. The Pilgrims were sailing on the Mayflower ship to join the Jamestown Colony when the got blown off course in a winter storm and landed at Cape Cod.


The Pilgrims had no charter from the King so they wrote their famous Mayflower Compact.
When Spanish and Italian Catholic troops plotted to help Ireland break from Anglican English control, beginning in 1569, the English crushed the attempt and executed thousands of Irish Catholics.

The Irish had their crops and farms destroyed, leading to famine and disease and thousands dying. Over the next century, the British killed over a half-million Irish Catholics and sold the same number into slavery in the West Indies, Virginia, New England, Barbados and Virginia.


In an effort to make Ireland more Protestant, Britain relocated 200,000 Presbyterians from Scotland to Ireland. In the following years, crop failures, the collapsing linen trade, and increased rents caused over a million Scots and Scots-Irish Protestant Presbyterian descendants to leave Ireland and immigrate to the American colonies.

Between 1717 and 1775, over 200,000 Scots-Irish migrated to America, becoming a third of the country’s population.

At the time of the REVOLUTION, the population of America was around 3 million, of which Puritans comprised about 600,000.

Other settlers included: 900,000 Scots and Scots-Irish Presbyterians; 400,000 German or Dutch Reformed; Protestant French Huguenots and Episcopalians, who had a Calvinistic confession in their 39 Articles.

Through this mass immigration, the influence of John Calvin and John Knox was felt in America.

The first Presbyterian Church in America was founded by Rev. Francis Makemie in Maryland in 1684. By the time of the American REVOLUTION, the Presbyterian denomination was one of the four largest denominations in the country, along with Anglican, Congregational and Baptist.


A descendant of John Knox was Presbyterian minister John Witherspoon, who signed the Declaration of Independence and was a primary proponent of separation of powers.


John Witherspoon
circulated letters urging ministers to support independence, even publishing a sermon, “Address to the Natives of Scotland residing in America,” in which he beseeched those of Scots and Scots-Irish descent to insist on their ancient rights against Britain.

John Witherspoon served as the President of Princeton College, where he taught 9 of the 55 writers of the U.S. Constitution, including James Madison.


Leaders of the Presbyterian Churches in the United States wrote to President George Washington, May 26, 1789:
“We … esteem it a peculiar happiness to behold in our Chief Magistrate, a steady, avowed friend of the Christian religion … who, in his private conduct, adorns the doctrines of the gospel of Christ.”


President George Washington wrote back in May of 1789:

“Gentlemen: I receive with great sensibility the testimonial given by the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America … While I reiterate the professions of my dependence upon Heaven as the source of all public and private blessings; I will observe that the general prevalence of piety, philanthropy, honesty, industry, and economy seems, in the ordinary course of human affairs, particularly necessary for advancing and conforming the happiness of our country …”

Washington added:

“While all men within our territories are protected in worshiping the Deity according to the dictates of their consciences; it is rationally to be expected from them in return, that they will be emulous of evincing the sanctity of their professions by the innocence of their lives and the beneficence of their actions; for no man who is profligate in his morals, or a bad member of the civil community, can possibly be a true Christian, or a credit to his own religious society …”

Washington concluded:
“I desire you to accept my acknowledgments for your laudable endeavors to render men sober, honest, and good citizens, and the obedient subjects of a lawful government,

as well as for your prayers to Almighty God for His blessings on our common country, and the humble instrument which He has been pleased to make use of in the administration of its government.”

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Stock Market Crash “Our Country & World are involved in More than a Financial Crisis” – Hoover

October 29, 1929, the New York Stock Exchange crashed.
Panic ensued as Wall Street sold 16,410,030 shares in a single day.
Billions of dollars were lost and America plunged into the Great Depression.

An estimated 15 million Americans were unemployed and nearly half of all banks failed.

The Great Depression began with a rapid contraction of credit.
This occurred despite the existence of the Federal Reserve which was created with promises that it would prevent financial panics.


Democrat Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan had stated (Hearst’s Magazine, Nov 1923): “The Federal Reserve Bank that should have been the farmer’s greatest protection has become his greatest foe.”


The President at the start of the Great Depression was Herbert Hoover, who had only been in office 7 months.

Herbert Hoover had previously coordinated the feeding of millions who were starving in Europe and Russia after World War I.

When the Mississippi River flooded in 1927, Herbert Hoover orchestrated the relief of some 630,000 people who were affected, 200,000 of which were African American.


President Herbert Hoover led a drive to mobilize private relief agencies, October 18, 1931:
“Time and again the American people have demonstrated a spiritual quality of generosity…
This is the occasion when we must arouse that idealism, that spirit, from which there can be no failure in this primary obligation of every man to his neighbor…”

Hoover continued: “Our country and the world are today involved in more than a financial crisis…
This great complex, which we call American life, is builded and can alone survive upon the translation into individual action of that fundamental philosophy announced by the Savior nineteen centuries ago…
Our national suffering today is from failure to observe these primary yet inexorable laws of human relationship…
Modern society cannot survive with the defense of Cain, ‘Am I my brother’s keeper?'”


Miracles in American History – 32 Amazing Stories of Answered Prayer

Herbert Hoover told the National Drive Committee for Voluntary Relief Agencies, September 15, 1932: “Our tasks are definite…that we maintain the spiritual impulses in our people for generous giving…in the spirit that each is his brother’s keeper…
Many a family today is carrying a neighbor family over the trough of this depression not alone with material aid but with that encouragement which maintains courage and faith.”

President Herbert Hoover stated at the Gridiron Club, April 27, 1931: “If, by the grace of God, we have passed the worst of this storm, the future months will be easy.
If we shall be called upon to endure more of this period, we must gird ourselves for even greater effort.
If we can maintain this courage and resolution we shall have written this new chapter in national life in terms to which our whole idealism has aspired.
May God grant to us the spirit and strength to carry through to the end.”

Herbert Hoover stated at Valley Forge, May 30, 1931: “If those few thousand men endured that long winter of privation… held their countrymen to the faith, and by that holding held fast the freedom of America, what right have we to be of little faith?”

Numerous economists hold the opinion that Herbert Hoover’s efforts would have eventually resulted in recovery had it not been for resistance from political opponents who favored big government intervention.

The Great Depression spread to countries around the globe, including:

Australia, Canada, Chile, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Latin America, Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, South Africa, Soviet Union, Sweden, and Thailand.


President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated in his First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933: “The only thing we have to fear is fear itself…
We face our common difficulties. They concern, thank God, only material things…
Where there is no vision the people perish (Pr. 29:18)… We face arduous days that lie before us…with…old and precious moral values…
In this dedication of a nation we humbly ask the blessing of God. May He protect each and every one of us!”


The severity of the crisis caused citizens to demand the government respond, resulting in President Roosevelt issuing dozens of unprecedented Executive Orders creating large numbers of new Federal agencies.


During this time, enormous power was consolidated in Washington, D.C., usurping control over vast areas of American life.

Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 6102 authorizing the Federal Government to confiscated all the gold in the country, making it a crime for a private citizen to own gold. 


In his Christmas Message, December 24, 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt stated: “This year marks a greater national understanding of the significance in our modern lives of the teachings of Him whose birth we celebrate.

To more and more of us the words ‘Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself’ have taken on a meaning that is showing itself and proving itself in our purposes and daily lives.
May the practice of that high ideal grow in us all in the year to come.
I give you and send you one and all, old and young, a Merry Christmas and a truly Happy New Year.

And so, for now and for always ‘God Bless Us Every One.'”

President Franklin D. Roosevelt stated on the 400th Anniversary of the Printing of the English Bible, October 6, 1935: “We cannot read the history of our rise and development as a Nation, without reckoning with the place the Bible has occupied in shaping the advances of the Republic.
Its teaching, as has been wisely suggested, is ploughed into the very heart of the race.
Where we have been truest and most consistent in obeying its precepts we have attained the greatest measure of contentment and prosperity.”

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Prayers and Presidents-Inspiring Faith from Leaders of the Past

Bill Federer www.AmericanMinute.com

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Environmentalism’s Deep Misanthropy

David Attenborough”famous for hosting BBC’s The Living Planet and other nature documentaries”has recently drawn headlines for lambasting humans as a “plague on the Earth.”

That someone of Attenborough’s stature (he has been knighted, among other official honors, and is so popular in the U.K. that he was named one the One-Hundred Greatest Britons in a 2002 BBC poll) would compare us to cholera evidences how mainstream anti-humanism has become within the environmental movement. Indeed, in the wake of the media firestorm about Attenborough’s remark, Population Matters”the U.K.’s largest population control trust, for which Attenborough serves as a patron”affirmed the analogy as “apt,” stating that we are indeed “like a plague of locusts, which consumes all it sees and then dies off.”

Wesley J. Smith This is nothing new for environmentalists. In 1972, the young David Suzuki told students: “One of the things I’ve gotten off on lately is that basically . . . we’re all fruit flies.” He likened us to “maggots” who are “born as an egg” and “eventually hatch out and start crawling around” eating and “defecating all over the environment.”

One might forgive the excessive zeal of a young radical in a socially radical time for calling us embryonic flies. But given the opportunity in 2009 in a Canadian television interview to retract his insulting depiction of humanity, the now world-famous Suzuki demurred, lamenting merely that “Humanity is humanity . . . I just wish they’d stop being so human!”

In recent years, deep misanthropy has seeped into the popular culture. For example, the 2008 remake of The Day the Earth Stood Still starred Keanu Reeves as Klaatu, an alien come to earth to commit total genocide to “save the earth.” At the end, he shows “mercy” by stripping us of our technology”an event which, were it actually to occur, would result in billions of human deaths. Illustrating how times have changed, the 1951 original version had Klaatu on earth to save humans, not wipe us out.

This deep misanthropy has found its way into curricula. A few years ago, for example, the Australian Broadcasting Corporation website carried a children’s feature called Planet Slayer , featuring “Dr. Schpinkee’s Greenhouse Calculator,” with which kids added up their carbon score. The game ended with a “carbon hog” bloodily exploding. Data then told children how much longer they could live until they used up their respective “share of the planet””strongly implying a duty to die thereafter in order not to be a plague on the earth.

Deep misanthropy has helped renew the Malthusian drive to radically depopulate the planet of people as a remedy for environmental ills and human deprivation. Population Matters, for example, would have us voluntarily reduce our current population of seven billion by about half to save the planet. Another Population Matters patron, Paul Ehrlich, author of The Population Bomb , says the optimal human count would be much lower, around 1.5 billion.

Like The Day the Earth Stood Still , such advocacy has distinct genocidal overtones. But the Malthusians always assure us that they only support “non-coercive” measures, such as legally mandated access to “reproductive health””which means, in part, contraception and universal abortion-on-demand.

But actual population reduction to the extent for which the Malthusians yearn can’t be accomplished voluntarily. Consider China’s infamous “one child” policy. Despite more than forty years of forced abortion, ubiquitous female infanticide, eugenics, and other draconian population control policies, the population in China continues to grow. Indeed, while China’s tyrannical policies have succeeded in slowing of the rate of growth, today the country has a larger population than any time in its history.

Massive depopulation would also require mass euthanasia of the aging and infirm”in part in order to balance the population pyramid. In this regard, the Japanese Finance Minister recently opined that his country’s elderly should “hurry up and die,” and yet, he retains his position.

The Malthusians also want radical wealth redistribution. Thus, the “vision” of Population Matters advocates:

Sustainability means greater equity. Renewable resources are insufficient for many to live in great luxury, while continued dire poverty is a recipe for resource overexploitation and conflict. Our vision, then, is of a global community with a relatively equal lifestyle, living in balance with nature and respecting the valid claims of all of its members.

“All its members,” of course, means flora and fauna.

The ongoing convergence of deep misanthropy, radical Malthusianism, and renewed advocacy for wealth redistribution is very dangerous. Advocates always claim that the profound changes they seek will be accomplished freely. But these are all Utopian endeavors, meaning that the perceived all-important ends will come eventually to justify coercive means.

by   January 25 2013
Wesley J. Smith is a senior fellow at the Discovery Institute’s Center on Human Exceptionalism. He also consults for the Patients Rights Council and the Center for Bioethics and Culture. His previous “On the Square” articles can be found here .

RESOURCES

David Attenborough”Humans are a Plague on Earth ,” Telegraph, January 22, 2013,

Population Matters, “ Is Humanity a Plague?

New York Post , “ Enviro Mental Institution

Facts and Details , “ Population of China

The Guardian, Let elderly people ‘hurry up and die,’ says Japanese minister

Population Matters, “Vision” statement

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UN: To the free world…a constructive forum; To the Communist world…a weapon…spreading disunity”

“United Nations-2 distinct things: To the free world…a constructive forum;
To the Communist world…a weapon…spreading disunity”
-Eisenhower, June 10, 1963

The United Nations officially began OCTOBER 24, 1945. Its name was coined by President Franklin Roosevelt.The United Nations was created to prevent future wars.

Unfortunately, there have been nearly 150 wars with over 100 million casualties from the day the United Nations’ charter was drafted in the Garden Room of San Francisco’s Fairmont Hotel:

5 in Central Asia,
11 in South Asia,
20 in Southeast Asia,
13 in Eastern Europe,
23 in the Middle East,
25 in Latin & South America and 50 in Africa.
The Secretary-General at the United Nations Charter Conference in 1945 was Alger Hiss.

 

Alger Hiss was present at the Yalta Conference. February 4-11, 1945, where a large portion of Europe was put under the control of the Soviet Union.

Alger Hiss was later accused and convicted of being a Communist agent in publicized 1948 trial.

The person who accused Alger Hiss was a former Soviet spy Whittaker Chambers.

 

Soviet spy Whittaker Chambers had been senior editor of TIME Magazine before defecting to the United States. After Whittaker Chambers died, President Ronald Reagan awarded him the Medal of

Freedom, March 26, 1984, stating: “At a critical moment in our Nation’s history, Whittaker Chambers stood alone against the brooding terrors of our age…
He became the focus of a momentous controversy in American history that symbolized our century’s epic struggle between freedom and totalitarianism, a controversy in which the solitary figure of Whittaker Chambers personified the mystery of human redemption in the face of evil and suffering.”

The 185 member United Nations spends over $20 billion annually, with the largest amount being contributed by United States.

Though 50 States comprise the United States of America, they are allowed only one combined vote, equivalent to the tiniest of nations.

After accusations of a U.N. Oil for Food Scandal and a U.N. Sex Scandal, the U.N. was pressured to release its first audit in 2005.


The U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights, written with the help of Eleanor Roosevelt, was adopted by the U.N. General Assembly, December 8, 1948. Without referencing the “Creator” as the source of rights like the U.S. Declaration of Independence, the U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights includes articles such as: “Article 18. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief…”

This conflicted with Islamic Sharia law which imposes the death penalty for anyone leaving the Islamic religion.

Many articles in the U.N. Universal Declaration of Human Rights were rejected by the leaders of 57 Islamic countries, who formed their own group called the OIC – Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

In 1990, the OIC passed their ‘Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam’ affirming Shariah law as supreme, with:

-the death penalty for those leaving Islam;
-punishing women who are victims of rape;
-allowing men to be polygamous;
-permitting wife beating; and
-censoring speech insulting Islam.

On December 12, 2011, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton began a 3 day closed door meeting with the OIC-Organization of Islamic Cooperation promising to support their Istanbul Process to universally “criminalize” speech insulting Islam, effectively enforcing “dhimmi” status on non-Muslims worldwide.


By definition, the Christian Gospel is insulting to Islam as it proclaims that Jesus Christ is not simply a prophet but the Son of God who died on the cross to pay for the sins of the world.  In fact, all speech contrary to Islam insults Islam.


At the end of the meeting, OIC Secretary General Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu stated: “The Istanbul Process initiated with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton…must be carried forward.” Clinton added: “We now need to move to implementation.”


In the following months, Hillary Clinton’s State Department ignored repeated requests for security by Ambassador Chris Stevens. He was killed with several others in the Benghazi attack on September 11, 2012.


The morning after the attack, Secretary Clinton’s State Department blamed a video and sent memos to YouTube and Google recommending they censor speech insulting Islam, consistent with promises made at the OIC Istanbul Process meeting.


President Obama added to this narrative by telling the U.N. General Assembly, September 25, 2012:  “The future must not belong to those who slander the prophet of Islam.”

Requests made by Judicial Watch through the Freedom of Information Act revealed emails indicating that the U.S. weapons used to oust Libya’s President Gaddafi were being moved from Benghazi in a “Fast and Furious” style program to arm Muslim fighters to oust Syria’s President Assad, as part of a larger plan to establish an Islamic Caliphate.

When Russia came to Assad’s defense, the Muslims armed and trained by the U.S. attacked into Syria and Iraq, calling themselves ISIS, and proceeded to torture, rape, behead and displace hundreds of thousands.

The United Nations has a mixed reputation, as attested to by President Dwight Eisenhower at the National Junior Chamber of Commerce, June 10, 1963:

“The United Nations has seemed to be two distinct things to the two worlds divided by the iron curtain… 

To the free world it has seemed that it should be a constructive forum…

To the Communist world it has been a convenient sounding board for their propaganda, a weapon to be exploited in spreading disunity and confusion.”

Idealistically begun with high hopes, the United Nations General Assembly elected its fourth President in 1949, Philippine General Carlos Romulo.

General Carlos Romulo served with General Douglas MacArthur in the Pacific, and later became the first Asian to win a Pulitzer Prize.

General Carlos Romulo wrote: “Never forget Americans, that yours is a spiritual country.  Yes, I know you’re a practical people. Like others, I’ve marveled at your factories, your skyscrapers, and your arsenals.

But underlying everything else is the fact that America began as a God-loving, God-fearing, God-worshiping people.”

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DVD – Islamic Conquest-Past and Present

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“Only a third of the two million Armenians in Turkey have survived, and that at the price of apostatizing to Islam or else of leaving all they had and fleeing across the frontier.”

Historian Arnold Joseph Toynbee died OCTOBER 2, 1975.

He provided foreign intelligence for the British during World Wars I and II, and served as a delegate to the Paris Peace Conferences following both wars.

Arnold Joseph Toynbee was educated at Oxford “almost entirely in the Greek and Latin Classics.”

Toynbee taught at King’s College of London, the London School of Economics, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs.

Toynbee authored many history books, including Greek Policy Since 1882 (1914), and The Murderous Tyranny Of The Turks (London, New York: Hodder & Stoughton, 1917), in which he wrote:

“Turks … from Central Asia, ruled during the first two centuries of their conquests by … unscrupulous Sultans, who subjugated the Christian populations of Asia Minor and South-Eastern Europe, compelling part of these populations to embrace Mohammedanism,

and supporting their own power by seizing the children of the rest, forcibly converting them to Islam, and making out of them an efficient standing army, the Janizaries, by whose valour and discipline the Turkish wars of conquest were carried on from early in the 15th down into the 19th century …”

Toynbee explained:

“The Greeks were leaders of civilization in the Ancient World and in the Middle Ages, till the Greek Empire of Constantinople was conquered by the Turks in 1453…

The Armenians were the first people to make Christianity their national religion … They produced a fine literature and architecture, which Turkish conquest destroyed …

Turks have repressed all symptoms of Armenian revival by massacres …”

Tracing the history of the Islamic State, Toynbee continued:

“There are three stages in the history of Ottoman tyranny …

Osman, its founder, from whom the Osmanli Turks take their name, was the hereditary chief of a wandering band of Turkish freebooters from Central Asia … carve(d) out a principality for himself at the expense of the neighboring Christians …

This Ottoman dominion, which started thus in the 13th century with a few square miles of territory in North-Western Asia Minor, expanded during the next 300 years till it stretched from within a few miles of Vienna to Mecca and Baghdad.

… It destroyed the Ancient Empire of Constantinople, which had preserved Greek learning during the Middle Ages; the free Christian kingdoms of Bulgaria, Serbia, Bosnia, Wallachia, Moldavia and Hungary…

Such a career of destructive conquest was a disaster to civilization, and it was only made possible by a ruthless militarism …”

Toynbee described:

“The Ottoman method of conscription was to take a tribute of children from the conquered Christians so many children from each family every so many years bring them up in barracks as fanatical Moslems and train them as professional recruits.

These ‘Janissaries,’ militarized from their youth up and divorced from every human relation except loyalty to their war-lord, were the most formidable soldiers in Europe, and each new Christian land they conquered was a new field of recruitment for their corps.

The Ottoman Empire literally drained its victims’ blood, and its history as a Vampire-State is unparalleled in the history of the world.”

Toynbee wrote further:

“This was the first stage in Ottoman history;

the second … was internal and external decay.

The Empire was cut short by Austria, Russia and other foreign powers;

the subject peoples began to win back their freedom by breaking away from under the Turkish yoke …

The Turkish … tradition of violence and cunning … tried to stave off the consequences of its own rottenness by making the subject peoples even weaker and more wretched than itself …”

Get the book What Every American Needs to Know About the Qur’an

Toynbee continued:

“This was the policy of Abd-ul-Hamid, who reigned from 1876 to 1908, and his method was to set one race against another.

Kurds were encouraged to massacre the Armenians; the Turkish soldiers were ordered to join in the massacre when the Armenians put up a resistance …

Turkish troops came up and burned the village for treason against the Ottoman State.”

Toynbee described the brief euphoria when dictator Abd-ul-Hamid was deposed and they were promised democracy.

But high hopes were dashed when this Turkish ‘Spring’ was co-opted by fundamentalist Muslims who began a genocide, as Toynbee described:

“In the FIRST STAGE the subject peoples paid their tribute of children…

In the SECOND STAGE they were hounded on to destroy each other by the Machiavellian policy of Abd-ul-Hamid.

The THIRD STAGE has been introduced by the Young Turks…a government employing its resources in the murder of its own people…

When the Young Turks came into power in 1908 they announced a program of ‘Ottomanisation.’

Every language in the Empire but Turkish was to be driven off…

Non-Turkish majority was to be assimilated to the Turkish minority by coercion…

The Turks drive forth Greeks and Bulgars destitute from their homes and possessions.

The Magyars mobilize troops to terrorize Slovaks and Romanians at the elections;

the Turks draft the criminals from their prisons into the Gendarmeri to exterminate the Armenian race…

The Young Turks have pursued their nationalistic program by butchery.

The Adana massacres of 1909…occurred within a year of the proclamation of the Young Turk Constitution, which assured equal rights of citizenship to all inhabitants of the Empire.

…In 1913 the Turkish Army was engaged in exterminating the Albanians because they had an un-Ottoman national spirit of their own.

This work was interrupted by the Balkan War, but the Turks revenged themselves for their defeat…by exterminating all Greeks and Slavs left in the territory they still retained…

Only a third of the two million Armenians in Turkey have survived, and that at the price of apostatizing to Islam or else of leaving all they had and fleeing across the frontier.

… The refugees saw their women and children die by the roadside, and apostasy too, for a woman, involved the living death of marriage to a Turk and inclusion in his harem.

The other two-thirds … were marched away from their homes … with no food or clothing for the journey, in fierce heat and bitter cold, hundreds of miles over rough mountain roads.

They were plundered and tormented by their guards, and by subsidized bands of brigands, who descended on them in the wilderness, and with whom their guards fraternized.

Parched with thirst, they were kept away from the water with bayonets.

… They died of hunger and exposure and exhaustion, and in lonely places the guards and robbers fell upon them and murdered them in batches some at the first halting place after the start, others after they had endured weeks of this agonizing journey.

About half the deportees and there was at least 1,200,000 … perished thus on their journey,

and the other half have been dying lingering deaths ever since at their journey’s end; for they have been deported to the most inhospitable regions in the Ottoman Empire:

-the malarial marshes in the Province of Konia;
-the banks of the Euphrates where, between Syria and Mesopotamia, it runs through a stony desert;
-the sultry and utterly desolate track of the Hedjaz Railway …

The same campaign of extermination has been waged against the Nestorian Christians on the Persian frontier …

In Syria there is a reign of terror …”

DVD Islamic Conquest – Past and Present

Toynbee added:

“The ‘Deportation Scheme’ was drawn up by the central government …

No State could be more completely responsible for any act within its borders than the Ottoman State is responsible for the appalling crimes it has committed against its subject peoples …”

Toynbee wrote:

“Turkish rule … is now, oppressing or massacring, slaughtering or driving from their homes, the Christian population of Greek or Bulgarian stock … Armenia and Cilicia, and Syria, where within the last two years it has been destroying its Christian subjects …

The Young Turkish gang who gained power when they had deposed Abd-ul-Hamid, have surpassed even that monster of cruelty in their slaughter of the unoffending Armenians.

The ‘Committee of Union and Progress’ began by promising equal rights to all races and faiths …

It proceeded … to expel the Greek-speaking inhabitants of Western Asia Minor, and to exterminate the Armenians…

The Muslim peasant of Asia Minor is an honest, kindly fellow when not roused by fanaticism …

President Wilson…called upon … Allied Nations … that they … make good their words:

‘The liberation of the peoples who now lie beneath the murderous tyranny of the Turks …'”

Toynbee continued:

“Turkish tyranny … putting the clock in South-Eastern Europe a century back … to reconquer for Militarism the field which the 19th century won here for Democracy … destroying without interference a multitude of smaller and weaker peoples from Alsace to Romania and from Schleswig to Baghdad …”

Arnold Toynbee was a correspondent for the Manchester Guardian during the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922).

His 12-volume Study Of History (1934-1961), described the rise, flowering, and decline of 26 cultures from Egypt, Greece and Rome to Polynesia and Peru.

After World War II, Toynbee wrote Historians Approach To Religion (1956), and Change And Habit: The Challenge Of Our Time (1966), in which he predicted that China would become the major global power if the United States and the Soviet Union could not maintain world order.

“Civilizations die from suicide, not by murder,” argued Toynbee, who saw religion as a prime motivation in history.

Toynbee continued:

“When I started, religion was not a prominent feature …

In writing my study, I have been constantly surprised to find religion coming back to fill an even greater place.”

Toynbee concluded:

“So what does the universe look like? …

It looks as if everything were on the move either toward its Creator or away from Him …

The course of human history consists of a series of encounters … in which each man or woman or child … is challenged by God to make the free choice between doing God’s will and refusing to do it.

When Man refuses, he is free to make his refusal and to take the consequences.”

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Political Islam’s War on West DVD

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Mysterious deaths at the BBC

mikesmith

If you thought for one minute that the BBC is in anyway as it appears to be, you’re very sadly mistaken.

Behind the comforting British TV façade, lies a paedophile network, so vast and sordid it literally beggars belief.

It’s ringleaders are so dangerous that speaking out about the abuse can lead to murder.

SavileBBCBBC Paedo RingPrince Charles Jimmy Savile

Don’t be fooled into thinking that Jimmy Savile was a lone pervert stalking the broadcast centre.

He wasn’t.

Savile was, in fact, working as a VIP pimp, procuring children to be abused and often murdered, by Royalty, Government and showbiz entertainers.
Continue reading →

Some Savile Documents from BBC Archives

Cathy Fix the truth will out about BBC covering up for Jimmy Savile

cathy fox blog

The following links and text were left by Mark Salter as an annotation on one of my Freedom of Information Requests to the BBC [5].  The request is not really worthy of note except for Mark’s shared information and annotation.

He writes, (though I have edited it for this blog)

A cursory glance through shortly after I digitised the hardcopy to share found an early indication that Savile might have been up to no good for a long time.

  • Being paid 10 guineas 10 shillings in 1965 by the BBC for “talking to Arthur Murphy about your ideas on outside activities for teenagers who…

View original post 424 more words

The Complete Breakdown Of Every Hillary And Bill Clinton Speech, And Fee, Since 2013

So due to popular demand, we appended to the 2013 speech detail first released last week the full breakdown of Hillary’s and Bill’s 2014 and 2015 speeches which had been provided previously as part of her mandatory disclosure in May of this year.

As Politico cautions, the disclosure omits an unknown number of speeches that the Clintons delivered while directing the payment or honoraria to the Clinton Foundation, despite instructions on the and guidance from the U.S. Office of Government Ethics, saying that honoraria directed to a charity should be reported.

Still, as readers will note, even the “modest” data that Hillary chose to share is quite stunning.

We hope it will surprise nobody that the bulk of speeches were bought and paid for by Wall Street and affiliated “financial entities” because that’s what hollow populist pandering is all about – pretending to be an “everyday American” while getting paid tens of millions by Wall Street and America’s biggest corporations.

How many millions?

Since 2013 Bill Clinton has been paid $26.6 million for 94 speeches; Hillary’s grand total is slightly less: $21.7 million for 92 private appearances.

Below we present the full breakdown of every publicly disclosed speech event by Hillary Clinton, together with the associated fee.

And likewise for Bill Clinton:

And a visual way of showing the above data.

Hillary:

Bill:

Source: Hillaryclinton.con and Politco

Bonus footage: sometime in addition to hundreds of thousands of dollars for speeking for 50 minutes, Hillary would also get a shoe as an added bonus:

Zoe Konstantopoulou’s speech in the Greek Parliament on 22 July 2015: The complete subordination of a democratic country to the will and demands of other governments is not an agreement

Admittedly the politically and personally painful moments which we have experienced in parliament during this term are multiplying.

In my capacity as Speaker of the House, I sent a letter to the President of the Republic, Mr. Prokopis Pavlopoulos and to Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras (see in French :http://cadtm.org/Lettre-de-Zoe-Konstantopoulou-Le), noting that it is my institutional responsibility to emphasize and underline that the conditions this bill is being introduced under allow no guarantees of compliance with the constitution, no protection of the democratic process or the exercise of legislative power of parliament, nor a conscientious vote by members of parliament (see post-scriptum in http://cadtm.org/Greece-The-Consequences-of-the). Those conditions are blatant blackmail by foreign governments of European Union member States on this government and on the members of parliament. The legal measures are introduced without any possibility of amendment by the parliament as was acknowledged by the Justice Minister, whom I honor and respect deeply, as he knows; their implementation would result in a major intervention in the functioning of justice and the exercise of the fundamental rights of the citizens, tearing down both the functioning of Greek democracy as a social state under the rule of law in which there is a separation of powers according to the Constitution, as well as the preservation of the principle of fair trial.

Ministers are being coerced into introducing legal measures whose contents they do not agree with, but which they are directly opposed to, in this respect the statement by the Justice Minister was telling, and members of parliament are being coerced into voting them, while they too are opposed to their contents, and in this respect every statement by members of parliament in the two parliamentary groups which make up the parliamentary majority was also telling.

All this is happening under the direct threat of a disorderly default and reveal that, in truth, this bill which foreign governments and not the Greek government have chosen as a prerequisite, is an attempt at the completion of a dissolution, since this bill contains a major intervention into the third independent function, which is justice. This bill attempts to undermine the functioning of justice and is lifting basic guarantees to a fair trial and basic and fundamental rights of citizens.

I consider it my institutional duty to react as Speaker of the House as well and to ask my counterparts in all the parliaments of the member States of the European Union, as I have done in the past and as I did in my letter to the President of the European Parliament (see http://cadtm.org/Letter-Addressed-to-President-of ), to react and to take a stand against this dissolution.

Likewise in my letter to the President and the Prime Minister, which I am going to enter in the minutes, I have asked them to formally inform their counterparts of the coercive and forceful conditions under which this vote has occurred.

Minister, I am addressing you in my capacity of the previous parliamentary term. I have addressed you before in this capacity, when I congratulated you for the bills you introduced and especially for your pioneering legislation on the prison system. I am addressing you from the capacity with which I was honored by the parliamentary group of SYRIZA and the current Prime Minister, then opposition leader Mr. Alexis Tsipras, the capacity of the head of the SYRIZA parliamentary group for transparency, justice and human rights and from this capacity I tell you that it is evident that no one in the parliamentary group of SYRIZA endorses the provisions of this bill because the parliamentary group of SYRIZA during the previous period as well, had expressly objected to and strongly opposed this same law, which ironically, is being introduced in an identical form, as it had been introduced by your predecessor Mr Athanassiou, and is being accelerated in a shocking way by the creditors in order to put the nail in the coffin of one more expression of democracy.

Because just like they have attempted to turn the NO of the Greek people into a YES in both the communiqué of the Euro Summit as well as in the previous law introduced here again through emergency procedures last Wednesday, so they are attempting to convert the 93.12% NO of lawyers as recorded in a nationwide referendum for the first time in early December 2014, into a YES.

These deprecating moves against democratic expression are entirely symbolic on the level of a referendum of lawyers and on the level of a nationwide referendum of citizens so that there is no doubt that the message which is being sent by the creditors is that democratic processes are futile, that direct democracy as expressed by citizens or professionals (lawyers, in this case), is irrelevant.
This is a poisonous message for European societies, it is a message that the left and SYRIZA must not allow to be either sent or circulated.

It is clear that what is being attempted is the obliteration of both the government and the parliamentary groups that support it, through blackmail. It is clear that what is being directly questioned is democracy in our country. What is asked of us, what is asked of me, Minister, by the creditors is, in reality, to issue, if I could, a seal that would say, “Greek Parliament” and hand it over to them in order to validate their diktats.

It is not acceptable that after SYRIZA and the committee for justice, rights and transparency struggled so fiercely against the undemocratic manipulation of the 800 pages in the article that was the measures of November 2012, the government be forced by blackmail and humiliation (that is the intention) to now introduce 977 pages, in two articles, one of which contains 1008 articles of the Civil Procedure code and the other 130 articles incorporating a European directive, many of which are 2 and 3 pages long. The government of the left cannot be forced to introduce such abbreviated and condensed, urgent articles, with suffocating deadlines, articles it has consistently denounced in the past.

Minister, I know that by addressing you I am knocking on an open door, because you have consistently fought against such regulations, you have consistently expressed and thoroughly analyzed
all the reasons why this code should have been withdrawn in 2014, and indeed was withdrawn, and that was a great victory not only for the lawyers who put up a struggle in defense of citizens but it was also a huge victory for the citizens’ movements, for all those bodies which were mobilized and it certainly was a huge victory for the main opposition party of the previous period and the opposition as a whole.

This is the victory they want to turn into defeat and destruction in order to once again send the message that we must legislate through fear. Mr Juncker said it today, shamelessly: “fear,” he said, “has led to the agreement”; and is it ever possible for this to be accepted and tolerated in a European Union, which has as its statutory principle the welfare of peoples and societies, the protection of rights and the shielding of democracy?

Minister, the NO of the lawyers on the 2nd and 3d December 2014 meant and still means NO to fast-track foreclosures, NO to auctions and forced expulsions, NO to mock trials on paper to prevent the hearing from proceeding, NO to the further degradation of justice, which is a pillar of democracy, it means NO to a further undermining of the constitutional rights of citizens.

When in the summer of 2014 Mr. Hardouvelis brazenly undertook the obligation to compensate for any consequences of judicial rulings which would annul memorandum provisions, the then opposition, the justice committee and the department of justice of SYRIZA were the first to step forward and say this could not be tolerated. Yet it is that very same bill that is being forced through with blackmail. So it would be good for my colleagues and comrades, whom I honor without exception, not to forget their own commitments and speak of an agreement. Coercion is not an agreement, blackmail is not an agreement, the aim to force the complete subordination of a democratic country to the will and demands of other governments and other countries, is not an agreement.

And we must not forget our commitments because at some point we might forget everything and we might begin referring to the content of this bill as if it was our own. It is not our own, it is not the wish and the will of the government. This is also made evident, Minister, by the fact that you have set up a special committee to examine another draft code of Civil Procedure.

And it is not even the wish of members of parliament, who will vote in favor and belong to parliamentary groups supporting the government. It is not their wish to apply these inhumane measures, which leave citizens (borrowers especially) completely defenceless in front of the banks (see post-scriptum in http://cadtm.org/Greece-The-Consequences-of-the ).

Minister, you know it, but perhaps citizens do not know this well, that the head of the committee that drafted this code was Mr Chamilothoris, who was responsible for the monstrous memorandum law 4055 of 2012, which has been collectively denounced not only by bodies but also by lawyers and representatives of the judiciary and which SYRIZA has pledged to repeal but also, that members of the drafting committee of this legislation which is now being accelerated are legal advisors of the banks. That is who the members of the legislative drafting committee that was formed by the memorandum governments are and there should be no doubt that the objective served is precisely, once more, to hand over of the property of the citizens to the banks, that is the servicing of the banks and the bankers at the expense of citizens.

We must not open the door to allow this objective to be implemented, an objective promoted by the adoption today of this Code of Civil Procedure and here I would ask you specifically and my colleagues who are lawyers, to speak frankly; passing legislation is not a trivial thing, it is not a temporary thing and not a joke. This framework is becoming State law for the first time and indeed, in the form of a code. It is becoming State law that the Greek State is giving way to the banks and ranks after the banks in auction procedures. It is becoming State law that workers give way to the banks and rank after the banks at auctions. It is not enough to say that we vote now and will make sure they will not be applied. When we attempt to stop them from being applied, they will tell us, “but you voted for it”; moreover we know that we ourselves will not be in office permanently, whatever our present position.

This is a piece of legislation that goes into force on 01/01/2016. That proves both that there is no urgency and that it can be discussed under normal conditions but also it raises major concerns in relation to the future aspirations and achievements of those who seek to overthrow this government and to humiliate the political forces that support it, and to prevent them (us) from standing tall in the minds of citizens and of society.

Colleagues, as a member of parliament for SYRIZA I could never vote for this bill; as one formerly in charge of the committee for the control of parliamentary work in issues of justice, transparency and human rights of the Parliamentary Group of SYRIZA, from which position I fought for three years to stop the memoranda attack on justice and civil rights but also the memoranda orgy of corruption and vested interests, I could never vote for this bill; as a lawyer, I could never vote for this bill and as Speaker of the House, I could never legalize procedures which will make Parliament merely decorative, which waive the guarantee function of Parliament, circumventing the conscience of parliamentarians and ultimately discarding democracy. Thank you.

Translated by Zoe Mavroudi and CADTM.

Source: Cadtm.org
25 July by Zoe Konstantopoulou

Author

Zoe Konstantopoulou Greek human rights lawyer and politician of the Coalition of the Radical Left (Syriza). On 27 January 2015 she was nominated Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament. She was elected to the post on 6 February 2015 with the record number of 235 out of 300 votes

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